## ICSE Class 10 English Literature Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

Maximum Marks: 40
Time: 1 1/2 Hours

Section – A [10 Marks]
Attempt all questions

Question 1.
Choose the correct answers to the questions from the given options. (Do not copy the question write the correct answer only.)
(i) The author of the poem, ‘Abou Ben Adhem’, was:
(a) David Roth
(b) Leigh Hunt
(c) William Wordsworth
(d) Robert Browning
(b) Leigh Hunt

(ii) In the poem ‘Nine Gold Medals’ the poet focuses on values like:
(a) Health and wealth
(b) Compassion and cooperation
(c) Respect and wealth
(d) Love and compassion
(b) Compassion and cooperation

(iii) In the lesson ‘My Greatest Olympic Prize’ speaks of Adolf Hitler’s belief in:
(a) Aryan Superiority Theory
(b) Anti-communism
(c) Nazism
(d) German Nationalism
(a) Aryan Superiority Theory

(iv) In the lesson ‘My Greatest Olympic Prize’ Jesse Owens is the athlete.
(a) Indian
(b) German
(c) African Negro
(d) American Negro
(d) American Negro

(v) In the lesson ‘All Summer in a Day’ why is Margot not accounted for by the teacher?
(b) Margot was locked in the closet without the teacher’s knowledge
(c) The children ran ahead of the teacher
(d) The teacher had no control of the children
(b) Margot was locked in the closet without the teacher’s knowledge

(vi) The theme explored in ‘All Summer in a Day’ is:
(a) Jealousy and bullying
(b) Egoism and anger
(d) Pride and understanding
(a) Jealousy and bullying

(vii) According to the Duke, Shylock is “a stony adversary”; Shylock is also:
(a) “uncapable of pity, void and empty”
(b) “uncapable of love, void and shrewd”
(c) “uncapable of joy, null and loveless”
(d) “uncapable of mercy, void and shrewd”
(a) “uncapable of pity, void and empty”

(viii) What is the importance of the short scene, Act 4, scene (ii)?
(a) The scene shows that Bassanio loves Antonio more than he loves Portia
(b) Bassanio tests Portia in the scene
(c) It was mandatory to have more than one scene in the penultimate act
(d) The scene lays a foundation for the last Act
(d) The scene lays a foundation for the last Act

(ix) Which of the following is a ‘subsidiary plot’ in the last scene of the play?
(a) Stephano’s character
(c) Nerissa and Gratiano’s love story
(b) Lorenzo and Jessica’s love story
(d) Lancelot’s character
(b) Lorenzo and Jessica’s love story

(x) In the opening lines of Act V, why do you think Shakespeare uses graphic imagery to describe romantic beauty?
(a) Shakespeare wants to exhibit his knowledge
(b) Shakespeare wants to show his love for classical allusions
(c) Because of lack of electric lighting and moveable scenery
(d) Lorenzo is a complicated character, so he uses a language different from other characters
(c) Because of lack of electric lighting and moveable scenery

Section-B [10 Marks]
DRAMA
(The Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare – Acts 4 and 5)

Question 2.
Lorenzo : The moon shines bright: in such a night as this,
When the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees, .
And they did make no noise, in such a night
Troilus methinks mounted the Trojan walls,
And sigh’d his soul toward the Grecian tents,
Where Cressid lay that night.

(i) Who is the other person present? Where are they right now? What has brought them here?[2]
The other person present is Jessica, beloved of Lorenzo and the daughter of the Jewish moneylender, Shylock. Right now, both are in the garden of Portia’s palace in Belmont. Shylock’s hatred for Christians did not allow Lorenzo and Jessica to get married therefore, she fled from her father’s house with her Christian lover, Lorenzo.

(ii) In what mood is the speaker? What kind of a night is it? [2]
Lorenzo is in a very romantic mood. The night is moonlit and the sky is full of stars. There is sweet wind blowing and the trees are dancing in the breeze. The night is soft and quiet.

(iii) The speaker speaks of Troilus and Cressida. Who are they? Why is he reminded of them?[3]
Troilus was a Trojan warrior, who was separated from his beloved, Cressida, when she was taken into the enemy (Greek) camp. He is reminded of these two lovers because the night is romantic and apt for lovers to meet. The way he wants Jessica, even Troilus would be longing for Cressida.

(iv) Which other people are mentioned by the two people in conversation? Give details. [3]
The other couples mentioned by Lorenzo and Jessica are Pyramus and Thisbe, Dido and Aeneas, Medea and Jason. Thisbe, seeing the lion, ran and dropped her scarf. The lion mauled the scarf and seeing that bloody napkin, Pyramus thought that Thisbe was dead and he stabbed himself. The queen of Carthage, Dido, was deserted by her lover, Aeneas, so she stood at the sea-bank waving a willow. Medea, the enchantress, loved Jason so she restored his father back to youth.

Question 3.
Duke : I am sorry for thee : thou art come to answer
A stony adversary, an inhuman wretch
Uncapable of pity, void and empty From any dram of mercy.

(i) Who is ‘thee’ in the first line? Where are they and why? [2]
The ‘thee’ in the first line refers to Antonio. They are right now in the court for the case between Antonio and Shylock. Antonio has forfeited the bond so Shylock is liable to take a pound of flesh from Antonio’s body.

(ii) Who is being spoken about? Why is this person being described in such a manner? [2]
The duke is talking about Shylock, the Jewish moneylender. As Shylock is an unfeeling and ruthless Jew and his hatred for Antonio is so strong that he has forgotten humanity, and in spite of the duke begging for mercy for Antonio, he is not ready to give up his bond. His heart is filled with hatred with no place for mercy.

(iii) Who is the ‘adversary’ referred to here? What does the Duke mean by ‘stony adversary’ and ‘in human wretch’? [3]
The adversary referred to here is Shylock. By ‘stony adversary’ and ‘inhuman wretch’ the Duke means that Shylock is stone hearted and he does not possess the feelings of humanity.

(iv) Who are the other people present? Who enters the scene next? What are his demands and why? [3]
The other people present are Bassanio, Gratiano, Salerio and the officers of the court. Shylock enters the scene next. He only wants his bond and nothing else. He was offered twice the amount due, but he only wants a pound of Antonio’s flesh. His hatred for Antonio is so deep that nothing else can satisfy him but his life.

Section-C [10 Marks]
PROSE – SHORT STORIES
(Treasure Trove – A Collection of ICSE Poems and Short Stories)

Question 4.
A thousand forests had been crushed under the rain and grown up a thousand times to be crushed again. And this was the way life was forever on the planet Venus, and this was the schoolroom of the children of the rocket men and women who had come to a raining world to set up civilization and live out their lives.
“It’s stopping, it’s stopping!”
“Yes, yes!”

(i) Why were the children so excited? [2]
The children had been living on planet Venus where the sun shone once in seven years and it was the day when the sun was about to shine. Thousands upon thousands of days compounded and filled from one end to the other with rain, with the drum and gush of water with sweet crystal fall of showers and the concussion of storms so heavy they were tidal waves come over the islands.

(ii) What was the impact of the rain? [2]
The impact of the rain was very severe under which thousand forests had been crushed and many more grown thousand times to be crushed again. This was the way of life on the planet Venus forever. Also heavy concussion of storms led the tidal waves to come over the islands. The continuous downpour changed the air of the atmosphere that made everybody look dull and pale.

(iii) Why didn’t the children remember the sun? [3]
The children had been living on the planet where the sun shone only once in seven years and that day the rain stopped only for an hour. These children did not remember a day when there wasn’t rain. They were now all nine years old but there had been a day, seven years ago when the sun came out for an hour and showed its face to the shocking world, but they could not remember this as at that time they were only two years old.

(iv) What did the children dream about the sun? [3]
The children had almost lost the remembrance of sun. Sometimes at night, they dreamt and remembered gold or yellow crayon or a coin large enough to buy the world with. They thought they remembered blushing in the face, and warmness in the body, in the arms and legs and trembling hands.

Question 5.
I guessed that if Long won, it would add some new support to the Nazis’ Aryan-superiority theory. After all, I am a Negro. A little hot under the collar about Hitler’s ways. I determined to go out there and really show Der Fuhrer and his master race who was superior and who wasn’t.

An angry athlete is an athlete who will make mistakes, as any coach will tell you. I was no exception. On the first of my three qualifying jumps, I leaped from several inches beyond the take-off board for afoul. On the second jump, I fouled even worse. “Did I come 3000 miles for this ?” I thought bitterly. “To foul out of the trials and make a fool of myself? ”

(i) Why was Jesse not worried about Hitler’s declaration of the supremacy of Master’s race? [2]
Owens did not bother about the patriotic feelings which were running high in Germany. He had full faith in his capabilities. He had trained, sweated and disciplined himself for six years and what occupied his mind were games and games only. He thought only of taking one or two gold medals.

(ii) What surprised him? [2]
Jesse was surprised to see a tall boy hitting the pit at almost 26 feet on his practice leaps on the broad- jump trials. He was a German named Luz Long who was kept hidden by Hitler with the hope to win the jump. His marvelous performance in the trials startled Owens.

(iii) An angry athlete is an athlete who will make mistakes, as any coach will tell you. Justify this statement. [3]
Although Jesse Owens’ full concentration was on his game and winning the gold medal but he got distracted somewhat after seeing Luz Long’s performance. He thought that if he won, it would add support to Nazi’s Aryan-Superiority theory. He got irritated by this and thinking about this, he was filled with anger and fouled twice in the qualifying jumps.

(iv) What was the Nazi’s Aryan-superiority theory? [3]
Adolf Hitler believed in Aryan-superiority theory. According to him the athletes of Germany should be from Master race and would do better than other competent in the 1936 Berlin Olympics. The nationalistic feelings were at prime at that time.

Section-D [10 Marks]
POETRY
(Treasure Trove – A Collection of ICSE Poems and Short Stories)

Question 6.
The athletes had come from so many countries
To run for the gold, for the silver and bronze
Many weeks and months in training
All building up to the games.

(i) Where did the athletes ‘come from so many countries’? Why? [2]
The athletes came ‘from so many countries’ to the venue of the Special Olympics. The athletes reached there to win gold, silver and bronze medals for their performance.

(ii) What do the words ‘gold’, ‘silver’ and ‘bronze’ stand for in the extract? Do you think the contestants were prepared well for the event? Give a reason for your answer. [2]
The words ‘gold’, ‘silver’ and ‘bronze’ stand for gold medal, silver medal and bronze medal, respectively. These are the top three honours of any high-level sports competition. The contestants were certainly prepared well for the event. As the poet says, they had undergone months of rigorous training before the game started.

