ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

Part-I
(Attempt all questions from this Part)

Question 1.
(a) Why is Earth considered as a unique planet?
(b) What are Extinct volcanoes?
(c) What is decomposition?
(d) What does FerreTs law state?
(e) How was Himalayas formed?
(f) What is organic farming?
(g) What is Precipitation?
(h) What is Condensation?
(i) What is fossil fuel? Give two examples.
(j) What is the Pacific Ring of Fire?
Answer:
(a) Earth is considered to be a unique planet because it is the only planet having life on it. A variety of life ranging from microscopic plants to the largest of trees and animals one found on the earth. The living organisms inhabit not only on the solid crust but also on the ocean and atmosphere.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(b) Extinct volcanoes are those volcanoes which have not erupted since remote geological times. They have been inactive for so long that they are not likely to erupt in future too Mt. Kilimanjaro in Africa is an example of extinct volcano.

(c) Decomposition is a biological process that includes the physical breakdown and biochemical transformation of complex organic molecules of dead materials into simpler organic and inorganic molecules.

(d) Ferrel’s law states that as a result of the earth’s rotation on its axis from west to east, wind or any other moving object in the Northern hemisphere is deflected to the right, and the Southern hemisphere is deflected to the left of its original course.

(e) The Himalayas are the young fold mountains that were formed when the Indian Plate collided with the Eurasian Plate. This resulted in the compression or folding of the layers of the earth which in turn resulted into the formation of the Himalayas.

(f) Organic farming is environment friendly farming technique. With this technique the crops are raised without using synthetic fertilizers, pesticides and antibiotics. The fertilizers and pesticides used in organic farming are obtained from plants and animal wastes and mineral sources.

(g) Precipitation is water released from clouds in the form of rain, freezing rain, sleet, snow, or hail. It is the primary connection in the water cycle that provides for the delivery of atmospheric water to the Earth. Mostly precipitation falls as rain.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(h) Condensation is a process where water vapour changes to liquid state. Condensation happens in two ways, either the air is cooled to its dew point or it becomes so saturated with water vapour that it cannot hold any more water.

(i) Fossil fuel are the derivatives of plants and animals fossils that are millions of years old. These are primarily formed from the remains of the decayed plants and animals of the carboniferous era. Examples of fossil fuel are coal and natural gases.

(j) The Pacific Ring of fire is an area of frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions encircling the basin of the Pacific Ocean.

Question 2.
On the outline World Map mark and label the following details:
(a) Plateau of Tibet
(b) Mongolian Plateau
(c) North European plains
(d) Black sea
(e) North Atlantic Ocean
(f) Appalachian
(g) River Orange
(h) Gulf of Mexico
(i) River Murray
(j) Atlas Mountain
Answer:
ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers 1

Part-II
(Attempt any five questions from this Part)

Question 3.
(a) What causes the change of season on Earth?
(b) Why places are located in degrees?
(c) What are the effects of Rotation?
(d) Do a comparative study of longitude and latitude.
Answer:
(a) The phenomena of change of season on Earth is caused due to two reasons:
1. The revolution of the Earth around the Sun.
2. The inclination of the Earth’s axis at an angle of 66 1/2° to the plain of its orbit.

(b) Places are located in degrees because the shape of the Earth is round (circle) and a circle comprises of 360 units called degrees, and each degree is further divided into 60 minutes and each minutes can be further divided into 60 seconds. This classification of Earth into degrees help in identification of a location.

(c) Rotation is the movement of the Earth on its axis from West to East. This movement causes lot of changes on Earth such as:
1. Since Earth rotates from west to east, we see the Sun rising in the east and setting in the west.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

2. Another effect of earthly rotation is the daily alteration of light and darkness, as portions of Earth’s surface first turn towards Sun and then away from Sim. This variation of exposure to sunlight greatly influences local temperature, humidity and wind movement.

3. The Earth’s rotation causes a consistence in the direction of the flow of winds and water of the ocean. Wind and ocean currents are deflected towards the right in the Northern hemisphere and towards the left in the Southern hemisphere. This is known as Coriolis effect.

(d) Comparative study of latitude and longitude :
Latitude:
1. Latitude is an angular distance of a place north or south of the equator.
2. There are 180 parallels of latitude.
3. Each parallel of latitude is a circle.
4. All the parallels of latitude are not of equal length rather these become smaller towards the pole.
5. The distance between any two parallels of latitude is always equal.

Longitude
1. Longitude is the angular distance of a place east or west of the prime meridian.
2. There are 360 meridian of longitude.
3. Each meridian of longitude is a semicircle.
4. All the longitudes are of equal length.
5. The distance between any two meridians is not equal. These get closer from the equator to the poles.

Question 4.
(a) What is a plateau?
(b) Mention two constructive effects of volcanic activity.
(c) Do a comparative study of Crust, Mantle and Core?
(d) Differentiate between rocks and minerals.
Answer:
(a) A plateau is an elevated tract of relatively flat land, usually limited on at least one side by a steep slope falling abruptly to lower land to its surrounding areas. It has large area on its top and has flat or undulating surface. Its sides are marked by a steep cliff except in a plateau which is surrounded by high mountain.

(b) The two constructive effects of volcanic activity are:
1. Lava deposited as a result of volcanic eruption gets weathered down into fertile soil. The black soil of India has been derived from lava rocks and is a very fertile soil.
2. Volcanic rock contains a large number of minerals also. Many of the metallic minerals are associated with volcanic rock.

(c) The comparative study of Crust, Mantle and Core is as follows:
ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers 2

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(d) Difference between Rocks and Minerals are as follows :
Rocks
1. Rocks are aggregates of mineral elements.
2. A rock has no definite chemical composition.
3. Minerals are organized to form rocks.
4. The three main types of rocks are igneous, sedimentary and meta morphic.
5. Basalt, granite, sandstone, slate and quartz are some important types of rock.

Minerals
1. Minerals are solid inorganic substances occurring naturally.
2. Minerals have a definite chemical composition.
3. Elements are organized to form compounds which are known as minerals.
4. Four chief mineral groups are silicates,carbonates, suiphides and metallic minerals.
5. Iron, silicon, magnesium, nickel, calcium, potassium and sodium are abundant minerals on earth.

Question 5.
(a) What is chemical weathering?
(b) Define the term :
(i) Alluvial fans
(ii) Delta
(c) What are the constructive effects of weathering?
(d) Explain the land reform formed by wind.
Answer:
(a) Decomposition and disintegration of rocks due to chemical reactions is called chemical weathering. Chemical weathering leads to change in the chemical composition of minerals
present in the rock. It takes place in hot and humid region due to exposure to air and water.

(b) (i) Alluvial fans are found at the base of mountain ranges, where high energy streams reaches a plain. When no longer confined to a channel the energy level of the water drops, which makes the water unable to transport larger sediments, cobbles, gravel. If the water is no longer able to carry those sediments they drop out and are deposited forming an alluvial fan.

(ii) Deltas are form when a moving body of water enters a non-moving body, mostly by when a river reaching an ocean. When rivers reach the ocean they carry immense sediment load, which comprises of silt and clay, this sediment loads forms a deltas which are usually very well sorted.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(c) Constructive effects of weathering are:
1. Weathering helps in soil formation which promotes agriculture.
2. Chemical weathering .produces various new minerals which is helpful in economic activities.
3. Weathering provides building materials like cement and limestone.
4. Due to weathering new landscape is formed.

