ICSE Class 9 History and Civics Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers
(Attempt all questions from this part)
(a) Who framed the Constitution of India ?
(b) Define the term Preamble ?
(c) Mention any two Fundamental Duties of the citizens as mentioned in the Constitution of India.
(d) What is the purpose of Directive Principles of State policy ?
(e) Who acts as the Chairman of the Election Commission ?
(f) Mention the term of office of the Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Corn- missioners.
(g) What is the role of Nyaya Panchayat ?
(h) Give the sources of income of Panchayat Samiti.
(i) Who is the Chief Executive Officer of the Municipal Corporation ?
(j) Mention any two functions of the Mayor of the Municipal Corporation.
(a) The Constituent Assembly framed the Constitution of India.
(b) The Preamble is an introductory statement stating the aims and the objectives of the Constitution. It describes soul and spirit of the Constitution of India.
(c) Out of ten Fundamental Duties of citizens, two are :
(i) To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
(ii) To safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
(d) Part IV (Article 36 to 51) of the Indian Constitution lays down the Directive Principles of State Policy. These principles give direction to the State or the governments to make policies and programmes for social, economic and legal justice of the Indians.
(e) The Chief Election Commissioner acts as the Chairman of the Election Commission.
(f) The Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners stay in the office for six years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is ealier.
(g) The Nyaya Panchayat is formed for three to four villages or even full block of villages to provide speedy and inexpensive justice to the villagers.
(h) The sources of income of Panchayat Samiti are :
(i) Grant given by the State government.
(ii) Income from taxes levied by the Panchayat Samiti.
(iii) A fixed percentage of land revenue.
(iv) Sale and rent of property under the charge of Block Samiti.
(v) Voluntary contributions.
(i) The Municipal Commissioner is the Chief Executive Officer of the Municipal Corpora¬tion.
(j) The Mayor of the Municipal Corporation has many functions, out of which two are :
(i) To regulate, conduct and preside over the meetings of the Corporation.
(ii) To receive the foreign and other dignitaries visiting the city.
(a) Give the extent of Harappan Civilisation.
(b) Explain the differences between the sabha and the samiti of the Early Vedic Age.
(c) Discuss the welfare measures taken by Ashoka under Mauryan Empire.
(d) Write a short note on the literature Tirukkural.
(e) Describe the contribution of Aryabhata in the field of science during the Gupta period.
(f) Where was Nalanda University located ? List the subjects that were taught in Nalanda University and the medium of instruction.
(g) The Cholas were great patrons of art and architecture. Justify with an example.
(h) Give any two teachings of Kabir. Where are his teachings recorded ?
(i) What is the meaning of Renaissance ? Where did Renaissance begin ?
(j) Why did Industrial Revolution first occur in England ?
(a) The Harappan Civilisation extends from the borders of Baluchistan in the west to Uttar Pradesh in the east, north-eastern Afghanistan in the north to Maharashtra in the south. The cities like Harappa, Mohenjodaro, Kot Diji and Chanhudaro are located in Pakistan, while cities like Lothal, Kalibangan, Ropar, Alamgirpur and Banawali are located in India.
(b) Sabha and Samiti are two assemblies. Sabha was a small group of elected members. It consist of distinguished people, who were in direct contact with the king and advised him. The Samiti represented the entire tribe, to whom the people could go to and give them their suggestions.
(c) Ashoka was concerned about his people and took several welfare measures for the comfort of his society. The State built good roads and planted trees along the roads to pro¬vide shade to the travellers. Fruit bearing trees were planted to provide food for the travellers. The rest houses were constructed for travellers to rest. Wells were dug at regu¬lar intervals to provide water for the travellers.
(d) Thirokkurai is a classic Tamil text written by Thiruvalluvar. It consists of 1,330 couplets and emphasise on the values and ethics that people across all societies can follow.
(e) Aryabhata was a great astronomer and a mathematician. It is believed that he found the exact value of n (pi) and the formula to calculate the area of a triangle. He proved that the Earth revolves around the Sim and the Earth rotates on its axis. He also explained the causes of solar and lunar eclipses.
(f) Nalanda University was situated near Rajgriha (Patna) in Bihar. Subjects such as logic, grammar, medicine, astronomy, philosophy, tantra and art were taught. Sanskrit was the medium of instruction.