(iii) What event is referred to here by the poet? What kind of athletes were they? What was their aim? [3]
The event referred to here by the poet is a 100 metre-race in Special Olympics. This was the most important of all events. A large number of people came to watch that event. The athletes described in the poem were specially abled participants who had been selected for the 100 metre-race. Their aim was to win the gold, silver and bronze medals in the Special Olympics. These medals are tokens of top honours that are conferred on best performing athletes.

(iv) How had they prepared themselves for the special event? [3]
All the athletes had prepared rigorously for the special event. They had been trained by their coaches for several months. This training had boosted the level of their self-confidence so much that each of them wanted to achieve the best and reach the zenith of glory by winning the top honour of the game.

Question 7.
Abou Ben Adhem (may his tribe increase!)
Awoke one night from a deep dream of peace,
And saw, within the moonlight in his room,
Making it rich, and like a lily in bloom,
An angel writing in a book of gold:-

(i) Who was Abou Ben Adhem? What is meant by ‘may his tribe increase’? [2]
Abou Ben Adhem was an 8th century Sufi mystic of royal lineage from Balkh. He loved his tribesmen who treated him as their spiritual leader and pioneer. They followed his teachings based on great ideals and values such as peace, mutual harmony, and service of the deprived and downtrodden. ‘May his tribe increase’, used as a parenthesis here, basically implies a wish for the growth of people who followed his teachings and adopted the path shown by him.

(ii) Describe the phrase that has been used by the poet to describe the great charm of the angel? [2]
In this stanza, the poet uses the phrase Tike a lily in bloom’, to describe the great charm of the angel. This is an example of simile. In this figure of speech, something is compared with some other thing of a different type. Here, the poet compares the charm of the heavenly angel with the beauty of a blooming lily, which is a flower.

(iii) Describe the imagery of the scene. [3]
The imagery of the scene depicted in this stanza is profound and suggestive. The opening line introduces Abou Ben Adhem with a parenthesis that signifies his tall spiritual stature, faithfulness and devotion to great ideals and values. It is followed by the descriptions of his moonlit room and the otherworldly charm of the angel through images that are fascinating and comprehensible.

(iv) What does the last line mean here? [3]
It means that Abou Ben Adhem does not react like a common human to the presence of the angel. As he champions the great value of peace and has a great faith in God. He has done no wrong and so is not scared or frightened at the presence of the angel in his room. He is a brave person who can even face the most unusual things in life.

## ICSE Class 10 English Language Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

Maximum Marks: 40
Time: 1 1/2 Hours

Section-A
(Attempt all questions from this Section)

Question 1.
Write a composition (300-350 words) on any one of the following. [20]
(i) Write an original short story entitled ‘Man is often ruined by his pride’.
(ii) “Billions of dollars are spent every year by the world’s space agencies; this money does not bring us any direct benefit. Instead, we should pull the plug and spend it elsewhere.” Express your views either for or against this statement.
(iii) You were held up in a village railway station one night due to an accident. Give an account of your experience.
(iv) School is a temple of learning. But this belief is fast changing now. Keeping in view the trend adopted by the students of today, give your views on the statement.
(v) Study the picture given below. Write a story or a description or an account of what it suggests to you. Your composition may be about the subject of the picture or you may take suggestions from it.

MAN IS OFTEN RUINED BY HIS PRIDE
(i) Once there was a rich man living a prosperous and happy life with his family. He had nothing to worry about. Hence, he was filled with pride all the time. He had a beautiful wife who too took a great pride at her social status and beauty. He used to mock at people and make fun of them too. Pride is a paper-thin image, ready to be tom by the slightest impact. Same happened with the rich man too. The income tax department carried a sudden raid in his office. This mined him of his huge wealth accumulated by unfair means and it also spoiled his social image, for which he had a lot of pride. Not only that his wife got an unknown disease, she became bed-ridden too, unable to eat and move on her own. Her husband left no stone unturned to get her cure but all in vain. Gradually, she lost her health, beauty and also her job. These mishaps mined the rich man and his wife of all that they took pride at, whether health, beauty, social status or wealth.

Now he lead a life of a hard-working common man, struggling all the day long to manage his basic needs. They have by now realized that their negative pride on themselves led them to their disaster. Pride is one of the flaws of our race. Along with the wealth and all the material things, they lost their so-called friends and relatives too because such people don’t have real friends, as relationship issues are caused by pride. Though one can win an argument (because his pride persuades him) but hell loose a relation. Pride alters communication and connection.

One should not let the allure of a pristine image draw him into the pride slave cage. Prideful people are, ironically, the most likely ones to be stuck in mediocrity and image management. Therefore, it is better to stay humble and one will climb safely higher.

THE HUGE INVESTMENT IN SPACE AGENCIES FOR THE MOTION

(ii) Let’s begin with how much money is devoted to space exploration. Hundreds of billions! They are paid through grants and funding to and from government agencies. Space research programs are straining the government budget, jeopardising essential and more pertinent issues like education and healthcare which affect majority of the population especially in developing countries. Many accidents and problems happened in the space that require seven times more money to fix those problems, along with creating a loss to qualified space scientist or increasing the level of severity of pollution by debris of space garbage if fallen on earth.

Dedication could be focused on ending famine or developing the poor/underdeveloped countries. It could be used to increase the efforts to combat terminal illness or to battle pollution which is risking man’s existence today.

It’s our moral responsibility to preserve and beautify the Earth first. Poor literacy rates, unemployment due to lack of proper vocational training, poverty, homelessness in masses, crime control, law and justice departments need more attention.

When many people starve everyday and lots of people are deprived of basic amenities, space research seems a luxury we can’t afford. The government resources should be spent on something as basic and important as employable education. Maximum countries still lack the basic medical infrastructure. Governments should prioritise medical research and making healthcare accessible and far-reaching. To conclude, though space programs are essential for the advancement of science and technologies, a multitude of basic problems like education, medical and healthcare should be given a paramount importance. The budget devoted to space exploration is a wild dream. It is better to spend these amounts to relieve poverty in the world. Medical researches should be encouraged to create cheaper medical facilities for people in general or medicines for almost incurable diseases. In addition, we have to explore our planet and solve its problems before thinking of space invasion.

AGAINST THE MOTION

There has been a strong advocacy of the argument that exploring space is a waste of money and that there are more urgent needs to be addressed on Earth like improving literacy rates, reducing poverty, preventing environmental destruction and improving law and order. However, I completely disagree with this opinion for following reasons :

We depend on satellite technology for broadcasting and weather forecasting. Without satellites, we would not be able to follow global weather mishaps and then we will not be able to warn people of approaching storms or likewise.

We cannot foresee the distant future, so we ought to develop the capability to escape from the Earth. Gradually, we are learning how humans can survive for long periods in space and even travel to other planets in the future. If space exploration is halted, this valuable knowledge will never be acquired. Researches in space and its discoveries help us to develop such devices or technologies to preserve, improve and predict the level of destruction in environment globally and also its effect on human survival.

As far as the eradication of poverty or improving literacy is concerned; again it can be witnessed that the use of internet helps to create awareness among the masses towards their moral duty to help the needy people in getting literate or getting rid of poverty.

The government makes policies for improving law and order or solving other issues of society with the help of digitalization, which again is a contribution of space researches somewhere or the other. In conclusion, it can be safely asserted that though we face many serious problems on our planet, it is imperative that we continue to explore space. This will promote further technological advances. It will definitely provide a possible means to sort out these problems and make our Earth a better and prosperous place for all its inhabitants. Ideally, all nations should cooperate for the advancement of space research.

AN EXPERIENCE OF A VILLAGE

(iii) Like most of the travellers in India, I also have my shares of train journeys. I am sharing my strange experience of a halt at a village railway station one night. I remember the incident afresh as if it happened just a day ago. I was going to my friend’s house in another city.

I boarded the train at the outskirts of my city bound for the next city at the central railway station. It was evening and I was supposed to reach there by early morning next day. The train was flagged off on time and I settled down comfortably with a book. I shared the air-conditioned first class compartment with a couple and their children who were quite friendly. The Traveling Ticket Examiner (TTE) came around and checked the tickets.

I took my seat and enjoyed the sunset from the train. As it got darker I had my dinner and went to sleep. While I was fast asleep I felt a sudden jerk and jolted out of my berth seat. Before I could understand anything, grim darkness spread all around. What I could hear was only screaming of people and gruesome cries of children. I suddenly noticed emergency door near me and started kicking it with all possible force. Many of the passengers along with me pushed the door and luckily it opened. We escaped out. Then again I went inside to help people and I pulled out one old man half crushed under a seat. I also pushed another person who was bleeding profusely. I shouted at them to come out and jumped to find my belongings. We doubted whether it was a clash between two trains. There was no proper help or support from the railways.

All the surviving passengers were trembling out of fear. We needed a proper place to sleep and relax. But as I mentioned earlier it was a small village railway station which didn’t have even proper light system. A dim lantern was glowing like a firefly to dispel a bit of darkness of that very horrific gloomy night. We were trying to locate some place for our comfort. But we were assured that at this point of midnight in a village we won’t get any sort of help.

The guard of the station came to us and asked if we need anything. We were surprised to hear it. Then he said that on the station we cannot have any facility as it was an old small village railway station. He asked us to come to his village where there is open place to sleep and relax safely and also from there we may get various means of transport for city to continue or discontinue our journey. We all were happy to accompany him.

We agreed at his offer and received a warm welcome by the villagers. They offered us bed to sleep, in the morning we had a delicious and pure breakfast which made our day. I still remember that mouth watering taste of the food I ate there. After that, many of the passengers discontinued their journey and went back home by hiring a bus to the city. But I continued, as my destination wasn’t much far away. I took the guidance from the villagers for the further route and went away.

It was an experience I will cherish forever, a mixed feeling of fear, valour and warmth of humaneness. This not just changed my opinion of villagers but also rekindled my belief in humanity and the confidence in providence.

FAST CHANGING BELIEF : SCHOOL IS A TEMPLE OF LEARNING

(iv) School has been a temple of learning where students are involved in the learning process. It is a place where basic things like manners, discipline and punctuality are taught besides studies. The base or the foundation of one’s personality is developed in schools as a major part of childhood is spent in schools.

Nowadays, the schools exist no more as temple of learning. It is rather an institutional set up for profit of the investors/stake holders. So, it doesn’t care for student’s individual ability. They are in a hurry to complete the syllabus anyhow. Children with different mind-set absorb it as per their capacity, to which the school is not much concerned. It’s sad to bring to general notice that the “guru- shishya parampara” rarely exists in schools. The teachers are answerable to the management and the management focuses only on the statistics of successful students, no matter whether it’s cooked, forced or whether students really possess that level of knowledge which the school boasts in its brochures.

So, now the students are adopting a trend which is equally harmful for both the school as well as the students. Actually students these days take less interest in school teaching. Instead they prefer private coaching/tuitions near their houses for fetching marks. School has become a place to fetch grade cards for students. The technological revolution has made it even worse as students try to hunt answer/solution to their homework online. This has reduced the need to study the course book thoroughly. Hence, as far as knowledge in children is concerned it has synchronized merely to internet.