(d) The gradational role of the wind results in two kinds of land reforms: Erosional and Depositional.
1. Erosion takes place when loose particles lying on the ground are lifted off and taken away by strong wind. In course of time, a hollow is formed in that surface called wind eroded basin. Sometimes removal of sand through deflation leads to formation of large depressions known as Deflation hollows.

2. Deposition is the geographical process by which material is added to a landform or landmass. The transportation capacity of the wind depends upon its velocity, the sand and the dust particles carried by it thus dust particles are deposited when the velocity of the wind decreases or there is an obstruction in the path of the wind.Ripple marks, sand dunes and loess are important depositional land reform of wind.

Question 6.
(a) What are the warm currents and cold currents?
(b) What is Tsunami? How it is caused?
(c) Give three importance of Tide.
(d) Explain the types of movement in the Ocean.
Answer:
(a) Ocean current is general movement of a mass of oceanic water in definite direction. Warm currents and-cold currents are two types of ocean current:
Warm Currents originate near the equator and flow towards the poles. Cold Currents originate in the high latitudes and flovv towards the equator.

(b) Tsunami is a giant sea wave which is caused mainly due to earthquake or volconic activity occurring under the ocean. When an earthquake or volcanic activity occurs, large amount of water is displaced. The displaced water transform into large waves. These waves may be as high as fifteen meters and are very distructive.

(c) The importance of tides are mentioned below:

  • The tides clean out the refuse materials and wastes from the mouth of the river.
  • It promotes navigability in rivers.
  • Due to natural flushing activity the width and depth of the river are maintained. Transportation in river is possible because of tides.
  • The tides make river salty and they keep the water in motion. So, that the water does not freeze easily.

(d) The water in the ocean and the sea keeps on moving continuously. There are three kinds of movements in the ocean.
1. Waves : The up and down movements seen on the surface of the ocean are known as waves. The pushing action of the winds blowing over the ocean is the most important cause of the waves.

2. Tides : Tides are periodical rise and fall of sea level, caused by the tidal forces of the Moon, the Sun and rotation of Earth. Tides are caused mainly by the attraction of the Moon and to some extent the Sun on the surface of the Earth.

3. Ocean Current: Large scale movement of water in the oceans in a definite direction is called ocean currents. Ocean currents are like rivers in the ocean thousands of kilometer in length and sometimes two hundred kilometers wide.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

Question 7.
(a) What is Troposphere?
(b) What is green house effect?
(c) What is the importance of atmospheric pressure?
(d) What are the causes of destruction of the ozone layer?
Answer:
(a) The troposphere is the lowest atmospheric layer, extending from the Earth’s surface upto the bottom of the stratosphere. The troposphere is where all of Earth’s weather occurs. It contains approximately 80% of the total mass of the atmosphere.

The greenhouse effect is the effect which increases the average temperature of the Earth by trapping heat in the atmosphere. This keeps the temperature of the Earth higher than it would be if direct heating by the Sim was the only source of warming.

Atmospheric pressure is important for:

  • Creation of wind: Variation in the atmospheric pressure is responsible for horizontal movement of air called wind.
  • Impact of weather : Change of weather is related to the change in atmospheric pressure.
  • Weather forecasting : Atmospheric pressure gives important clues in forecasting the weather.

The causes of destruction of the ozone layer are :
1. The chlorofluorocarbons [CFCs]: One of the most important causes for the depletion of ozone layer is the use of chemical known as chlorofluorocarbons. These chemicals are used in spray cans and as refrigerants, they react with the ozone layer and destroy it.

2. Radioactive substances: Radioactive substances like uranium, thorium, etc., also deplete ozone layer. These radioactive substances are used in power station and nuclear explosions. Their reaction produces large quantities of nitrogen oxide which goes into the stratosphere.

3. Air pollution: Air pollution is also responsible for the depletion of ozone layer. Air pollution due to smog like the London smog, the leakage of lethal gas from the Union Carbide factory of Bhopal, the nuclear disaster at Chernobyl had a very serious effect on ozone layer.

Question 8.
(a) Why are X-rays harmful?
(b) How does agriculture add to water pollution?
(c) Burning of garbage is a major source of pollution. Explain.
(d) What are the different types of pollution?
Answer:
(a) X-rays are very harmful and can easily kill living cells, if dosed in high quantities. The exposure of the body cells and tissues to large doses of X-ray radiation, which have a very high ionizing power, can result in DNA abnormalities that may further lead to cancer and birth defects.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(b) Agriculture is both cause and victim of water pollution. Water pollution is caused by the discharge of pollutants and sediment to surface and/or groundwater, through net loss of soil by poor agricultural practices, and through salinization and water logging of irrigated land.

(c) Many people dispose off their household garbage by burning it. People bum barrels, fire pits, and wood stove or similar homemade devices producing low temperature fire. They receive very little oxygen and produce a lot of smoke. Under these conditions varieties of toxic substances are produced. All of these pollutants are released into the air and close to the ground level where they are easily inhaled. Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and nitrogen represents the largest portions of pollutants emitting from burning household waste.

(d) Different types of pollution are:

  • Air pollution : Air pollution is the addition of harmful substance in air that causes severe damage to environment, human health and quality of life.
  • Water pollution : The contamination of water bodies like rivers, lakes, seas etc. is called the water pollution.
  •  Soil pollution : Soil pollution refers to the building up of toxic chemical compound, salt, radioactive material and disease causing organism i.e., pathogens.
  • Noise pollution: Noise pollution is the annoying and stressful sound that is capable of damaging the ear.
  • Radiation pollution: Pollution caused by radioactive material is called radiation pollution.

Question 9.
(a) Mention any four diseases which are caused by air pollution.
(b) What causes acid rain? Name two gasses responsible for acid rain.
(c) Oil spill have an adverse impact on marine life. Explain.
(d) Discuss the effect of noise pollution.
Answer:
(a) Diseases which are caused by the air pollution are asthma, bronchitis, emphysema and lung cancer.

(b) Acid rain is a corrosive type of air pollution which occurs when oxides of sulphur and nitrogen combine with the moisture of atmosphere. The sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide are two gasses responsible for acid rain. They are released by the burning of fossil fuels like coal, petroleum and natural gas.

(c) Oil spill is a worst kind of water pollution. Oil spill takes place in case of accidents of ships, sinking of oil tankers, leaking of pipeline, offshore drilling etc. The biggest problem of oil spill is that the oil can neither be mixed nor separated from water. It can only be treated with chemical but those chemical are equally harmful for marine life. Oil spreads immediately on the water surface and blocks the sunlight. It reduces the amount of oxygen in water resulting into the death of marine organisms. Moreover, the gills of fish and other marine organisms are poisoned by the coating of oil which leads to suffocation. Feathers of sea birds are also coated with oil which reduces their ability to fly.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(d) The stressful sound is referred as the noise pollution. Noise pollution is increasing at a rapid pace with increasing urbanization. Its impact is very severe on humans. Any sound that is louder than the normal level can damage the delicate ear cells in the inner ear. Sudden extreme loud noise like gunshot can cause immediate hearing loss. High sound levels can also lead to a disease called tinnitus which causes ringing in ear. Factory workers, military and police personal, musician, fire fighter are at a high risk of hearing problem due to continuous exposure to high sound levels.