(g) The Brihadisvara Temple located at Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu is one of the finest examples of Chola art and architecture. Built by Raja Raja Chola I, it is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The main gopuram or the gateway is 30 m high. The temple complex is rectangular, which is divided into five sections and are interconnected. Built out of granite, the vimana tower above the sanctum and is one of the tallest in South India. The temple has a huge structure of nandi (sacred bull) at the entrance. The interior walls of the temple have extensive paintings and magnificent sculptures. The walls of the temple have frescos showing Lord Shiva in different poses. It is declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
(h) Two teachings of Kabir are :
- He condemned the caste system.
- He denounced idol worship, meaningless rituals and pilgrimages.
Kabir’s teachings are recorded in the book known as Bijak.
(i) Renaissance means rebirth or revival of free thinking and learning. Renaissance took place in Florence, Italy in Europe. It brought massive changes in Europe and marked the beginning of modem era.
(j) Industrial Revolution first took place in England because of the following reasons :
(i) It was a vast colonial power which had ready market for finished goods and supplier of raw materials.
(ii) It had excellent transport and communication system.
(iii) It had rich reserves of natural resources, like coal, iron and hydro-electric power.
(iv) It had abundant supply of cheap labour and immigration of technically skilled people.
(v) It had political stability.
Section – A
(Attempt any two questions from this part)
With reference to making of the Indian Constitution, answer the following questions :
(a) How did the Constituent Assembly represent members from all sections of the society ?
(b) Describe the Drafting Committee.
(c) Which day was chosen as the day of enforcement of the Indian Constitution and why ?
(a) The Constituent Assembly represented people from all sections and strata of the Indian society. It was known as ‘Mirror of the Nation’. The members of the Constituent Assembly includes Hindus, Sikhs, Muslims, Anglo-Indians, Christians and Parsis. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes were adequately represented in the Constituent Assembly. Women were represented by Mrs. Vijaylakshmi Pandit, Mrs. Sarojini Naidu, Mrs. G. Durgabai and Rajkumari Amrit Kaur. The first sitting of the Constitutent Assembly was held on 9 December, 1946 at the Central Hall of the Parliament.
(b) The Drafting Committee was appointed on August 29,1947 with Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as the Chairman. There were six other members. The first Draft of the Indian Constitution was presented to the Constitutent Assembly on February 21, 1948. It took the Constituent Assembly 2 years, 11 months and 17 days to frame the Constitution.
(c) The Constitution was enforced on January 26, 1950 because it was on this date in 1930 the Indian National Congress made the resolution for Purna Swaraj at Lahore session.
With reference to Election, answer the following questions :
(a) Give the differences between Direct and Indirect Election.
(b) Explain General Election, By-election and Mid-term Election.
(c) Define the term ‘constituency’.
(a) Voter choose their representatives Voters do not choose their representatives by voting directly directly.
There are usually a large number There are small body of voters which is called of voters called as electorate. as electoral college.
Members of the Lok Sabha, State President, Vice-President, Members of the Legislative Assemblies and local Rajya Sabha and State Legislative Councils bodies are elected by this system. are elected by this system.
(b) General Election : A general election is an election when all the eligible citizens of the country vote for choosing their representatives for the Lok Sabha or State Assemblies from the constituencies all over the country.
By-election : When a representative from a constituency dies while in office or when a seat falls vacant because of reasons like resignation, fresh election is held in that particular constituency. Such an election is known as By-election.
Mid-term Election : When the Lok Sabha or any State Assembly is dissolved before the expiry of its term, a fresh election is held to form a new House. This is known as midterm election.
(c) For the ease of election, the entire country is divided into fixed electoral units with a list of registered voters. These areas are called constituencies. There are candidates repre¬senting the constituency for their political parties who are then voted to the Parliament or the State Legislative Assembly by the voters of the constituency.
With reference to the Local Self Government, answer the following questions :
(a) State any two supervisory functions of the Panchayat Samiti.
(b) What is the composition of Zila Parishad ?
(c) What is the qualification required to become a member of Gram Panchayat ?
(a) Two supervisory functions of the Panchayat Samiti are :
(i) To manage and guide the work of the Gram Panchayats.
(ii) To analyse and review the budget of the Panchayats.