It’s an alarming time for the parents especially to take decisive measure towards reintroducing their children to thorough studies and avoid shortcuts like copy-paste from internet or hunting answers online. Equally the schools should also be awaken from just money-making to contributing precious knowledge in students who will become a better citizen to prosper the nation in future.

IMPACT OF FAMILY CONFLICT ON CHILDREN

(v) The picture in the given question reveals that a couple is fighting/quarrelling with each other and their kid who is hearing all the conflicts is bitterly annoyed to the extent that tears drop from his eyes. Conflict is a normal part of everyday experience. But the important thing is how the conflict is expressed and resolved and how it makes children feel. When parents have mild to moderate conflict that involves support and compromise and positive emotions, children develop better self-esteem and social skills. They enjoy increased emotional security and develop better relationships with parents. These things positively impact their school activity and have fewer psychological problems. The fights that actually help children having some of the following constructive features :
Problem solving, compromise, expressing positive feelings while facing conflicts, making supportive statements.
The fights that hurt kids and parents may have some or all of these negative features : Defensiveness, personal insults, verbal hostility.

Children’s emotional security as well as their relationship with the parents is affected by the relationship between the parents. Psychologists stress that a strong child-parent bond is the key to child’s developed mental health and social adjustment. Evidence has shown that headaches, abdominal pains and even reduced growth can be witnessed by the insecurity a child can feel by seeing their parents at war.

Children who lived with parents who constantly quarreled and fought had higher average cortisol levels than children who lived in more peaceful families. As a result, they frequently became tired and ill; they played less and slept poorly. Overall, children did not ever habituate, or “get used to,” the family stress. In contrast, when children experienced particularly calm or affectionate contact, their cortisol decreased.

Parents can get therapy to help them learn better ways to communicate. They can also handle disapproval, disappointment and exasperation with kindness. They can create an atmosphere of faith among each other to avoid critical situation of serious conflicts among them.

Question 2.
Select one of the following : [10]
(i) You, along with some of your friends, have visited a place of tourist interest recently. Write a letter to your uncle about the visit, describing the attractions of the place and its impact on you.
(ii) Write a letter to the editor of a national daily about the increasing level of noise pollution in the world. Suggest a few ways in which the menace of noise pollution can be controlled.
(i) C- 49, Kamla Nagar,
Delhi-110 007
26th May, 20XX
Dear Uncle,
Hope my letter finds you in the pink of your health. Today I am writing this letter to share one of my best experiences of a visit to a beautiful hill station with my friends. I had a long cherished desire to visit Darjeeling, a wonderful place of natural beauty. So, my joy knew no bounds when my parents allowed me for the trip with my friends.

We reached Darjeeling by Toy Train and lodged in a hotel for a week. From the first day we started going out for sight-seeing. I was greatly charmed by the scenic beauty of the mountain forests, and the sky-kissing peak of the snow-covered mountains. The tranquility of green and serene surrounding left us spell bound. We visited the attractive spots like the tea gardens, the Victoria Falls, the Lebong race-course, the highest race-course in the world. We also saw the ropeway from the North Point to the Rangit Valley. One dawn, we visited the Tiger Hill from where we had a wonderful view of the sunrise. It was a rare experience for us. The Mall was another attractive spot where we walked about in the afternoon. I can never forget the charming beauty of Darjeeling.
Please convey my sincere regards to aunty and lots of love to my lovely cousins.
Take care.
Yours lovingly,
Amrita

(ii) Block A-101, Surya Nagar,
Delhi-110 007.
28th September, 20XX.
The Editor,
The Times of India,
K.G.Marg,
New Delhi-110 001.
Dear Sir,
Through the esteemed column of your newspaper, I wish to create awareness among the public about noise pollution worldwide.
Today, noise pollution has become a threat to mankind. Increasing noise pollution is a big threat to the health and fitness of the people. If the noise pollution is allowed to go unchecked it may rob the people of their hearing capacity. Perhaps many of us are not aware that noise is a dangerous pollutant. It is all around us in the cities and towns in the form of traffic noise, domestic noise, manufacture and industrial noise, the rock and pop songs, the noise of the aeroplanes etc. All these noises disturb our tranquility, rest, functioning competence, etc., very adversely. It causes annoyance, irritation, sleeplessness, and many mental and physical ailments. Increasing number of vehicles on the roads, rising growth of factories, construction work, loudspeakers used on various occasions, rock and pop music, etc. are various factors responsible for causing noise pollution.
It is also harmful for physical and mental health of people. Frequent loud noise affects the working efficiency of the people.
Noise control laws are there but they are not of much use since they are not strictly followed and implemented by the concerned authorities. Only the increased public awareness can properly deal with the menace which is growing louder with the passage of time.
I hope this will awaken the people towards their role in making the environment free of excessive, harmful noise.
Thanking you,
Yours faithfully,
Rahul Morris

Question 3.
(i) You are Priya/Prem, the Cultural Secretary of S.K.M. Public School, Bengaluru. You have been asked to inform the students about a forthcoming Interschool Dramatics Competition. [5]
(ii) Write an e-mail, addressing teachers in-charge of different classes that will participate in the function. [5]
(i)
INTERSCHOOL DRAMATICS COMPETITION
Audition Round
on 3rd August, 20XX
from 9:00 a.m. to 3 p.m.
at Alaknanda Hall, S.K.M. Public School
Interested candidates may give their names to
Cultural Secretary Priya Singh on or before 31st July, 20XX.

(ii) To : (e-mail ids of class teachers in charge of classes IX to XII)
Cc : (e-mail ids of the Principal and other staff members concerned, if any)
Subject: Audition for Inter-school Dramatics Competition Dear Members of Teaching Faculty,
I wish to bring this to your attention that the Audition to select students for the school team, to represent in the Inter-school Dramatics Competition will be held on 17th September, 20XX in the School Auditorium from 10:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. The last date for giving names for the audition will be 3rd September, 20XX.
You are requested to kindly select the eligible candidates from your classes and hand over a list of the same latest by 7th September, 20XX.
Thanking you,
Yours sincerely,
Prem Rahane Cultural Secretary,
S.K.M Public School, Bengaluru

## ICSE Class 10 Computer Applications Sample Question Paper 18 with Answers

Maximum Marks: 50
Time: 2 Hours

Section – A [10 Marks]
Attempt all questions

Question 1.
Choose the correct answers to the questions from the given options. (Do not copy the question, write the correct answer only)
(i) Give the output of the following code :
int x=lnteger.parselnt(“670”) + Integer.parselnt (“70”);
System.out.println(x)
(a) 740
(b) 740.9
(c) 740.0
(d) None of these
(a) 740
Explanation:
Integer.parselnt(“670”) returns 670 and Integer.parselnt (“70”) returns 70, 670+70 = 740.

(ii) The output of the following statement is:
System.out.println(Character.isLetter(/a’) && Character.isUpperCase(‘t’));
(a) True
(b) False
(b) False
Explanation:
Character.isLetter(‘a’) returns “True”, Character.isUpperCase(‘t’) returns “False”, True && False gives False.

(iii) The algorithm in which the middle index is found and the array is divided into 2 halves to search for an element is called:
(a) Linear search
(c) Long search
(b) Data Search
(d) Binary search
(d) Binary search
Explanation:
In a binary search the middle index is found and the array is divided into 2 halves to search for an element.

(iv) Given a string str=CompuTerScieNceandENGINEERING”;
The output of str.substring(5,12) will return ………… characters
(a) 6
(b) 7
(c) 8
(d) 9
(b) 7
Explanation:
str.substring(5,12) returns characters from index 5 to 11 which are 7 characters.

(v) If str=”ZEBracrossing”, The statement System.out.println(str.substring(2,2).toLowerCase()); displays:
(a) b
(b) B
(c) e
(d) No output
(d) No output
Explanation:
str.substring(2,2) returns nothing as start and end index are same.

(vi) The output of the following code is:
String a=”45″,b=”55″;
String c = a+b +”10″
int m=lnteger.parselnt(a)
int n= Integer.parselnt(b)
System.out.println(m+n+Integer.parseInt(c)+””);
(a) 110
(b) 455510100
(c) 455610
(d) None of these
(c) 455610
Explanation :
The statement String c = a+b +”10″ creates c as concatenation of “45”,”55″ and “10 = 455510. The statement System.out.println(m+n+Integer.parseInt(c)+””); calculates 45 + 55 + 455510 = 455610.

(vii) 1. Given the following values of a and the method doubleLast what will the values of a be after you execute: doubleLast()?
private int[ ] a = {-10, -5,1, 4, 8, 30};
public void doubleLast()
{
for (int i = a.length / 2; i < a.length; i++)
{
a[i] = a[i] * 2;
(a) {-20,-10,2,8,16,60}
(b) {-20,-10,2,4,8,30}
(c) {-10,-5,1,8,16,60}
(d) {-10,-5,1,4,8,30}
(c) {-10, -5,1, 8,16, 60}
Explanation:
It loops from the middle to the end doubling each value. Since there are 6 elements it will start at index 3.

(viii) Given a string str= “SoftwareandHardware” The return type of str.length() + str.indexOf(‘w’) will be:
(a) float
(b) double
(c) int
(d) String
(c) int
Explanation :
str.length() returns the length of the string which is an integer and str.indexOf(‘w’) returns the first index of ‘w’ in the string. Sum of the two is an integer.

(ix) The output of the following code is:
public class numbers
{
public static void main(String[] args)
{
int arr[ {={5,10,15,20,25}; int s=0;
for(int i=0;i<arr.length;i++)
{
arr[i]=arr[i}-l;
s=s+arr[i];
}
System.out.println(s);
(a) 70
(b) 69
(c) 50
(d) 80
(a) 70
Explanation:
The loop subtracts 1 from each element of the array and sums each of them, which is printed.

(x) Given a string str = “Barrackpore”;
The statement str.substring(5).toUpperCase() returns:
(a) ckpore
(b) Barrac
(c) CKPORE
(d) ackpor
(c) CKPORE
Explanation:
str.substring(5) returns “ckpore” and toUpperCase() converts it to CKPORE

Section – B  (40 Marks)
Attempt any four questions

Attempt any four questions from this Section
The answers in this Section should consist of the Programs in either Blue J environment or any program environment with Java as the base. Each program should be written using Variable descriptions/Mnemonic Codes such that the logic of the program is clearly depicted. Flow-Charts and Algorithms are not required.