Question 10.
(a) (i) What is absolute humidity?
(ii) How is it expressed?
(b) Explain two conditions when the air can be saturated.
(c) Discuss factors that determine the amount of rainfall.
(d) Discuss the seasonal distribution of rainfall.
Answer:
(a)

  • Absolute humidity is the actual amount of water vapour present in the given volume of air at a given temperature.
  • Absolute humidity is expressed in terms of gram per cubic meter i.e., gram of water vapour present in per cubic meter of air.

(b) Two conditions in which air can become saturated are:

  • With a decrease in temperature the capacity of air to hold water decreases and the air becomes saturated.
  • If a lot of water vapor is present in the atmosphere, the air becomes saturated.

(c) The factors that determine the amount of rainfall are:

  • Direction of winds : Winds blowing from ocean to land bring in more rainfall than the wind that flows from lands.
  • Distance from sea : Coastal areas experience more rainfall than the places located in the interior of the continents. This is because the oceans are the source of water vapour which condenses to form rains.
  • Mountains : When mountains or hills lie in the path of moisture bearing winds, the warm air is forced upward. Subsequently it starts cooling, forms clouds and gives rainfall to the windward side.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(d) The amount of rainfall changes gradually from season to season. On basis of rainfall received region can be classified into three broad categories :

  • Region receiving rainfall throughout the year : The places located in the western margin of the continent in mid latitudes like Western European receives rainfall through out the year.
  • Rainfall during the summer : In the sub-tropical region, convectional rainfall is limited to the summer season only.
  • Rainfall during the winters : Countries located in the Mediterranean region like France, Albania, Italy etc., receive rainfall during winters.

Question 11.
(a) Calculation the relative humidity of air at 25°C, if the absolute humidity is 50 gms/cu.m. The amount of water vapor required to saturate the air at 25°C is 90 gms/cu.m.
(b) What are Jet Stream?
(c) Find out the time difference between Greenwich [0° longitude] and Allahabad [ 82° 30 east longitude].
(d) What will be the time at 90° W longitudes when the time at 10° W longitude is 8 am?
Answer:
(a) \(\mathrm{RH}=\frac{\text { The actual amount of water vapour present in air }}{\text { The maximum amount of water vapour the air can hold at that temperature }} \times 100\)
Therefore\(\mathrm{RH}=\frac{50}{90} \times 100\) = 55.55 Percent.

(b) Jet streams are like rivers of wind high above in the atmosphere. These slim strips of strong winds have a huge influence on climate, as they can push air masses around and affect weather patterns. Jet streams basically forms a border between hot and cold air.

(c) Longitude of Greenwich = 0°
Longitude of Allahabad = 82° 30
Longitudinal difference = 82° 30 0°
r = 82° 30
Time difference between the two places
= 82° 30 x 4
= 330 minutes or 5 hours 30 minutes

Since, Allahabad is situated to the east of Greenwich, therefore, the time of Allahabad will be 5 hours 30 minutes ahead of Greenwich Time. Thus, when it is 12 noon at Greenwich, the time at Allahabad will be 5 hours 30 minutes.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(d) Time at 10° W longitude = 8 am
Difference in longitude between two places = 90° -10° = 80°
Difference in time between the two places = 80 x 4 = 320° or 5 hrs 20 mins.
As 90° W is situated west of 10° W longitude, time at 90° W longitude will be 5 hrs 20 mins behind the time of 10° W longitude.
Therefore, time at 90° W longitude will be 8 am – 5 hrs 20 mins = 2 hrs 40 mins.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Question Papers with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers

Section -1
(Attempt all questions from this section)

Question 1.
(a) Name the following :
(i) A common phase in both aerobic and anaerobic respiration.
(ii) Method of the naming of organisms.
(iii) Inactivated toxins but can still cause the body to make antibodies.
(iv) Type of germination where cotyledons remain underground.
(v) The condition of suffering in our body due to deficiency of some essential elements of food.
Answer:
(i) Glycolysis
(ii) Binomial nomenclature
(iii) Toxoids
(iv) Hypogeal germination
(v) Malnutrition

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers

(b) Choose the correct answer from each of the four options given below :
(i) Red Cross Day is celebrated on :
(a) September 17
(b) November5
(c) May 8
(d) June 5
Answer:
(c) May 8

(ii) The most rapidly increasing and much harmful waste today is :
(a) Municipal sewage
(b) Plastics
(c) Pesticides
(d) Electronic waste
Answer:
(b) Plastics

(iii) The germ causing hepatitis is transmitted through :
(a) The bite of a mosquito
(b) Contamination of food by housefly
(c) Personal contact with a patient
(d) Contaminated water
Answer:
(d) Contaminated water

(iv) During inspiration, diaphragm :
(a) Relaxes
(b) Gets folded
(c) Contracts
(d) Expands
Answer:
(c) Contracts

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers

(v) The visible part of hair is :
(a) Shaft
(b) Root
(c) Papilla
(d) Bulb
Answer:
(a) Shaft

(c) Fill in the blanks :
(i) The liquid found inside vacuoles is called ……………….
(ii) ………………. is responsible for increase in diameter of the stem.
(iii) Elephophily is found in ………………. flower.
(iv) Birds lay eggs with shells.
(v) ………………. is a free-living nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil.
Answer:
(i) Cell sap
(ii) Cambium
(iii) Rafflesia
(iv) Calcareous
(v) Azotobacter

(d) The statements given below are incorrect. Correct the following statements by changing the last word only :
(i) The cells in stratum comeum are made up of protein melanin.
(ii) Result of anaerobic respiration in muscles cells is pyruvic acid.
(iii) The first cervical vertebrae is called axis.
(iv) Trypsinogen is converted into activated trypsin by HCl.
(v) Absence or shortage of vitamins in diet over a continued period causes hereditary diseases.
Answer:
(i) The cells in stratum comeum are made up of protein keratin.
(ii) Result of anaerobic respiration in muscles cells is lactic acid.
(iii) The first cervical vertebrae is called atlas.
(iv) Trypsinogen is converted into activated trypsin by enterokinase.
(v) Absence or shortage of vitamins in diet over a continued period causes deficiency diseases.