(b) A Zila Parishad consist of 40-60 members comprising of following :
(i) Pradhans of all the Panchayat Samitis in the district.
(ii) Member of Parliament and members of State Assemblies within the area of Jurisdiction.
(iii) One person to represent each of the cooperative societies in that district.
(iv) Representatives of women, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
(v) Deputy Commissioner of the district.
(vi) Supervisor of all the Government departments in the district.
(c) To become a member of Gram Panchayat, following criteria have to be fulfilled :
(i) As per the act, a candidate has to attain the prescribed age.
(ii) The name of the candidate must be registered as a voter in the particular Panchayat area.
(iii) The candidate must be mentally sound.
Section – B
(Attempt any three questions from this section)
With reference to Harappan Civilization, answer the following questions :
(a) Describe the town planning of Harappa.
(b) Give evidences to show that Harappa had trade relations with other countries.
(c) How did Harappan Civilization come to an end ?
(a) The people of Indus Valley were skilled town planners. The city was divided into two main sections : the ‘Citadel’ which was built on a raised platform and had all the official buildings and the ‘Lower Town’, which had the residences. The city had a grid system layout with elaborate drainage system. The streets were straight and cut each other at right angles dividing the entire city into square or rectangular blocks. The comers of the streets were rounded to ease the movement of carts. Fire-burnt bricks were used for paving the streets.
(b) There are evidences to show that Indus Valley Civilisation had trade relations both within the country and outside. It had trade relations with Mesopotamia (modern Iraq), Afghanistan and Baluchistan. Indus Valley seals have been found in these places. They imported precious stones, different metals and other articles from different parts of India, Central Asia and western countries.
(c) It is not certain as to how the Harappan Civilization suddenly came to an end. There are various theories regarding it. The civilization might have met with some natural disasters like earthquakes or floods, or may be river Indus changed its course or direction. Change in climate could have been another reason for its decline. Overgrazing of grass¬lands and the destruction of forests may have degraded the quality of soil and cause ecological imbalance. Some people believe that the invasion by Aryans brought an end to Harappan civilisation.
With reference to Buddhism, answer the following questions :
(a) Give the Eight-fold path of Buddha.
(b) Describe the terms Chaitya and Vihara.
(c) Discuss the role of Ashoka in spreading Buddhism.
(a) The Eight-fold path, also known as the middle path (Ashtangika Marga) of Gautam Buddha, consists of eight principles telling us about striking a balance in life. These are :
(i) Right to faith or belief, that is to give up all the desires in daily life.
(ii) Right aspiration to stay away from earthly evils and meaningless rituals.
(iii) Right speech, that is to speak the truth and not to think bad of others.
(iv) Right action, that is to stay away from theft, violence and luxuries.
(v) Right living, not to deal dishonestly with people.
(vi) Right effort, that is to work towards liberating oneself from sin and for the welfare of others.
(vii) Right meditation, that is to focus on only that which is right.
(viii) Right recollection, that is to think any of sacred things.
(b) Chaityas and Viharas were built from rock-cut caves for Buddhist and Jain monks.
Chaitya : Chaitya was a rectangular hall of worship, with a beautiful inner walls and a semi-circular roof. The hall had long rows of pillars with a stupa at the far end of the chaitya. Meetings were also held in chaityas.
Vihara : Vihara or the monastery was a place of residence for the monks and nuns. It had a central hall and surrounding it has numerous cells, which served as residences. The columns in the viharas were beautifully sculptured, had art work and magnificent paintings.
(c) After the war of Kalinga, Ashoka turned to Buddhism and took steps in spread of Buddhism far and wide.
(i) He visited many places where Buddhism was followed and gave liberal grants.
(ii) He sent missionaries to foreign lands like Sri Lanka, Nepal, Tibet, China and Japan to spread Buddhism.
(iii) He sent his daughter, Sanghamitra and his son, Mahendra to Sri Lanka to spread Buddhism.
(iv) He constructed many Buddhist stupas and Viharas for monks and nuns.
(v) He Placed edicts at many places sharing his valuable information and thoughts on Buddhism.
(vi) He discouraged hunting and started following the policy of non-violence and protecting wildlife.
Study the picture given below and answer the following questions :
(a) Identify the personality shown above. What was his contribution ?
(b) Describe the contribution of Galileo.