Question 2.
Write a program to accept 10 different decimal numbers (double data type) in a Single Dimensional Array (say, A). Truncate the fractional part of each number of the array A and store their integer part in another array (say, B).

import java.util.Scanner;
public class TruncateArray
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
double a[] = new double[10];
int b[] = new int[10];
System.out.println("Enter 10 decimal numbers");
for (int i = 0; i < a.length; i++)
{
a[i] = in.nextDouble();
b[i] = (int)a[i];
}
System.out.println( "Truncated numbers");
for (int i = 0; i < b.length; i++)
{
System.out.print(b[i] + ", ");
}
}
}

Question 3.
Write a program to input a sentence and display the word of the sentence that contains maximum number of vowels.
Sample Input: HAPPY NEW YEAR
Sample Output: The word with maximum number of vowels: YEAR

import java.util.Scanner;
public class MaxVowelWord
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.println("Enter a sentence:");
String str = in.nextLine();
str = str + " ";
String word = "",mWord = "";
int count = 0, maxCount = 0;
int len = str.length();
for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) { char ch = Character.toUpperCase(str.charAt(i)); if (ch = 'A' I I ch = 'E' I I ch = T I I ch = 'O' I I ch = 'U') { count++; } if (ch ='') { if (count > maxCount)
{
maxCount = count;
mWord = word;
}
word = "";
count = 0;
}
else
{
word += ch;
}
}
System.out.println("The word with maximum number of vowels: " + mWord);
}
}

Question 4.
Consider the sentence as given below:
Blue bottle is in Blue bag lying on Blue carpet
Write a program to assign the given sentence to a string variable. Replace the word Blue with Red at all its occurrence. Display the new string as shown below:
Red bottle is in Red bag lying on Red carpet

public class StringReplace
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
String str = "Blue bottle is in Blue bag lying on Blue carpet";
str += " ";
String newStr =" ";
String word = " ";
String target = "Blue";
String newWord = "Red";
int len = str.length();
for (int i = 0; i < len; i++)
{
char ch = str.charAt(i);
if (ch ='')
{
if (target.equals(word))
{
newStr = newStr + newWord + " ";
}
else
{
newStr = newStr + word + " ";
}
word = "";
}
else
{
word += ch;
}
}
System.out.println(newStr);
}
}

Question 5.
Write a program in java to initialize two arrays with 5 integers and merge them.

import java.util.Scanner;
public class Copy Array
{
public static void main(String[] args)
// array which should be merged
int srcl[] = {10,20, 30,40, 50);
int src2[] = {9,18, 27, 36, 45};
// create new array
int new Array [] = new int[srcl .length + src2.1ength];
// Copy first to new array from 0 to srcl.length
for(int i=0; i

Question 6.
Define a class to input numbers into an array and remove the odd elements, import java.util.Scanner;

public class Array
{
public static void main(String[] args)
{
Scanner scan = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.print("Enter size of the array: ");
int n = scan.nextlnt();
int numbers [] = new int[n];
System.out.println("Enter array elements: ");
for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)
{
numbers[i] = scan.nextlnt();
}
int newArr[] = removeOdd(numbers);
System.out.println("Array after removing odd numbers: " + Arrays.toString(newArr));
scan.close();
}
public static int[] removeOdd(int[] numbers)
{
int countEven = 0;
int even[] = null;
for (int i: numbers)
{
if (i % 2 = 0)
++countEven;
}
even = new int[countEven];
int i = 0;
for (int num : numbers)
{
if (num % 2 = 0)
{
// even
even[i++] = num;
}
}
return even;
}
}

Question 7.
A string is said to be ‘Unique’ if none of the letters present in the string are repeated. Write a program to accept a string and check whether the string is Unique or not. The program displays a message accordingly.
Sample Input: COMPUTER Sample Output: Unique String

import java.util.Scanner;
public class UniqueString
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.print("Enter a string: ");
String str = in.nextLine();
str = str.toUpperCase();
boolean isUnique = true;
int len = str.length();
for (int i = 0; i < len; i++)
{
char ch = str.charAt(i);
for (int j = i + 1; j < len; j++)
{
if (ch = str.charAt(j))
{
isUnique = false;
break;
}
}
if (lisUnique)
break;
}
if (isUnique)
System.out.println("Unique String");
else
System.out.println("Not Unique String");
}
}
ICSE Class 10 Computer Applications Question Papers with Answers

## ICSE Class 10 Computer Applications Sample Question Paper 17 with Answers

Maximum Marks: 50
Time: 2 Hours

Section – A [10 Marks]
Attempt all questions

Question 1.
Choose the correct answers to the questions from the given options. (Do not copy the question, write the correct answer only)
(i) The output of “VIDYALAYA.”substring(2,5) will result in.
(a) DYA
(b) DYAL
(c) YAL
(d) None of these
(a) DYA
Explanation:
substring(2,5) returns characters from index 2 to 4.

(ii) The replace() function requires at least parameters.
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 0
(b) 2
Explanation:
The replace() function requires at least 2 parameters, the character to be replaced and the replacement character.

(iii) ………….. and …………. are the numeric wrapper classes in java.
(a) String and Integer
(b) STRING and INTEGER
(c) Byte and Short
(d) Int and Byte
(c) Byte, Short
Explanation:
The numeric wrapper classes in Java are Byte, Short, Integer, Long, Float, Double,

(iv) The statement that converts the string object s=”400″ to integer “s_int” is ………….
(a) s_int=Integer.parse(s);
(b) s_int=Integer.Int(s);
(c) s_int=lnteger.parselnt(s);
(d) s_int=integer.parselnt(s);
(c) s_int=lnteger.parselnt(s);
Explanation:
The Integer class’s parselnt() method converts a string to integer.

(v) The trim() function removes spaces from:
(a) Left of a string
(c) Both sides of a string
(b) Right of a string
(d) Middle of a string
(c) Both sides of a string
Explanation:
The trim() function removes extra spaces from both sides of a string.

(vi) The function that checks whether a character is a tab space or not.
(a) isTabSpace()
(c) isWhiteSpace()
(b) isSpace()
(d) isWHITESpace()
(c) isWhiteSpace()
Explanation:
The isWhiteSpace() function checks whether a character carries a tab or a white space.

(v) Given an array ar[]={10,20,30,40,50}, the statement ar[3] – l will return:
(a) 30
(b) 40
(c) 39
(d) 10
(c) 39
Explanation:
ar[3] returns 40, so ar[3]-l will return 39

(vi) To add a value 5 to each element of an array myarr the expression myarr+5 is correct.
(a) True
(b) False
(b) False
Explanation:
In java, values cannot be added to array like this, we need a loop here.

(vii) Which of the following functions has a different nature?
(a) isLowerCase()
(b) isDigit()
(c) isUpperCase()
(d) toUpperCase()
(d) toUpperCase()
Explanation:
All the other functions check a value and return in Boolean True or False. toUpperCase() returns a char.

(viii) The maximum arguments that the indexOf() function can be provided with is:
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 4
(a) 1
Explanation:
The indexOf() function takes only 1 argument that is the character whose index is to be found.

Section – B  (40 Marks)
Attempt any four questions

Attempt any four questions from this Section
The answers in this Section should consist of the Programs in either Blue J environment or any program environment with Java as the base. Each program should be written using Variable descriptions/Mnemonic Codes such that the logic of the program is clearly depicted. Flow-Charts and Algorithms are not required.

Question 2.
Write a program to input a sentence. Find and display the following:
(i) Number of words present in the sentence
(ii) Number of letters present in the sentence
Assume that the sentence has neither include any digit nor a special character.

import java.util.Scanner;
public class WordsNLetters
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.println("Enter a sentence:");
String str = in.nextLine();
int wCount = 0,
ICount = 0;
int len = str.length();
for (int i = 0; i < len; i++)
{
char ch = str.charAt(i);
if (ch ='')
wCount++;
else
lCount++;
}
/*
* Number of words in a sentence are one more than
* the number of spaces so incrementing wCount by 1
*/
wCount++;
System.out.println("No. of words = " + wCount);
System.out.println("No. of letters = " + ICount);
}
}

Question 3.
Write a program in Java to accept a String in upper case and replace all the vowels present in the String with Asterisk (*) sign.
Sample Input: “RELIANCE INDUSTRIES”
Sample output: R*L**NC* *ND*STR**S

import java.util.Scanner;
public class VowelReplace
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.println("Enter a string in uppercase:");
String str = in.nextLine();
String newStr = "";
int len = str.length();
for (int i = 0; i < len; i++)
{
char ch = str.charAt(i);
if (ch == A' I I
ch = 'E' I I
ch = T I I
ch = 'O' I I
ch = 'U')
{
newStr = newStr + '*';
}
else
{
newStr = newStr + ch;
}
}
System.out.println(newStr);
}
}

Question 4.
Write a program in Java to enter a sentence. Frame a word by joining all the first characters of each word of the sentence. Display the word.
Sample Input: INDIAN SPACE AGENCY
Sample Output: ISA

import java.util.Scanner;
public class FrameWord
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.println("Enter a sentence:");
String str = in.nextLine();
String word = "" + str.charAt(O);
int len = str.length();
for (int i = 0; i < len; i++)
{
char ch = str.charAt(i);
if (ch =='')
word += str.charAt(i + 1);
}
System.out.println(word);
}
}

Question 5.
Write a program to accept a list of 20 integers. Sort the first 10 numbers in ascending order and next the 10 numbers in descending order by using ‘Bubble Sort’ technique. Finally, print the complete list of integers.

import java.util.Scanner;
public class BubbleSort
{
public static void main(String argsQ)
{
Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
int arr[] = new int[20];
System.out.println("Enter 20 numbers:");
for (int i = 0; i < arr.length; i++)
{
arr[i] = in.nextlntQ;
}
//Sort first half in ascending order
for (int i = 0; i < arr.length / 2 -1; i++)
{
for (int j = 0; j < arr.length / 2 - i -1; j++) { if (arr[j] > arr[j + 1])
{
int t = arr[j + 1];
arr[j + 1] = arr[j];
arr[j] = t;
}
}
}
//Sort second half in descending order
for (inf i = 0; i < arr.length / 2-1; i++)
{
for (int j = arr.length / 2; j < arr.length - i -1; j++)
{
if (arr[j] < arr[j + 1])
{
int t = arr[j + 1];
arr[j + 1] = arr[j];
arr[j] = t;
}
}
}
//Print the final sorted array System.out.println("\nSorted Array:");
for (int i = 0; i < arr.length; i++)
{
System.out.print(arr[i] + " ");
}
}
}

Question 6.
Write a program in Java to accept 20 numbers in a single dimensional array arr[20]. Transfer and store all the even numbers in an array even[ ] and all the odd numbers in another array odd[ ]. Finally, print the elements of both the arrays.