(e) Match the items of Column I with those in column II and rewrite the correct matching pairs

Column IColumn II
(i) Scorpion
(ii) Earthworm
(iii) Bacteria
(iv) Xerophthalmia
(v) Osteomalacia
(a) Calciferol
(b) Capsule
(c) Clitellum
(d) Arthropoda
(e) Retinol

Answer:

Column IColumn II
(i) Scorpion
(ii) Earthworm
(iii) Bacteria
(iv) Xerophthalmia
(v)  Osteomalacia
(d) Arthropoda
(c) Clitellum
(b) Capsule
(e) Retinol
(a) Calciferol

(f) Choose the odd term and categorize the rest under one group.
(i) Beriberi, Pellagra, Rickets, Marasmus, Pernicious anaemia.
(ii) Penicillum, Rhizopus, Mucor, Aspergillus, Streptococcus pneumonie.
(iii) Dogfish, Starfish, Jellyfish, Crayfish, Cuttlefish.
(iv) Sieve tubes, Fibres, Companion cells, Vessels.
(v) Cholera, Typhoid, Chicken pox, Tuberculosis, Diabetes.
Answer:
(i) Odd : Marasmus
Category : Vitamin deficiency diseases

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers

(ii) Odd : Streptococcus pneumonie
Category: Fungi

(iii) Odd : Dogfish
Category : Invertebrates

(iv) Odd: Vessels
Category : Components of phloem

(v) Odd : Diabetes
Category : Infectious or communicable diseases

(g) Given below are five s ets of terms. Rewrite the terms in correct order in a logical sequence beginning with the term that is underlined.
(i) Trachea, Alveoli, Bronchioles, Larynx, Nostrils.
(ii) Sacrum, Coccyx, Lumbar, Thoracic, Cervical vertebrae.
(iii) Phalanges. Humerus, Carpal, Radius-ulna, Metacarpal, Pectoral girdle.
(iv) Bolus, Salivary amylase, Mouth. Oesophagus, Peristalsis, Stomach.
(v) Fertilization, Germination of pollen grain, Pollination. Growth of pollen tube towards ovary, Formation of fruits and seeds.
Answer:
(i) Nostrils, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchioles, Alveoli.
(ii) Cervical vertebrae, Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacrum, Coccyx.
(iii) Phalanges, Metacarpal, Carpal, Radius-ulna, Humerus, Pectoral girdle.
(iv) Mouth, Salivary amylase, Bolus, Oesophagus, Peristalsis, Stomach.
(v) Pollination, Germination of pollen grain, Growth of pollen tube towards ovary, Fertilization, Formation of fruits and seeds.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers

(h) Give the exact function of the following :
(i) Xylem
(ii) Fibrous connective tissue
(iii) Bile
(iv) Foramen magnum
(v) Erector muscle
Answer:
(i) Xylem is a conducting tissue which conducts water upwards from roots to leaves and other parts of the plant.

(ii) Fibrous connective tissue form tendons and ligaments which connect bones to muscles and bone to bone respectively.

(iii) Bile neutralizes the acid content of food received from stomach and makes it alkaline so that enzymes from pancreatic juice and intestinal juice can act on various components of food and convert them into simpler form. It emulsifies fats i.e., it converts large fat globules into small droplets.

(iv) Foramen magnum is a hole in the back of cranium from which spinal cord emerging from brain continues behind the backbone.

(v) Erector muscles contracts and pulls the hair to vertical position and form goosebumps to produce heat, mainly during winter season when body is cold.

Section – II
(Attempt any four questions from this Section)

Question 2.
(a) Study the diagram given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers 1
(i) What does the figure represent ?
(ii) Label the parts 1-6.
(iii) What is the function of this cell ?
(iv) What is the function of the part labelled 1 and 6 ?
(v) Where is this cell likely to be found in the human body ?
Answer:
(i) The figure represents structure of a neuron/nerve cell.
(ii) 1-Dendrites, 2-Nucleus, 3-Cyton, 4-Nodes of Ranvier, 5-Axon terminals, 6-Axon.
(iii) Neuron conducts nerve impulses to different parts of the body. It is concerned with perception of stimuli and provides responses to the received stimuli. It transmit information to other nerve cells, muscles or glands.
(iv) Dendrites receive the impulses and transmit it into cyton.
Axons are the long cytoplasmic processes of neuron which carry impulses away from cyton.
(v) It is associated with nervous system of our body i.e., brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, spinal nerves etc.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers

(b) Study the diagram and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers 2
(i) Identify the type of tissue and give a reason to support your answer.
(ii) Identify parts 1-4 labelled in the figure above.
(iii) What are the functions of part labelled 1-4 ?
(iv) Where is this-tissue located ?
Answer:
(i) It is phloem tissue as the cells show cellular contents.
(ii) 1-Sieve plate, 2-Sieve cell, 3-Phloem parenchyma, 4-Companion cell.
(iii) Sieve plates are perforated which allow water and dissolved organic solutes to flow along the sieve tubes.
Sieve cell transports food from leaves to storage organs and other parts of the plant. Phloem parenchyma stores starch, fats and other organic food material. Companion cell helps in functioning of sieve tube cells.
(iv) It is found in leaves and stem of plants to transport manufactured food from leaves to other parts of the plant.

Question 3.
(a) The figure represents a part of a flower. Study it carefully and answer the following questions:
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers 3
(i) Identify the part of flower. What is the collective term for this organ known as ?
(ii) What is the main function of this part in a flower ?
(iii) Label the parts indicated in the figure.
(iv) Give the function of parts labelled 1 and 2.
Answer:
(i) It is the male reproductive organ of a flower called stamen. A group of stamens is collectively known as androecium.
(ii) It produces male gametes that play an important role in reproduction process.
(iii) 1-Pollen grains, 2-Anther, 3-Filament, 4-Stamen.
(iv) Pollen grains carry the male gamete which is transferred from anther to stigma of flower for fertilization process.
Anther produces the pollen grains which carry the male gametes.

(b) Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) Name three kinds of muscles found in human body and the places in the body where they are found.
(ii) What are nectaries and what is its function ?
(iii) What do you mean by hydrophilous flowers ? Give few characteristics of these flowers with an example.
(iv) Differentiate between respiration and breathing.
(v) Why do we shiver and our teeth chatter when it is very cold in winter ?
Answer:
(i) Three kinds of muscles found in our body are :
1. Striated/skeletal/striped/voluntary muscles : They move according to our will and are found in arms, legs, face, neck etc.

2. Unstriated/ smooth/ unstriped/ involuntary muscles : They do not move under our control or will. They are found in walls of intestine, iris muscles of eye, urinary bladder, uterus, lining of blood vessels etc.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers

3. Cardiac muscles : They are found in the walls of heart only and are involuntary in function.
(ii) Nectaries are group of nectar (which is a sweet fragrant liquid) secreting cells and they are situated usually at the base of petals or pistils. The nectar secreted by these cells attract insects like honeybees for cross pollination.
(iii) Hydrophilous flowers are those flowers whose pollination is done by water.
Some characteristics of these flowers are :
1. Flowers are colourless and small.
2. Pollen grains are light, long ribbon-like structures.
3. Flowers do not contain nector.
Example : Vallisneria

RespirationBreathing
Respiration is a biochemical process.Breathing is a physical process.
Respiration includes intake of oxygen, utilization by cells to release energy.Breathing is simply taking in of oxygen dioxide and giving out carbon

When outside temperature is low during winter, our body temperature starts to fall, so as to maintain our body heat. Hypothalamus initiates some mechanisms to generate body heat. There is sudden contraction of our body muscles which generate heat by shivering and our body temperature increases, feeling us warm. Teeth chattering is a form of shivering which keeps us warm.