(c) Impact of Renaissance on medical science.
(a) This is an image of Sir Isaac Newton. He was an English Mathematician, Astronomer, Theologian, Physicist and an Author. He laid the foundation for modem physical optics and discovered the law of universal gravitation and three laws of motion. He also made significant contribution in the field of mathematics.
(b) Galileo was an Italian Astronomer, Mathematician and’ a Natural Philosopher. Galileo discovered the telescope, thermometer and hydrostatic balance. He proved the heliocentric effect (Sun is at the centre and all other planets revolve around it) as had been explained by Copernicus.
(c) Great advancement was made in the field of medical science during Renaissance. Andreas
Vesalius (1514-1564) is often considered as the founder of modem human anatomy. He wrote the book, De humani corporis fabrica (On the fabric of human body), which was innovative work on human anatomy. He was the first person to explain mechanical ventilation.
William Harvey (1578-1657) described in detail the systematic circulation of blood to the brain and body by the heart. Leonardo da Vinci researched on how human brain processes visual and sensory information and how it connects to the soul. Ambroise Pare (1510-1590), a French surgeon, anatomist and an inventor of surgical instruments experimented to find out how turpentine, egg yolk and oil of roses could be applied to wounds to relieve pain and seal wounds effectively.
The Gupta period is known as the Golden Age of India. With reference to it, answer the following questions :
(a) Discuss the temple architecture of this period.
(b) Give examples to show that painting had reached its heights during this period.
(c) Describe the main features of Gupta sculpture.
(a) The Guptas are said to be the first dynasty to build permanent free-standing Hindu temples and thus, began the long tradition of unique Indian temple architecture. Major change in structure was Shikara (pointed roofs) instead of flat-roofed temples. The walls and pillars were adorned with beautiful carvings and sculptures showing various deities from Hindu mythology. Most temples were square in shape with a courtyard and a square sanctum with a small garbhagriha in the centre.
(b) The art of painting reached its pinnacle during the Gupta period. The rock-cut sculp¬tures at Ajanta caves are one of the finest examples of ancient Indian art. Good quality water colour was used. Wall paintings and frescoes portray life of Buddha and scenes from Jataka stories. It has beautiful designs of flowers, trees, animals, mythological char¬acters, kings, royal ladies, courtiers, peasants and beggars. The paintings carry secular messages and give a perspective of life in ancient India. Ajanta caves are part of UNESCO World Heritage Site. The paintings of Bagh Caves of Madhya Pradesh are also fine ex¬amples of art during Gupta period.
(c) The main features of Gupta sculpture are as follows :
(i) Foreign influence which was seen in Mathura and Gandhara Schools of Art was ceased out as the Gupta rulers brought out a totally new identity in sculpture making which was characteristically Indian.
(ii) Buddha, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva were depicted in various poses. One of the outstanding examples is the sculpture of standing Buddha in Sarnath. Another example is a gracefully reclining sculpture of Lord Vishnu found in Vishnu Temple, Deogarh, in Uttar Pradesh.
(iii) The sculptures exuded understanding of human body by showing graceful poses and calmness in facial expressions.
With reference to Industrial Revolution, answer the following questions :
(a) Explain the meaning of Socialism.
(b) Capitalism gave rise to Socialism. Justify.
(c) Who was Karl Marx ? What was his main ideology ?
(a) Socialism is a social and economic system that propagates public rather than private ownership or control of property and natural resources.
(b) Socialism was an outcome of capitalism, which arose due tcf Industrial Revolution. Capi-talism led to unequal distribution of income and wealth, exploitation of workers and poverty. As power and wealth were concentrated in the hands of a few, the condition of mass were miserable and they were forced to live in pathetic condition. While the capitalist class earned huge profits, the working class made meagre earnings. Even women and children had to work for as long as fifteen hours in unhealthy environment. With the onset of Industrial Revolution, the cottage industry was destroyed. It could not with stand the competition from machine-made goods. Many people lost their means of livelihood. To a certain extent even the government became a tool in the hands of the capitalists. All these causes led to the birth of Socialism.
(c) Karl Marx (1818-1883) was a German economist, political theorist, historian, journalist and a revolutionary socialist. He was one of the most important personalities in socialist movement. He wanted to end the capitalist system and bring about a classless and stateless society.