import java.util.Scanner;
public class EvenOddProgs
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
final int NUM_COUNT = 20;
Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
int i = 0;
int arr[] = new int[NUM_COUNT];
int even[] = new int[NUM_COUNT];
int odd[] = new int[NUM_COUNT];
System.out.println("Enter 20 numbers:");
for (i = 0; i < NUM_COUNT; i++)
{
arr[i] = in.nextlnt();
}
int eldx = 0,
oldx = 0;
for (i = 0; i < NUM_COUNT; i++)
{
if (arr[i] % 2 = 0)
even[eldx++] = arr[i];
else
odd[oldx++] = arr[i];
}
System.out.println("Even Numbers:");
for (i = 0; i < eldx; i++)
{
System.out.print(even[i] + " ");
}
System.out.println("\nOdd Numbers:");
for (i = 0; i < oldx; i++)
{
System.out.print(odd[i] + " ");
}
}
}

Question 7.
Write a program to store 20 numbers in a Single Dimensional Array. Now, display only those numbers that are perfect squares.

 n[0] n[1] n[2] n[3] n[4] n[5] n[16] n[l 7] n[18] n[19] 12 45 49 78 64 77 81 99 45 33

Sample Output: 49, 64, 81

import java.util.Scanner;
public class PerfectSquares
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
inf arr[] = new int[20];
System.out.println(,/Enter 20 numbers");
for (inf i = 0; i < arr.length; i++)
{
arr[i] = in.nextlnt();
}
System.out.println(//Perfect Squares are:");
for (inf i = 0; i < arr .length; i++)
{
double sr = Math.sqrt(arr[i]);
if ((sr - Math.floor(sr)) = 0)
System.out.print(arr[i] + ", ");
}
}
}
ICSE Class 10 Computer Applications Question Papers with Answers

## ICSE Class 10 Computer Applications Sample Question Paper 15 with Answers

Maximum Marks: 50
Time: 2 Hours

Section – A [10 Marks]
Attempt all questions

Question 1.
Choose the correct answers to the questions from the given options. (Do not copy the question, write the correct answer only)
(i) Each primitive data type belongs to a specific:
(a) block
(b) object
(c) wrapper class
(d) none of these
(c) Wrapper class
Explanation:
Each primitive data type has a canvas of wrapper class. The wrapper classes have associated functions to deal with the associated data types.

(ii) The process of restricting the free flow of data from the outside world is known as:
(a) Encapsulation
(b) Inheritance
(c) Function
(d) Class
(a) Encapsulation
Explanation:
The OOPs feature Encapsulation encapsulates data and functions of a class as one unit and shields them from the outside world.

(iii) Given array int x[] = {11, 22, 33, 44); the value of x[l+2] is .
(a) 11
(b) 22
(c) 33
(d) 44
(d) 44
Explanation:
x[1+2] means x[3], here x[3] is 44

(iv) Which of these is a wrapper for simple data type boolean?
(a) Bool
(b) Boolean
(c) True
(d) False
(b) Boolean
Explanation:
Boolean is the wrapper class for the Boolean primitive data type.

(v) Which of the following methods checks that a string starts with a particular string or not?
(a) Starts()
(b) Startswith()
(c) startsWith()
(d) StartsWith()
(c) startsWith()
Explanation:
The startsWith() function checks whether a string begins with a particular string or not and returns a boolean true or false.

(vi) Given a string str=”Publicaccess”;
To display the 3rd and 4th characters in uppercase the statement will be :
(a) System.out.println(str.substring(2,4).toUpperCase());
(b) System.out.println(str.substring(2,3).toUpperCase());
(c) System.out.println(str.substring(2).toUpperCase());
(d) System.out.println(str.substring(2,4).touppercase());
(a) System.out.println(str.substring(2,4).toUpperCase());
Explanation:
The substring(2,4) extracts characters from index 2 to 3 and toUpperCase() converts them to uppercase

(vii) To make accessibility to own class, classes of same package and child classes the access specifier should be:
(a) Private
(b) Public
(c) Protected
(d) Default
(c) Protected
Explanation:
The protected access specifier can be used to make accessibility to own class, classes of same package and child classes.

(viii) Given a string trn=”HimgiriExpress”, the statement that will show “EXPRESS” from the string will be:
(a) tm.right(4)
(b) tm.substring(7)
(c) tm.substring(7).toUpperCase()
(d) tm.right(7,16). toUpperCase()
(c) trn.substring(7).toUpperCase()
Explanation:
The tm.substring(7) returns the characters from index 7 to the end of the string i.e : ‘Express’ and the toUpperCase() function converts it to uppercase to return ‘EXPRESS’.

(ix) The output of the following code is :
public class myclass
{
public static void main(String []args)
{
String si = new String(“Ram”);
String s2 = new String(“Laxman”);
System.out.println(sl = s2);
}
}
(a) Ram
(b) Laxman
(c) RamLaxman
(d) False
(b) Laxman
Explanation:
s1 = s2 assigns s2 to si, which is then printed.

Section – B  (40 Marks)
Attempt any four questions

Attempt any four questions from this Section
The answers in this Section should consist of the Programs in either Blue J environment or any program environment with Java as the base. Each program should be written using Variable descriptions/Mnemonic Codes such that the logic of the program is clearly depicted. Flow-Charts and Algorithms are not required.

Question 2.
Define a class with an integer array to store 6 integers and a main function to accept 6 numbers in the array and swap the adjacent elements.
Example:

Input: Enter 6 numbers: 10 20 30 40 50 60
Output: After swap list are: 20 10 40 30 60 50
import java.util.Scanner;
class SwapNums
{
public static void main(String args[])
int i, t;
int arr[] = new int[6];
Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.print("Enter 6 numbers:");
for (i = 0; i < 6; i++)
{
arr[i] = sc.nextlnt();
}
i = 0;
while (i < 6 -1)
{
t = arr[i];
arr[i] = arr[i + 1];
arr[i + 1] = t;
i = i + 2;
}
System.out.print("After swap list are:");
for (i = 0; i < 6; i++)
{
System.out.print(" " + arr[i]);
}
}
}

Question 3.
Given the specification of the following class Student.
Class name: Student Data members
Roll integer
Name String
Termlmarks float
Term2marks float
Perc float
Member functions
getStudent() – To input student roll, name and marks in 2 terms and calculate percentage (Formula : Perc=(Terml+Term2)/2)
showStudent() – To display student name and percentage.
Define the class as per the specification.

class Student
{
int roll;
String name;
float termlmarks;
float term2marks;
float perc;
public void getStudent()
{
Scanner sc=new Scanner(System.in);
roll=sc.nextInt();
name=sc.nextLine();
termlmarks=sc. nextFloat();
term2marks= sc. nextFloat();
perc=(termlmarks + term2marks)/2;
}
public void showStudent()
{
System.out.println("Name :"+ name)
System.out.println("Percentage:"+perc);
}
}

Question 4.
Define a class to input a sentence and display the words that are palindromes. A palindrome is a word that is same as its reverse.

import java.util.Scanner;
public class PalinWords
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.println("Enter a sentence:");
String str = in.nextLine();
str = str + "
String word = "
int len = str.length();
for (int i = 0; i < len; i++)
{
char ch = str.charAt(i);
if (ch ='')
{
int wordLen = word.length();
boolean isPalin = true;
for (int j = 0; j < wordLen / 2; j++)
{
if (word.charAt(j) != word.charAt(wordLen -1 - j))
{
isPalin = false;
break;
}
}
if (isPalin)
System.out.println(word);
word ="";
}
else
{
word += ch;
}
}
}
}

Question 5.
Define a class to accept 10 strings and a search string. Search for the string and display whether found or not. If not found, display proper message.

import java.util.*;
class search
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
Scanner sc=new Scanner(System.in);
String [] str= new String[10];
int flag=0,i;
System.out.println("Enter 10 strings:");
for(i=0;i<10;i++)
str[i] = sc.nextLine();
System.out.println("Enter the name to search
String s=sc.nextLine();
for(i=0;i<10;i++)
{
if(s=stri])
{
flag=l;
break;
}
}
if(flag=l)
System.out.println("The name "+s+" Exists");
else
System.out.println("The name "+s+" does not Exist");
}
}

Question 6.
Define a class in java to input a sentence and a word and check whether the word is present in the sentence or not.

import java.util.Scanner;
public class check_words
{
public static void main(String[] args)
{
String sentence;
String word;
String w = "";
int len, i, f = 0;
Scanner obj= new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.println("Enter the sentence: "); // enter the sentence
sentence = obj.nextLine();
sentence = sentence + " ";
len = sentence.length();
System.out.println("Enter the word to be searched:"); // enter the word
word = obj.nextLine();
word = word.trim();
for(i=0;i<len;i++)
{
if(sentence.charAt(i)!='')
{
w = w + sentence.charAt(i); // to seperate each word
}
else
{
if(w.equals(word)){ // check whether the word is the input word
System.out.println(w+ "is contained in a sentence");
f=l;
break;
}
w=""; // to reset w to ""
}
if(f==0)
System.out.println(word+ "is not contained in a sentence");
}
}

Question 7.
Defne a class in Java to accept a String/Sentence and display the smallest and longest words present in the String.
Sample Input: “Rahul Dravid is a consistent player”
Sample Output: The longest word: Consistent
The smallest word: is

import java.util.*;
class FindMinMaxString {
public static void main(String args[])
{
String sen;
Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.println("Enter sentence :");'
sen=sc.nextLine();
findMethod(sen);
}
static public void findMethod(String s)
{
String str = s + " ";
char ch = ";
int len = str.length(), 1 = 0;
int min = len, max = 0;
String sword = lword = word = "";
for (int i = 0; i < len; i++)
ch = str.charAt(i);
if (ch !='')
{
word += ch;
}
//if ends
else
{
1 = word.length();
if (1 < min) { min = 1; sword = word; } //if ends if (1 > max)
{
max = 1; lword = word;
}
word ="";
}
System.out.println("Shortest word = " + sword + " with length " + min);
System.out.println("Longest word = " + lword + " with length " + max);
}
}
ICSE Class 10 Computer Applications Question Papers with Answers

## ICSE Class 10 Commercial Studies Sample Question Papers 2 with Answers

Maximum Marks: 40
Time: 1 1/2 Hours

Section-A [10 Marks]
(Attempt all questions from this Section)

Question 1.
(i) The full form of NEFT is:
(a) Non-Effective Foreign Transport
(b) National Emergency Financial Transfer
(c) National Electronic Funds Transfer
(d) New Emergency Fund Transmission
(c) National Electronic Funds Transfer
Explanation:
The full form of NEFT is National Electronic Funds Transfer.

(ii) This bank is considered to be the ‘Lender of the Last Resort’:
(a) The Central Bank
(b) State Bank of India
(c) Bank of Kashmir
(d) Indian Bank
(a) The Central Bank
Explanation:
The Central Bank of the country is considered to be the ‘Lender of the Last Resort’.

(iii) Opening Stock is a part of:
(b) Profit and Loss Account
(c) Balance Sheet
(d) None of these
Explanation:
Opening Stock is a part of the Trading Account. It is placed on the debit side of Trading Account.