Question 4.
(a) Study the figure given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers 4
(i) What does the figure represent ?
(ii) Label the parts 1-10.
(iii) Which is known as windpipe and how is it protected ?
(iv) Why is it advised to breathe through nose and not through mouth ?
(v) Name the functional unit of lungs.
Answer:
(i) The figure represents respiratory system of human beings.
(ii) 1-Nasal cavity, 2-Nostrils, 3-Larynx, 4-Pharynx, 5-Trachea, 6-Left bronchus, 7-Right bronchus, 8-Right lung, 9-Left lung, 10-Diaphragm.
(iii) Trachea is known as windpipe and it is protected by C-shaped cartilaginous rings which provide flexibility and keep it in distended condition.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers

(iv) Nostrils have fine hairs which trap large particles like dust and other foreign particles present in air and prevent them from entering into the respiratory tract. Nasal chamber warms and moistens the air and its mucous secretion traps the harmful particles letting dust and germ free air into our body. Thus, we should breathe through nose and not through mouth.
(v) Alveoli

(b) Differentiate the following :
(i) Actively acquired immunity and Passively acquired immunity.
(ii) Vaccination and Immunization.
(iii) Degradable and Non-degradable wastes.
(iv) Hinge joint and Ball and socket joint.
(v) Digestion in mouth and Digestion in stomach.
Answer:
(i)

Actively acquired immunityPassively acquired immunity
It is the resistance developed by the individual due to. previous infection which might enter the body naturally or introduced artificially by vaccination.Immunity acquired by an individual from an outside source in the form of readymade antibodies.

(ii)

VaccinationImmunization
Vaccination is the process of artificially introducing of dead or weakened germs or germ substances into our body to develop resistance for a particular disease.Immunization is the process of developing resistance to disease- producing germs or their toxins by introducing killed germs to induce production of specific antibodies.

(iii)

Degradable wasteNon-degradable waster
Degradable waste gets converted into simpler, non-toxic form by the action of microbes or other chemical means.
Examples : Animals waste, agricultural residues, peels of vegetables, fruits etc.
Non-degradable substances cannot be degraded by the action of microbes or other chemical process.
Examples : Plastics, metals, glass, electronic wastes etc.

(iv)

Hinge jointBall and Socket joint
Hinge joint moves like a hinge of door in one plane only. It is found in elbow joint, knee joint.Ball and socket joint is found in shoulder joint and hip joint which allows movement in all direction.

(v)

Digestion in mouthDigestion in stomach
In mouth, mainly starch is digested by the action of ptyalin enzyme of saliva and is converted into maltose.In stomach, proteins are mainly digested by the action of pepsin enzyme and are converted into polypeptides.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers

Question 5.
(a) Study the figure given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers 5
(i) What process does figure A and figure B represent ?
(ii) Label the parts 1-4 as indicated in the figures.
(iii) Define the process represented in figure A and B respectively.
(iv) Give some names of the agents that help in these processes.
(v) Give two advantages and disadvantages of the process represented in figure A.
Answer:
(i) Figure A represents self pollination and figure B represents cross pollination.
(ii) 1-Stigma, 2-Anther, 3-Petal, 4-Sepal.
(iii) Self pollination is the transfer of pollen grains from anther to stigma of same flower or stigma of another flower but in same plant. Cross pollination is the transfer of pollen grains from anther to stigma of flowers in different plants but of same species.
(iv) Some agents which help in pollination are water, wind, insects, birds, animals etc.
(v) Advantages of self pollination are :
1. Parental characters are preserved.
2. No need to produce large number of pollen grains for pollination.

Disadvantages :
1. It does not yield new varieties.
2. The defective or weaker character cannot be eliminated.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers

(b) Give biological terms for the following :
(i) The process by which seed germinates inside the fruit attached to the parent plant.
(ii) The opening through which pollen tube enters the embryo sac for fertilization.
(iii) The condition in which anther and stigma occupy different heights.
(iv) Chemicals found in the blood which acts against antigens.
(v) The wave of contraction and relaxation in gut to push the food.
(vi) The process of heating at very high temperature to kill microbes.
(vii) Animals whose body temperature remains constant.
(viii) The method of grouping living organisms based on their similarities and differences.
(ix) The first phase of breaking down of glucose in cytoplasm.
(x) The protective sheath of radicle.
Answer:
(i) Viviparous germination
(ii) Micropyle
(iii) Heterostyly
(iv) Antibodies
(v) Peristalsis
(vi) Sterilization
(vii) Homeothermic animals
(viii) Classification
(ix) Glycolysis
(x) Coleorhiza

Question 6.
(a) Answer the following questions related to our skin :
(i) Write a brief note on epidermis layer of skin.
(ii) State some functions of skin.
(iii) List four ways in which the skin serves as a protective layer for our body.
(iv) What is melanin ? State its function also.
Answer:
(i) Epidermis is the outermost thin layer of the skin which has three layers :
1. Stratum comeum which is the outermost layer made up of dead cells. These cells are made up of structural protein keratin. These cells get replaced continuously. This layer is tough and provide resistance against bacterial infection, mechanical damage and loss of water by evaporation.

2. Granular layer is thin middle layer which gives way to outermost comified layer.

3. Malpighian layer is the innermost layer which actively divides to produce new cells to replace worn out cells of corneum layer. Pigment melanin is present in this layer which protects us from harmful UV rays of sun.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers

(ii) Some functions of skin are :
1. It prevents the entry of disease-causing germs, harmful UV rays of sun.
2. It provides sensation for touch, pain, pressure, heat etc.
3. It regulates our body temperature.
4. It excretes out excess water, salts in the form of sweat.
5. It helps in synthesis of vitamin D when exposed to sunlight.
6. It stores reserve food in the form of fat layer.

(iii) The four ways in which skin serves as a protective layer are :
1. It protects us from harmful UV rays of sun.
2. It prevents excessive loss of water by evaporation thus conserves our body fluids.
3. It protects the underlying tissues from injury and mechanical shocks.
4. It prevents entry of harmful substances and disease-causing germs into our body.

(iv) Melanin is a pigment present in the cells of malpighian layers which provides colouration to our skin. It also protects our body from harmful effects of the UV rays of sun.

(b) Study the diagram given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers 6
(i) Name the parts labelled 1-7.
(ii) Identify the type of tooth and give a reason to support your answer.
(iii) Which is the hardest substance in our body ?
(iv) Describe the part labelled 3.
(v) What are the different types of teeth present in human beings ? Also state their function.
Answer:
1-Enamel, 2-Dentine, 3-Pulp, 4-Cement, 5-Crown, 6-Neck, 7-Root.
(ii) It is either an incisor or canine teeth as it has only one root.
(iii) Enamel
(iv) Pulp is the soft connective tissue found in the pulp cavity of the tooth which consists of blood capillaries, lymph vessels and nerve fibres.
(v) There are four different types of teeth :
1. Incisors for cutting and biting.
2. Canines for holding and tearing the food.
3. Premolars for grinding and crushing the food.
4. Molars for grinding and crushing the food.
5. It helps in synthesis of vitamin D when exposed to sunlight.
6. It stores reserve food in the form of fat layer.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers

Question 7.
(a) Study the diagram given below and answer the questions that follow :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers 7
(i) Label the parts.
(ii) Give some functions of human skeleton.
(iii) What constitute our rib cage ?
(iv) Name the bones of leg.
(v) What are girdles ? Mention its types.
Answer:
(a) (i) 1-Cranium, 2-Mandible, 3-Clavicle, 4-Stemum, 5-Rib cage, 6-Humerus, 7-Ulna, 8-Radius, 9-Carpals, 10-Metacarpals, 11-Phalanges, 12-Vertebral column.
(ii) Some functions of human skeleton are :
1. It provides support and shape to our body.
2. It protects our delicate organs.
3. They bring about movement.
4. They are storehouse of calcium and phosphorus.
5. Some bone marrow of long bones helps in formation of blood cells.
(iii) 12 pairs of ribs along with thoracic vertebrae and sternum forms our rib cage.
(iv) Tibia, fibula, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges, femur and patella.
(v) Girdles are the part of skeleton which help to articulate the limb bones to the axial skeleton. They are of two types-shoulder pectoral girdle and hip pelvic girdle.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers

(b) Study the diagram given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 3 with Answers 8
(i) What processes are depicted in figure A and B ?
(ii) An error is there in the figure above. Can you point out the error ?
(iii) What does the following represent in our body :
1. Bell jar
2. Balloons
3. Rubber sheet
4. Tube
(iv) Give the significance of this process in our body.
Answer:
Breathing process i.e., inspiration and expiration.
(ii) In figure B since balloons are inflated, so rubber sheet should be pulled inwards towards the bell jar.
(iii) 1. Thoracic cavity
2. Lungs
3. Diaphragm
4. Trachea and bronchi
(iv) Breathing is a very important process by which we take in oxygen gas and give out carbon dioxide. By inhalation process, we take in oxygen for breaking down of glucose to release energy which is required to carry out our metabolic activities. The harmful carbon dioxide gas released by oxidation of glucose is removed from our body by exhalation process.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Question Papers with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(M.M : 80)
(2 Hours )

Genaral Instruction

  • Answers to this Paper must be written on the paper provided separately.
  • You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes.
  • This time is to be spent in reading the question paper.
  • The time given at the head of this Paper is the time allowed for writing the answers.
  • Attempt Seven questions in all.
  • Part I is compulsory. All questions from Part I are to be attempted.
  • A total of five questions are to be attempted from Part II.
  • The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

Part -1 [30 Marks]
(Attempt all questions from this Part)

Question 1.
Answer the following questions briefly :
(a) Why die lines of longitudes are also called meridians ? [2]
(b) (i) What is meant by the inclination of the Earth’s axis ? [2]
(ii) At what angle is the Earth’s axis inclined ?
(c) State two differences between rocks and minerals. [2]
(d) Explain the following terms : [2]
(i) Exfoliation
(ii) Oxidation
(e)(i) What are Jet streams ? – [2]
(ii) State any one importance of Jet streams.
(f) Draw a well labeled diagram of orographic rainfall. [2]
(g) Name any two sources of soil pollution. [2]
(ii) State the impact of soil pollution on agricultural production.
(h) With the reference to the Natural regions of the. world answer the following : [2]
(i) Why does the Taiga region not exist in the Southern hemisphere?
(ii) Prairies are called the granaries of the world.
(i) How does the rotation of the earth influence the direction of the ocean currents? [2]
(j) (i) What is Coriolis Effect ? [2]
(ii) How does it affect the planetary winds ?
Answer:
Answer 1.
(a) Longitudes are also known as meridians because in geographical sense, meridians are great circles which are not parallel to each other but intersect each other at the North and the South Poles. Same stands true of the longitudes.

(b) (i) This tilted position of the earth’s axis is known as inclination of the earth’s axis.
(ii) The earth’s axis makes an angle of about 66.5 degrees with the plane of its orbit
around the sun or about 23.5 degrees from the perpendicular to the ecliptic but this changes over long periods of time. The tilt of the axis varies between 22.1 and 24.5 degrees with a cycle averaging about 40,000 years.

(c) Two differences between rocks and minerals are :
1. A mineral is a solid formation that occurs naturally in the earth while a rock is a solid combination of more than one mineral which also occurs naturally.
2. A mineral has a unique chemical composition and is defined by its crystalline structure and shape. On the other hand, a rock can be composed of several minerals and it is classified according to the process of its formation.

(d) (i) Exfoliation is the term used to describe the peeling away of sheets of rock, millimeters to meters in thickness from a rock’s surface due to a range of physical and chemical processes during exhumation and weathering.

(ii) Oxidation .is the reaction of a substance with oxygen. This is the process that causes rust. When iron in rocks reacts with oxygen, it forms iron oxide, which weakens the rock. It is natural process of weathering.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(e) (i) Jet streams are like rivers of wind high above in the atmosphere. These slim strips of strong winds have a huge influence on climate, as they can push air masses around and affect weather patterns. Jet streams basically forms a border between hot and cold air.

(ii) Importance of jet stream are :
1. The location of the jet stream is extremely important for aviation.
2. They are useful in weather forecasting.

(f)
ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers.1
(g) (i) Agricultural chemicals and industrial wastes are the two importance sources of soil pollution.
(ii) The harmful chemicals present in the soil increase toxicity which reduces soil fertility and yield, thus soil becomes unfit for agriculture production.

(h) (i) Taiga region does not exist in the southern hemisphere because :
1. There isn’t enough land mass in the Southern hemisphere.
2. The climate in Southern hemisphere does not support coniferous plants.
(ii) The Prairies are called the ‘Granaries of the world’ because of the huge production of wheat in this region and fertility of soil.
(i) The rotation of the Earth are greatly influence by the direction of ocean currents. In the Northern hemisphere, wind and current are deflected toward the right, in the Southern hemisphere they are deflected to the left, this force of earth is known as coriolis force.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(j) (i) The rotation of the Earth causes an interesting phenomenon on free moving objects
on the Earth. Objects in the Northern hemisphere are deflected to the right, while objects in the Southern hemisphere are deflected to the left. The Coriolis Effect, thus, tries to force winds to shift towards the right or left.

(ii) The Coriolis Effect helps determine the direction of planetary or global winds by causing them to curve or deflect, as the Earth rotates. In the Northern hemisphere, winds curve to the right in the direction of motion. Air moving toward the equator curves to the west, while air moving away from the equator curves to the east.

Question 2.
On the outline World map mark and label the following :
(a) The Rockies [1]
(b) The Brazilian Highland (1]
(c) River Volga [1]
(d) Gulf of Mexico [1]
(e) Strait of Gibralter [1]
(f) Sea of Japan [1]
(g) South China Sea [1]
(h) The Canadian Shield [1]
(i) River Amazon [1]
(j) Shade and label the Equatorial region in the continent of Africa. [1]
Answer:
ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers.2

Part – II [50 Marks]
(Attempt any five Questions from this Part)

Question 3.
(a) (i) Why are latitudes also called parallels of latitude? [2]
(ii) Why are all the lines of longitude of the same length?
(b) State two effects of the rotation of the earth. [2]
(c) Give geographical reason for each of the following : [3]
(i) Greater circles are the shortest routes between two places.
(ii) The Earth is a habitable planet.
(iii) Kuala Lumpur rotates faster on the Earth’s axis than London.
(d) Draw a neat labelled diagram showing the position of the Earth during solistiee. [3]
Answer:
(a) (i) The lines that run from east to west are the lines of latitude. They are also called parallels because they are always at the same distance from each other. Lines of latitude are measured in degrees north and south of the equator.

(ii) Each line of longitude equals to the half of the circumference of the Earth because each extends from the North Pole to the South Pole forming semi-circle of equal. length at equal distance.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(b) The two effects of rotation of the Earth are:
1. Days and nights are caused.
2. Deflection of ocean currents are caused.

(c) (i) As the Earth is sphere in shape, Greater Circles is the 0° latitude passes through the center of the globe which is the shortest routes between two places.

(ii) Earth is the habitable planet, Earth is the only planet that supports life due to presence of sufficient sunlight, water, and climate which are helpful for existence of life.

(iii) The Earth rotates on its axis with a certain speed, and latitudinal differences make Earth rotate faster in Kuala Lampur than in London.

(d)
ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers.3

Question 4.
(a) What is the composition of the Earth’s Crust ? [2]
(b) (i) Differences between intermont plateau and volcanic plateau. [2]
(ii) Give an example of residual mountain and an example of depositional plain.
(c) Draw a neat labelled diagram of the Rock cycle. [3]
(d) Give a reason for each of the following : . [3]
(i) Igneous rocks are also called as Primary rocks.
(ii) Fossils are present in Sedimentary rocks.
(iii) The core of the Earth is in a semi-solid state.
Answer:
(a) Earth’s crust is made up of two layers sial and sima.
Sial : It consist of solid or continental part of Earth’s crust.
Sima : It is the lower continuous layer.

(b) (i) When a plateau is covered by mountains on all sides it is called an intermon plateau. The Tibetin plateau, the Bolivian .plateau are the examples of the intermon plateau. Whereas, Volcanic plateaus are produced by the volcanic activity. Basically the lava which flows down from the volcano accumulates and forms a plateau. The Deccan plateau is an example of the volcanic plateau.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(ii) The harder rocks that stand out as highlands or hills, are called as the Residual Mountains. The mountain ranges of Norway, Sweden, the King of Africa, the Sierra of Spain, the Eastern Ghats, Western Ghats are example of residual mountains. Whereas, Depositional plains are formed by the deposition of materials brought by various agents of transportation such as rivers, wind, waves, and glaciers. The plains of Mississippi delta, Lombardi plains (Italy) formed by Po river, Yangtze plain (China,}, Indus plain (Ganga) are examples of depositional plains.

(c)
ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers.4

(d) (i) Igneous rocks are created from the cooling of molten magma/lava. All other rocks are derived from them, that is why igneous rocks are referred as parent rock or primary rocks.

(ii) Among the three major types of rock, fossils are commonly found in sedimentary rocks because’ unlike most igneous and metamorphic rocks, sedimentary rocks are formed at a temperature and pressures that do not destroy fossil remnants thus, fossils are present in sedimentary rock.

(iii) Core of the Earth is divided into two parts-outer core and inner core, in between the solid inner core and solid mantle of the Earth, there is a liquid layer which is more than 2,000 kilometers thick. Thus, the Earth core is semi-solid.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

Question 5.
(a) Name any two types of volcanoes giving one example of each type. [2]
(b) Define the following terms : [2]
(i) Epicentre
(ii) Focus
(c) Give a geographical reason for each of the following : [3]
(i) Volcanic activity and earthquakes occur in the same belt.
(ii) All rivers do not form a delta.
(iii) Chemical weathering is more common in the tropical region.
(d) Explain the meaning of the following terms : [3]
(i) Deflation hollow
(ii) River meander
(iii) Block disintegration.
Answer:
(a) Two types of volcanoes are :
1. Stratovolcanoes (Composite Volcanoes): Mayon, a stratovolcano in the Philippines.
2. Shield Volcanoes : Islands of the state of Hawaii

(b) (i) The point on the Earth’s surface vertically above the focus of an earthquake is called epicenter. It is the point nearest to the surface of Earth and marks the site where the quake is strongest.

(ii) The focus is also called the hypocenter of an earthquake. The vibrating waves travel away from the focus of the earthquake in all directions. The waves can be so powerful they will reach all parts of the Earth and cause it to vibrate like a tuning fork.

(c) (i) Volcanic activity and earthquakes occur in the same belts. It is because, the earthquakes and volcanoes are formed along the faults between tectonic plates, where the crust is weakest.

(ii) All rivers do not form a delta because, deltas are formed by the process of sedimentation in the river mouth, and this sedimentation occurs when water is flowing at a slow speed. Rivers which flow at a high speed do not form any delta. There are four rivers in India which do not form the deltas, because of their fast flow. They are Narmada, Sabarmati, Mahi and Tapti.

(iii) Tropical areas tend to experience rapid chemical weathering because they experience large amounts of consistent rainfall and constantly warm temperatures which increases the rates of chemical weathering. These conditions also encourage the decomposition of plant matter to produce chemicals such as humic acids and carbon dioxide which further accelerate process of chemical weathering.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(d) (i) Deflation hallow are enclosed depression produced by wind erosion. It may be found both in hot deserts, where wind may scour a hollow in relatively unconsolidated material, and in more temperate regions, where a protective vegetation cover has been removed by a sand dune.

(ii) A river meander is one of a series of regular sinuous curves, bends, loops, turns, or windings in the channel of a river, stream, or other water course. It is produced by a stream or river swinging from side to side as it flows across its floodplain or shifts its channel within a valley.

(iii) Block disintegration is common over well-jointed granit. In day time, intense solar heating causes rooks to expand. At night, the temperature falls down, rocks cool down and contract. This repeated expansion and contraction produce stress along joints.

Question 6.
(a) State four factors that affect the movement of the ocean currents. [2]
(b) Draw a neat and well labeled diagram showing the two types of tides. [2]
(c) Give a reason for each of the following. [3]
(i) Newfoundland has rich fishing grounds.
(ii) The eastern coast of Japan is warm even in January.
(iii) The tidal range differs from one water body to the other.
(d) State three ways in which oceans are important to us. [3]
Answer:
(a) An ocean current is a continuous, directed movement of seawater. Factors affecting the movement of ocean current are the Rotation of Earth (Coriolis Force), forces acting via winds, temperature and salinity, planetary winds and land.

(b)
ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers.5

(c) (i) The Grand Banks of Newfoundland are a group of underwater plateaus south-east of Newfoundland on the North American continental shelf. Here cold Labrador Current mixes with the warm waters of the Gulf Stream. The Continental shelves due to their shallowness enable sunlight to penetrate through the water, which encourages the growth of minute plants and other microscopic organisms. Thus, they are rich in plankton growth on which millions of surface and bottom feeding fishes thrive. This makes it one of the largest fishing grounds of the world.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(ii) The climate varies greatly between the north and the south but generally winters are significantly milder and sunnier than those of the side that faces the Sea of Japan. Summers are hot due to the southeast seasonal wind. The warmest winter temperatures are found due to the combination of latitude, distance from the Asian mainland, and warming effect of winds from the Kuroshio, as well as the Volcano Islands. So, this is the reason for the eastern coast of Japan as it experiences warm even in January.

(iii) The tidal range is the vertical difference between the high tide and the succeeding low tide. Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of the Earth.

(d) The following points prove the importance of oceans to us :
1. Biodiversity: Coral reefs, salt marshes, estuaries and mangrove and seagrass beds are just a few of the ocean environments which support a large number of different species of organisms – that is, have a high biodiversity.