(iv) A ……………. is a prediction about future events based on some scientific and mathematical tools.
(a) Forecast
(b) Estimation
(c) Vision
(d) Mission
(a) Forecast
Explanation:
A forecast is a prediction about future events based on some scientific and mathematical tools.

(v) This card provides a kind of loan to the user:
(a) Ration Card
(b) Identity Card
(c) Debit Card
(d) Credit Card
(d) Credit Card
Explanation:
Credit card provides a kind of loan to the user. A user can buy the goods and make the payments with the help of credit card even when he does not have any amount in his bank account.

(vi) When the employers go to the educational institutions for selecting the candidates then such kind of recruitment is known as:
(a) Gate hiring
(b) Casual callers
(c) Recommendation
(d) Campus Interview
(d) Campus Interview
Explanation:
When the employers go to the educational institutions for selecting the candidates then such kind of recruitment is known as Campus Interview.

(vii) …………. warehouses are those warehouses which are licensed by the Government to accept imported goods for storage before the payment of custom duties by importers of such goods.
(a) Bonded
(b) Private
(c) Special
(d) Classified
(a) Bonded
Explanation:
Bonded warehouses are those warehouses which are licensed by the Government to accept imported goods for storage before the payment of custom duties by importers of such goods.

(viii) The …………. is a forecast of total sales, expressed in terms of money and quantity.
(a) Material budget
(b) Purchase budget
(c) Sales budget
(d) Minor Budget
(c) Sales Budget
Explanation:
The sales budget is a forecast of total sales, expressed in terms of money and quantity.

(ix) This is a direct expense:
(b) Repair
(c) Carriage Inward
(d) Depreciation
(c) Carriage Inward
Explanation:
Carriage Inward is a direct expense. Direct expenses are all those expenses which are incurred for bringing the purchased goods to the go down or trading place of the trader.

(x) Those assets that are not assets in reality but are shown in the Balance Sheet on the asset side are known as .
(a) Good Assets
(b) Fictitious Assets
(c) Fixed Assets
(d) Normal Assets
(b) Fictitious Assets
Explanation:
Those assets that are not assets in reality but are shown in the Balance Sheet on the asset side are known as Fictitious Assets.

Section-B[30 Marks]
(Attempt any three questions from this Section)

Question 2.
(i) Write short notes on the following:[2]
(a) Employment exchanges
(b) Fraudulent practices
(ii) Give two objectives of the warehousing. [2]
(iii) Explain the utility of Budgeting. [3]
(iv) Distinguish between Trial Balance and Balance Sheet. [3]
(i)
(a) The Government has set up large number of employment exchanges throughout the country. Anyone looking for employment can get himself registered in the employment exchange. Employers notify the vacancies and the various exchanges refer suitable candidates for recruitment.

(b) Fraudulent practices refer to any act of omission or misrepresentation that misleads or attempts to mislead a party to obtain a financial or other benefit or to avoid an obligation. For example, stealing credit card information, forging the signature or manipulating a document falls under fraudulent practices.

(ii) The objectives of warehousing are:

1. To protect all goods in warehouse against losses, and
2. To provide prompt delivery of goods.

(iii) Following can be said about the utility of budgeting:
1. Provides Goals: A budget is a planning tool. It helps in fixing the goals in physical and financial terms. This helps the employees to understand their roles and responsibilities precisely, by which they can take decisions to attain the set objectives.

2. Co-ordinates Efforts: A budget helps to co-ordinate the efforts of various divisions and departments. It is possible to fix the divisional or departmental targets so that all divisions or departments may work harmoniously to achieve the set goals.

3. Provides Control Yardstick: A budget performs as a control tool by laying down performance goals. Performance of various managers, divisions and departments is evaluated, against the budget. This is done by finding out the difference between the budgets and actuals and analysing the results thereof.

(iv) The differences between Trial Balance and Balance Sheet is following:

 Trial Balance Balance Sheet Objectives Trial balance is prepared with an objective to check mathematical accuracy of ledger. Objective of balance sheet preparation is to ascertain financial position of the business at a particular date. Sides It has debit and credit columns to show the amounts. It has assets and liabilities sides. Part of final accounts Trial Balance is not a part of final accounts. Balance Sheet is a part of final accounts.

Question 3.
(i) What is Causa Proxima principle or Proximate Cause? [2]
(ii) Explain permanence order of Balance Sheet. [2]
(iii) Describe any three types of selection tests. [3]
(iv) Explain any three functions of a central bank. [3]
(i) The principle of Causa Proxima says that the insured can recover the loss from insurer only if it is proximately caused by any of the perils (fire, storm, burglary, earthquake, injury, explosion etc.) insured against.

(ii) According to permanence order, in assets side, first of all intangible and fixed assets, such as goodwill, patent, building etc., are shown. After fixed assets, investments are shown and at the end, current assets, such as bank balance, cash in hand etc., are shown. Similarly in liabilities side, first of all, capital is shown and then long term liabilities, such as bank loan and at the end, current liabilities, such as bills payable, bank overdraft etc., are displayed.

(iii) Following are the three types of selection tests:
1. Intelligence Tests: These tests are used to measure a person’s capacity for reasoning and comprehension in terms of his memory, mental alertness, vocabulary, and grasping capacity. A candidate’s IQ or mental alertness can be estimated through intelligence tests.

2. Aptitude Tests: Aptitude means the potential which an individual has for learning the skills required to do a job efficiently. Aptitude tests measure an applicant’s capacity and his potential for development.

3. Proficiency Tests: Proficiency tests seek to measure the skill and abilities which the candidate already possesses at the time of testing. Trade tests or skill tests are examples of proficiency tests. They determine whether the claims made by the candidate about his skills and abilities are proved by his actual test performance.

(iv) Following are the three functions of a central bank:
1. Monopoly of Note-Issue: The Central Bank has the monopoly to issue currency notes. For issuing notes, the Central Bank keeps reserves of gold and silver and foreign securities in a minimum proportion to inspire confidence among the people in the paper currency.

2. Custodian of Foreign Currency: This is one of the most important functions of the central bank of a country. The reserves with central bank are utilized for making payments to foreign countries. The inflow and outflow of foreign exchange depends upon whether the position of balance of payments is favourable or otherwise.

3. Credit Control: This is the most important functions of the central bank. For the stabilized and smooth working of economy of the country, it is very essential to regulate the credit granting capacity of the entire banking system. This task is assigned to the central bank of the country.

Question 4.
(i) What are fixed assets? [2]
(ii) What do you understand by cash budget? [2]
(iii) Explain three differences between Recruitment and Selection. [3]
(iv) Describe any three types of insurance. [3]
(i) Fixed assets are those assets which are of durable nature and which help the owner of the business for further production or operation of the business for a number of years. They are not intended for resale but are purchased for permanent use. These include plant, machinery, furniture, buildings, motor lorries, land, patent, leasehold land, etc. Fixed assets are also known as ‘Capital Assets’ or ‘Long-term Assets’.

(ii) Cash budget is an estimate of Cash Receipts and Payments during a particular period. It is very important to have sufficient cash in hand to run day to day operations. A business has to deal in cash as well as credit. So sometimes it pays money immediately and sometimes pays it after sometimes on purchase and other business expenses. Similarly, sometimes it receives cash immediately and sometimes after a time period from sales and debtors. So it is required to estimate the receipt and payments in advance to avoid liquidity crunch.

(iii) Following are the three differences between recruitment and selection:

 Points of Differences Recruitment Selection Meaning It refers to the searching of prospective employees and motivating them to apply for jobs. It refers to the choosing the right candidates having necessary qualifications. Nature Recruitment is the Positive process. Selection is the Negative process. Aim Its aim is to create a large pool of candidates. Its aim is to eliminate all unsuitable candidates.

(iv) Following are the three types of insurance:

1. Life Insurance: In life insurance contract, a person is insured against untimely death. The amount becomes payable on the death of the assured or on the expiry of a certain fixed period, whichever is earlier.

2. Health Insurance: In the recent years, the cost of quality healthcare has become very costly. So, to provide health cover to the general public, general insurance companies have started to provide health insurance which provides compensatory cover to insured against variety of diseases and ailments.

3. Fire Insurance: Fire insurance covers losses caused by fire. A fire insurance is an agreement between the two parties, i.e., insurer and insured, whereby the insurer undertakes to indemnify the loss suffered by the insured due to fire.

Question 5.
(i) What is Public Warehouse? [2]
(iii) What are the merits of external source of recruitment? [3]
(iv) Describe any three differences between Shares and Debentures. [3]
(i) A public warehouse is one which provides storage facility to any member of the public in consideration of charges. Public warehouses are considered to be public utilities. They are organised to provide storage service and facilities to the retailers, wholesalers, stockists or even general public in return for a storage fee or charge.

(ii) RTGS stands for Real Time Gross Settlement. It is a fund transferring facility provided by the commercial banks to their customers. This facility involves continuous settlement of fund transfers individually on an order by order basis in the ‘Real Time’, means immediately without any time lapse. This facility is primarily meant for electronic transfer of large amounts.

(iii) Following are the merits of external sources of recruitment:
1. Wider Choice: Selection from external sources facilitates the choice of personnel from among a large number of applicants. The enterprise can carefully weigh the plus and minus points of all the candidates and then select the best.

2. Fresh Outlook: The enterprise greatly benefits from the freshness of outlook and approach of personnel chosen from external sources. This is because they are without any in-built preferences and prejudices so common in the case of personnel promoted or transferred to fill the vacancies internally.

3. Variety of Experiences: When an organization thinks of selecting external candidates, it ultimately improves the reservoir of diverse experiences which may prove helpful in solving such problems which the organization has not encountered so far.

(iv) Following are the three differences between shares and debentures:

 Basis of Difference Shares Debentures Representation Shares represent the capital of the company. Debentures represent the debts of the company. Status of Holder Equity share holders are the owners of the company. Debenture holders are creditors of the company. Form of Return Shareholders get the dividend. Debenture holders get interest.

Question 6.
(i) What is Preference Share? [2]
(ii) What are Outstanding expenses? [2]
(iii) Use the following Trial Balance to complete the Final Accounts of KGF Group for the year ending March 31, 2021. [6]

(i) Preference shares are those shares which carry preferential rights over equity shares in the case of dividend and repayment of capital in the event of winding up of a company. But, the preferential share holder does not have voting rights.

(ii) The expenses which have been incurred during the year but have not been paid by the closing date are known as outstanding expenses. The examples are Telephone Bill, Municipal Corporation Tax, salaries due etc.

(i) Opening Stock – ₹ 2,00,000
(ii) Closing Stock – ₹ 4,00,000
(iii) Gross Profit – ₹ 8,20,000 Profit and Loss Account
(iv) Net Profit – ₹ 4,80,000 Balance Sheet
(v) Creditors – ₹ 1,00,000
(vi) Debtors – ₹ 6,00,000

## ICSE Class 10 Commercial Studies Sample Question Papers 2 with Answers

Maximum Marks: 40
Time: 1 1/2 Hours

Section-A [10 Marks]
(Attempt all questions from this Section)

Question 1.
(i) Insurance is a contract between two parties by which one of them undertakes to ……….. the other against a loss which may arise on the happening of some event.
(a) Indemnify
(b) Console
(c) Sympathizes
(d) Threaten
(a) Indemnify
Explanation:
Insurance is a contract between two parties by which one of them undertakes to indemnify the other against a loss which may arise on the happening of some event.

(ii) …………… is the process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organization.
(a) Training
(b) Recruitment
(c) Promotion
(d) Demotion
(b) Recruitment
Explanation:
Recruitment is the process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organization.

(iii) The primary function of a …………………. is the storage of surplus goods.
(a) Warehouse
(b) Currency chest
(c) Water tank
(d) Field
(a) Warehouse
Explanation:
The primary function of a warehouse is the storage of surplus goods.

(iv) This bank is considered to be the custodian of foreign exchange reserve:
(a) State Bank of India
(b) Punjab National Bank
(c) Indian Bank
(d) Reserve Bank of India
(d) Reserve Bank of India
Explanation:
Reserve Bank of India is the Central Bank of the country. That is why Reserve Bank of India is considered as the custodian of foreign exchange reserve.

(v) It can be defined as the unforeseen element which may impede your progress in achieving the objective:
(a) Disease
(b) Strength
(c) Risk
(d) Planning
(c) Risk
Explanation:
Risk can be defined as the unforeseen element which may impede your progress in achieving the objective.

(vi) This item is generally shown both in the trading account and balance sheet of a firm:
(a) Cash
(b) Closing stock
(c) Carriage inward
(d) Salary
(b) Closing stock
Explanation:
Closing stock is generally shown both in the trading account and balance sheet of a firm.

(vii) This budget is a consolidated summary of the various functional budgets:
(a) Master budget
(b) Junior budget
(c) Senior budget
(d) Superior budget
(a) Master budget
Explanation:
Master budget is a consolidated summary of the various functional budgets. It is the culmination of the preparation of all other budgets, like the sales budget, production budget, purchase budget etc.

(viii) This type of recruitment is made by labour officers. Generally, workers gather at factory gate or they are called through notice:
(a) Employment exchange
(b) Recommendations
(c) Placement agencies
(d) Gate hiring
(d) Gate hiring
Explanation:
Under Gate hiring, generally, workers gather at factory gate or shop or they are called through notice pasted at the gate of the factory of shop.

(ix) IMPS stands for:
(a) Installment Money Payment Service
(b) Immediate Payment Service
(c) Immobile Procurement Service
(d) Immovable Property Station
(b) Immediate Payment Service
Explanation:
Immediate Payment Service (IMPS) is an instant interbank electronic fund transfer service which is carried out through mobile phones.

(x) This market acts as the link between the borrowers and lenders of long term funds:
(a) Factor market
(b) Vegetable market
(c) Capital market
(d) Money market
(c) Capital market
Explanation:
Capital market facilitates the borrowing and lending of long term funds through the transactions in shares and debentures etc.

Section-B[30 Marks]
(Attempt any three questions from this Section)

Question 2.
(i) What do you understand by forecast? [2]
(ii) What is Credit Card fraud? [2]
(iii) Write any three characteristics of a Warehouse. [3]
(iv) Describe the main items to be shown on the debit side of Trading Account. [3]
(i) A forecast is a prediction about future events based on some scientific and mathematical tools. In business, it is associated with the scientific assessment of future business activities. It is a planning tool for a business.

(ii) A credit card fraud refers to the unauthorized and illegal use of someone’s credit card by cloning it or by stealing personal information regarding the card from credit card holder for the purchase of goods and services or transfer of money to unauthorized person or bank account. The credit card fraud is punishable crime.

(iii) Following are the three characteristics of a warehouse:
1. Sufficient Space: Warehouse is a place used for the storage or accumulation of goods. Thus it needs a sufficient space to store maximum goods.

2. Safety: Warehouse should be established at that place where there is no possibility of deterioration of goods. In other words, they should be built strong to be safe from pilferage’s, theft, dacoities, rain, dust, sun, and natural calamities.

3. Proper Supervision: Warehouse should be properly supervised for the proper movements of the goods and to avoid the possibility of deterioration of the goods.

(iv) Following are the main items to be shown on the debit side of trading account:
1. Opening Stock : Closing Stock of the previous accounting year is the opening stock for the current year which is shown in the debit side

2. Purchases: It includes purchases of raw material, semi-finished goods or finished goods during the accounting year in cash and on credit for the purpose of further processing and/or sale. It is shown in the debit side of trading account.

3. Direct Expenses : All the expenses incurred for bringing the purchased goods to the godown of the trader or trading place are known as direct expenses, e.g., carriage inward, brokerage and commission on purchases, wages, import duty, octroi etc.

Question 3.
(i) What do you understand by Stress Interview? [2]
(ii) Write short notes on the following: [2]
(a) Private Warehouse
(iii) Write any three merits of internal source of recruitment. [3]
(iv) What is Banker’s Bank function of a Central Bank? [3]
(i) Stress interview is held to see how tolerant and patient a candidate is. The candidates are asked awkward questions and it is seen how they react to such questions. If they do not lose their balance of mind, they prove their worth as suitable candidates.

(ii)
(a) Private Warehouse: Private warehouses are owned by the traders or manufacturers to store own
manufactured or bought goods, until they are sold out. Since these warehouses are operated for own purposes, their services are not available to other manufacturers.

(b) Premium: Premium refers to the non-refundable amount paid by an insured to the insurer or insurance company for providing insurance cover against some risk of the insured.

(iii) Following are the three merits of internal source of recruitment:
1. Economical: Internal source is economical because the enterprise is not required to incur expenses on recruitment from outside the organisation. There are lesser number of candidates who are known and the most suitable candidate is selected according to merit or seniority or both.

2. Familiarity with Policies: The present employees are aware of the policies, plans, culture and the actual working conditions of the enterprise, so they are not required to waste time in necessary adjustments.

3. Employee’s Morale: Promotion from within, increases employees’ morale. The policy of internal promotions makes them enthusiastic and optimistic and they contribute their best efforts and energies.

(iv) The central bank is the bank for all the commercial banks in the country. In other words, the relations of central bank with other banks of the country are similar to those of a bank with its customers. As a matter of legal obligation, the commercial banks have to keep certain portion of their deposits with the central bank, as cash reserves. These cash reserves enable the central bank, to exercise control of the issue of credits by the commercial banks, thereby keeping entire credit system elastic.

As a banker’s bank, the central bank also allows the facility of short term loans and discounting of the bills to the commercial banks. The central bank by notification also advises the commercial banks of the country in matters relating to their business, like fixation of the rate of interests on deposits and loans, etc.

Question 4.
(i) What are indirect expenses? [2]
(ii) What is Overdraft? [2]
(iii) Differentiate between Budget and Forecast. [3]
(iv) Write about the importance of Insurance. [3]
(i) Indirect expenses are those expenses which are related to running of the organization and sale of the goods. These include administrative expenses such as salary of employees, rent of office building, printing, stationery, postage, internet and telephone expenses etc.; selling and distribution expenses such as warehouse expenses, advertisement expenses, commission of sales representative, freight and cartage on sales, packing expenses etc.

(ii) The overdraft is a facility allowed to the depositor maintaining a current account with the bank. According to this facility, a borrower is allowed to withdraw more amount than what he has in his current account. The excess amount so withdrawn has to be repaid to the bank in a short period with interest.

(iii) The difference between budget and forecast is given below:

 Budget Forecast Budget shows the policy and programme to be followed in a future period under planned conditions. Forecast is a mere estimate of what is likely to happen. It is a statement of probable events which are likely to happen under anticipated conditions during a specified period of time. It begins when forecasting ends. Forecasts are converted into budgets. Forecasting is a preliminary step for budgeting. It ends with the forecast of likely events. It is usually planned separately for each accounting period. It may cover a long period or years.

(iv) Following is the importance of Insurance:
1. Removing Fear: There is always a fear of accidental losses in business. Insurance helps to remove such fear from the mind of the businessmen. The insured is secured in the knowledge that the protection of the insurance fund is behind him if some bad event happens. Hence, It creates confidence and eliminates worries.

2. Distribution of Burden: The fundamental principle of insurance is to spread risk among a large number of people. A large number of people get insurance policies and make the payment of small premiums to the insurance company which creates a pool out of which the loss of policy holder is compensated. Hence, the burden gets shared by a large number of policy holders.

3. Removal of Uncertainties: Insurance Company undertakes the risks of uncertain losses of an insured. Though the possibility of uncertain loss cannot be eliminated altogether but insurance cover provides a certainty of compensation to the insured in case of any loss.

Question 5.
(i) What is a share? [2]
(ii) What is marine insurance? [2]
(iii) Why do you think that effective selection of employee is important? [3]
(iv) Differentiate between Central Bank and the Commercial Bank. [3]
(i) A share is a unit of a firm’s capital. The total capital of a company is divided into several units of equal value and each unit is called a share.

(ii) It is one of the oldest forms of insurance. It covers all marine losses i.e., the losses incidental to marine adventure. Marine insurance may be called a contract whereby the insurer undertakes to indemnify the insured in a manner and to the extent thereby agreed upon against marine losses.

(iii) The effective selection of employees is important due to the following reasons:

An effective selection helps is finding out right candidates and building up the suitable work force.
A right selection results in the low absenteeism a high employee retention.
It results into higher efficiency and maximum production at minimum cost.

(iv) Following are the differences between central bank and commercial bank:

 Central Bank Commercial Bank The central bank is the apex monetary institution which has been specially empowered to exercise control over the banking system of the country. A commercial bank is a constituent unit of the banking system. The central bank does not operate with a profit motive. A commercial bank is normally guided by profit motive. The central bank has the monopoly of issuing notes. A commercial bank does not enjoy such right.

Question 6.
(i) What is false accounting?[2]
(ii) Write short notes on the following:[2]
(a) Sales Budget
(b) Demotion of Employees
(iii) Use the following Trial Balance to complete the Final Accounts of Ms. R. International for the year ending March 31, 2021.[6]

(i) False accounting refers to the presentation of false information by changing or manipulating the figures in the books of account or records by the business entities. The false accounting is a big cause for black money generation.

(ii)
(a) The sales budget is a forecast of total expected sales, expressed in terms of money and quantity. The first step in the preparation of the sales budget is to forecast as accurately as possible the sales anticipated during the budget period.

(b) Demotion is the process of placing a senior employee to lower level responsibilities and lower ranks as punishment. Demotion shacks the morale and self-respect of employees and acts as the negative motivation.

(i) Purchases Return – ₹ 2,500
(ii) Closing Stock – ₹ 1,00,000
(iii) Carriage Inwards – ₹ 2,500
(iv) Gross Profit – ₹ 2,05,000 Profit and Loss Account
(v) Carriage Outwards – ₹ 10,000
(vi) Net Profit – ₹ 1,20,000

## ICSE Class 10 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

Maximum Marks: 40
Time: 1 1/2 Hours

Section-A [10 Marks]
(Attempt all questions from this Section)

Question 1.
Name the following by choosing the correct answers to the questions from the given options. (Do not copy the question, Write the correct answer only.)
(i) Leucocytes are white blood corpuscles. Functions of leucocytes are:
(a) Phagocytosis and inflammation
(b) Formation of antibodies
(c) Transport
(d) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Both (a) and (b)
Explanation:
Leucocytes are white blood cells involved in body defence. Functions of leucocytes are phagocytosis, inflammation, and formation of antibodies.

(ii) Thirst, sweat and hunger are controlled by:
(a) Hypothalamus
(b) Mid brain
(c) Cerebrum
(d) Medulla
(a) Hypothalamus
Explanation:
Hypothalamus is a part of the (Fore brain). It controls the hormonal secretions from endocrine glands. Hormone secreted from posterior pituitary gland are released through it. This is the centre of hunger, thirst, body temperature control, love, hate etc. Blood pressure, metabolism of water, sweat, anger, joy etc. are controlled by it.

(iii) Sclera is covered by a thin transparent membrane called _________.
(a) Retina
(b) Iris
(c) Ciliary muscle
(d) Conjunctiva
(d) Conjunctiva
Explanation:
Near the front of the eye, in the area protected by the eyelids, the sclera is covered by a thin, transparent membrane (conjunctiva), which runs to the edge of the cornea. The conjunctiva also covers the moist back surface of the eyelids and eyeballs.

(iv) Coordination and control of reflex actions is function of:
(a) Pons
(b) Medulla
(c) Brain
(d) Spinal cord
(d) Spinal cord
Explanation:
Posterior region of the medulla oblongata forms the spinal cord, coordination and control of reflex actions i.e it works as the centre carries the wave coming out of brain.

(v) Ultrafiltration occurs in:
(a) Bowman’s capsule
(b) Proximal convoluted tubule
(c) Henle’s loop
(d) Distal convoluted tubule
(a) Bowman’s capsule
Explanation:
Ultrafiltration is one of the major step for the formation of urine. Blood flows through Bowman’s capsule under great pressure. This happens because efferent (outgoing) arteriole is narrower than afferent (incoming) arteriole. This high pressure causes liquid part of blood to filter out from glomerulus into renal tubule. This process is called ultrafiltration.

(vi) pH of normal urine is:
(a) 4.5 to 7
(b) 3 to 8
(c) 5 to 8
(d) 7 to 8
(c) 5 to 8
Explanation:
The pH of normal urine is 5 to 8.

(vii) Cranial nerves:
(a) Consist of 12 pairs of nerves
(b) Found at dorsal surface of the brain
(c) It carries information from spinal nerve to other body part
(d) It is part of central nervous system
(a) Consist of 12 pairs of nerves
Explanation:
Cranial nerve is the nerve which exit from the cranium of the brain. Cranial nerve are 12 pairs of nerves which are found on the ventral (bottom) surface of the brain. Cranial nerves relay information between the brain and part of the body, primarily to and from regions of the head and neck. It is part of Peripheral nervous system.

(viii) The main function of pancreas as an endocrine gland in human body:
(a) Help in digestive system
(b) Regulate blood sugar levels
(c) Regulate the iron concentration
(d) Control other hormones
(b) Regulate blood sugar levels
Explanation:
Regulate the blood sugar level is main function of pancreas as an endocrine gland in human body.
Pancreas is both an endocrine gland as well as exocrine gland. It secretes 3 hormones, that is,
Insulin: Checks rise of sugar level in blood.
Glucagon: Stimulates breakdown of glycogen in liver to glucose, thereby raising sugar levels.
Somatostatin: Regulatory hormone which inhibits secretion of insulin and glucagon.

(ix) In Human brain memory power is found in:
(a) Medulla oblongata
(b) Cerebrum
(c) Thalamus
(d) Cerebellum
(b) Cerebrum
Explanation:
Cerebrum is the largest part of fore brain. It is the most developed part of the brain. Cerebrum acts as the centre of wisdom, memory, will power, movements, knowledge and thinking. It also functions as the analysis and cordination of muscular movement received from sensory organs.

(x) Jelly-like fluid present in the eye called:
(a) Pupil
(b) Posterior chamber
(c) Vitreous humor
(d) Retina
(c) Vitreous humor
Explanation:
The back section (posterior segment) extends from the back surface of the lens to the retina. It contains a jellylike fluid called the vitreous humour.

Section-B
(Attempt any three questions from this Section)

Question 2.
(i) Explain the term ‘Endocrine Glands’. Give any two examples. [2]
(ii) Give the location of ‘Hepatic portal vein’. What is its function? [2]
(iii) Given below is the diagram of the human heart. Label the parts 1-7. [3]

(iv) Give biological terms for:
(a) Short sightedness
(b) Far sightedness
Also state how these defects can be corrected. [3]
(i) Endocrine glands are ductless glands which pour secretions, known as ‘hormones’ directly into blood which are further transported to the target organs. Examples of some endocrine glands are: Thyroid glands, Adrenal glands. Pituitary gland etc.

(ii) Location: Between alimentary canal and liver.
Function: Hepatic portal vein drains the digestive tract and efficiently transports nutrients into the liver. Once these are processed, they are released in normal circulation by liver through hepatic vein.

(iii) 1. Aorta
2. Left atrium
3. Left ventricle
4. Dorsal aorta
5. Inferior vena cava
6. Superior vena cava
7. Pulmonary artery.

(iv) (a) Myopia- Can be corrected by using a biconcave lens.
(b) Hypermetropia- can be corrected using a biconvex lens.

Question 3.
(i) Mention differences between Blood and Lymph. [2]
(ii) Give the location of Pulmonary Vein. State its function. [2]
(iii) Draw a labelled diagram of the human kidney as seen in a longitudinal section. [3]
(iv) What is dialysis? Under what conditions is it carried out? [3]
(i) Differences between Blood and Lymph.

 Blood Lymph (i) Blood contains plasma, RBCs, VVBCs and platelets. Lymph contains only the soluble parts of plasma. (ii) It contains albumin, globulin and fibrinogen. It does not contain these substances. (iii) It is an opaque, red coloured fluid of alkaline nature. It is a colourless fluid resembling blood in other respects.

(ii) Location: Arises from lungs and pours blood into the left auricle
Function: Brings oxygenated blood from lungs to the heart for circulation throughout the body.

(iii) Labelled diagram of the human kidney as seen in a longitudinal section.

(iv) The process of removing nitrogenous waste from the body by artificial means is known as dialysis. When both the kidneys fail to work, the dialysis machine is used. The patient’s blood is led from the radial artery in his arm through the machine where the urea and excess salts are removed and the purified blood is returned to a vein in same arm. In case of permanent damage to the kidneys, dialysis has to be repeated for about 12 hours twice a week.

Question 4.
(i) Give reason why: A matured mammalian erythrocyte lacks nucleus and mitochondria. [2]
(ii) Give the exact location of the Pituitary gland. [2]
(iii) Mention and describe the functions of any three hormones secreted by the Anterior Pituitary. [3]
(iv) What is the contraction phase of auricles called? Name the valves which open during this phase. [3]
(i) Loss of nucleus gives RBCs a biconcave shape thus increasing their surface area volume ratio for absorbing more oxygen. RBCs do not have mitochondria so that they cannot use oxygen for themselves. All oxygen can be efficiently transported without any consumption by RBCs and delivered to the tissues. Thus for their efficient function matured mammalian RBCs lack nucleus and mitochondria.

(ii) Pituitary gland is a small projection ( about the size of a pea) which hangs from the base of the mid¬brain below the hypothalamus.

(iii) Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)- activates thyroid to secrete thyroxin.
Growth Hormone (GH)- Essential for normal growth. It is also called somatotropin.

(iv) The contraction phase of auricles is called auricular systole. The openings of vena cava and pulmonary veins close and blood enters ventricles by crossing through tricuspid valve and bicuspid valve.

Question 5.
(i) In what way is yellow spot different from blind spot? [2]
(ii) Deficiency of vitamin A causes night blindness. Give a suitable reason to support the statement. [2]
(iii) Given below is a diagrammatic representation of a defect of the human eye : [3]

(a) Identify the defect.
(b) Mention two reasons for the above defect.
(c) State how the defect can be rectified.
(iv) ‘Pancreas is both an exocrine gland and an endocrine gland’. Give proper reason in support of the statement. [3]
(i) Yellow spot has more cones and less rod cells. Blind spot has no photosensitive cells. Clear images formed at the yellow spot while no images are formed at the blind spot.

(ii) Because the visual purple (Rhodopsin) of the rods, which are responsible for vision in the dark, is not formed in the absence of vitamin A.

(iii) (a) Hypermetropia (Far-sightedness) because image is behind the retina.
(b) Reasons for hypermetropia are :
(1) Shortening of eyeball from front to back.
(2) Lens becomes too flat.
(c) It can be rectified by using convex lenses of appropriate power (focal length).

(iv) Pancreas is a heterocrine or myxocrine gland, as it contains two types of secretary structures, i.e., (i) Islet of Langerhans which secrete hormones insulin and glucagon, and these are transported by way of blood, and (ii) Acini that secretes pancreatic juice which is transported by way of ducts, and plays a role in digestion of food.

Question 6.
(i) Where are the following located: [2]
(a) Iris (b) Incus
(ii) Give the full forms of the following: [2]
(iii) Name the three layers of Meninges (inner most to outer most). [3]
(iv) Complete the table by filling in the blanks (i) to (iv): [3]

 Name of the Hormone Endocrine Gland Function (i) (ii) Deposit extra glucose or blood as glycogen Growth Hormone (iii) (iv)

(i) Iris: In the eye behind the cornea.
Incus: Incus is the middle bone of the three bones of ear ossicles which is connected to Malleus on one end and Stapes on other end and is present in the middle ear of human beings.

(ii) ACTH- Adreno Cortico Tropic Hormone FSH- Follicular Stimulating Hormone

(iii) The brain is protected by 3 membranous coverings called meninges which continue backward into the spinal cord. These are:
Pia mater – inner most, highly vascular membrane, richly supplied with blood.
Arachnoid – Thin delicate middle layer giving a web like cushion.
Dura mater – the outermost tough fibrous membrane.

(iv)
(i) Insulin
(ii) Pancreas
(iii) Anterior Pituitary gland
(iv) It promotes the normal growth of the whole body.