2. Natural resources: The ocean floor habitat is not as well-known as coral reefs or coastal areas, but it is very important to all the organisms that live on the bottom (benthic organisms), as well as commercially important. The continental shelves and ocean floor are home to many important minerals, including oil and natural gas.

3. Transportation: Not only are oceans important to sustain life, but also for moving materials that we use. Without commercial ships and barges, transportation of goods from place to place would be difficult and expensive. Cities which have good natural harbors have always had an advantage, and even today are some of the largest cities in the world are beside the ocean.

4. Climate and weather: The oceans interact with and affect global weather and climate. As the air passes over warm waters, it rises due to warming. As it cools, condensation of the water creates rainfall.

Question 7.
(a) “Higher the latitude, lower is the temperature.[2]
Justify the statement with an example.
(b) (i) What is the cause of ozone depletion? [2]
(ii) State the impact of ozone depletion on human life.
(c) Give a reason for each of the following : [3]
(i) The snow on the slope of Himalayas in Nepal melt faster than that on the slope towards Tibet.
(ii) Tropical deserts have a large annual range of temperatures.
(iii) Equatorial regions have low atmospheric pressure throughout the year.
(d) Draw a neat labeled diagram of the structure of the Earth’s atmosphere. [3]
Answer:
(a) At higher latitudes, the sun’s rays strike at a lower angle, which means that the solar energy is spread over a wider area. The amount of light hitting the two points are the same, but because it strikes the northern point at a lower angle than the southern point, it covers a greater area and has more spread out. As such, the heat is also more spread out as compared to the equator, resulting in it being relatively cooler.

(b) (i) The primary cause of ozone depletion is the presence of chlorine-containing source
gases (primarily CFCs and related halocarbons). In the presence of UV light, these gases dissociate, releasing chlorine atoms, which then go on to catalyze ozone destruction.

(ii) As ozone depletion is in the form of a ‘hole’ in the layer. This hole enables harmful ultraviolet rays to enter the Earth’s atmosphere. Ultraviolet rays of the Sun are associated with a number of health-related and environmental issues such as skin cancers, eye cataracts and a reduction in the ability to fight off disease. Furthermore, UV radiation can be damaging to microscopic life in the surface oceans which forms the basis of the world’s food chain.

(c) (i) The most important factor that makes snow in the Himalayas in Nepal melt faster than Tibet is due to climatic variations between two places.

(ii) The tropical desert has the highest mean annual temperature of climate on Earth. The high temperatures are a result of the high sun angles throughout the year and thus this area receives highest percentage of sunshine on Earth.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(iii) The Equatorial region have low atmospheric pressure throughout the year because Sun shines almost vertically on the equator throughout the year. As a result, the air gets warm and rises over the equatorial region and produces equatorial low pressure.

(d)
ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers.6

Question 8.
(a) Name the regions in which the following local winds blow : [2]
(i) Chinook
(ii) Mistral
(iii) Foehn
(iv) Loo
(b) (i) What are ‘doldrums”? [2]
(ii) Why is it so called?
(c) Draw a well labelled diagram of sea breeze. [3]
(d) Give a reason for each of the following : [3]
(i) Roaring forties and furious fifties are found in the Southern hemisphere.
(ii) Low atmospheric pressure prevails over the circum polar region.
(iii) Cyclones are always followed by anticyclones.
Answer:
(a) (i) Chinook : Inland western North America, particularly the Rocky Mountain region.
(ii) Mistral : Rhone Valley to the Mediterranean.
(iii) Foehn : Northern side of the Alps and North Italy.
(iv) Loo : Western Indo-Gangetic Plain region of North India and Pakistan.

(b) (i) Doldrums are the the regions surrounding the Earth, north of the equator. They are areas where there is absolutely no air movement and an intense low pressure exists. It is believed that the ships sailing through this region gets stuck for weeks if they do not have sufficient sail power to move them forward.
(ii) As in this region, sailors noticed the stillness in the blowing air because of which this region has got a depressing name “doldrums.”

(c)
ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers.7

(d) (i) Roaring forties and furious fifties are found in Southern hemisphere because the Southern hemisphere is less obstructed by land mass than its Northern counterpart. There is more open water between land masses and the winds get to set their own rules.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(ii) These belts located between 60° and 70° in each hemisphere are known as Circum Polar Low Pressure Belts. In the Sub-Tropical region the descending air gets divided into two parts. One part blows towards the Equatorial Low Pressure Belt. The other part blows towards the Circum-Polar Low Pressure Belt. This zone is marked by ascent of warm Sub-Tropical air over cold polar air blowing from poles. Due to Earth’s rotation, the winds surrounding the Polar region blow towards the Equator. Centrifugal forces operating in this region create the low pressure belt appropriately called Circum-Polar Low Pressure Belt. This region is marked by violent storms in winter.

(iii) A cyclone and anticyclone are systems of winds that rotate around a center of low atmospheric pressure and high atmospheric pressure respectively. Cyclones (known as lows) generally are indicators of rain, clouds, and other forms of bad weather. Anticyclones (highs) are predictors of fair weather.

Winds in a cyclone blow anticlockwise in the Northern hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern hemisphere. Winds in an anticyclone blow just the opposite. Vertical air movements are associated with both cyclones and anticyclones. In cyclones, air close to the ground is forced inward toward the center of the cyclone, where pressure is lowest. It then begins to rise upward, expanding and cooling in the process.

This cooling increases the humidity of the rising air, which results in cloudiness and high humidity in the cyclone. In anticyclones, the situation is reversed. Air at the center of an anticyclone is forced away from the high pressure that occurs there. That air is replaced in the center by a downward draft of air from higher altitudes. As this air moves downward, it is compressed and warmed. This warming reduces the humidity of the descending air, which results in few clouds and low humidity in the anticyclone.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

Question 9.
(a) Distinguish between absolute and relative humidity. [2]
(b) (i) Name the type of rainfall experienced in Equatorial region. [2]
(ii) State two characteristic features of rainfall mentioned by you.
(c) (i) How is dew formed? [3]
(ii) How is frost different from, dew?
(iii) Why is fog commonly formed in the winter season?
(d) Give the reason for each of the following : [3]
(i) A rain shadow area is generally dry.
(ii) Frontal rain is common in mid latitudes.
(iii) Conventional rainfall is also called 4 o’ clock rainfall.
Answer:
(a) Absolute humidity is the measure of water vapor (moisture) in the air, regardless of temperature. It is expressed as grams of moisture per cubic meter of air (g/m3) whereas Relative humidity also measures water vapour but relative to the temperature of the air. It is expressed as the amount of water vapour in the air as a percentage of the total amount that could be held at its current temperature. Warm air can hold far more moisture than cold air meaning that the relative humidity of cold air would be far higher than warm air if their absolute humidity levels were equal. Relative humidity is cited in weather forecasts as it affects how we “feel” temperature.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(b) (i) Conventional rainfall is the type of rainfall experienced in equatorial region.
(ii) Two features of conventional rainfall are :
1. As the warm air rises, it cools, and the moisture present in it condenses to form clouds-altostratus clouds. This rain falls steadily for a few hours to a few days.
2. This type of rainfall is accompained by thunder and lightning but does not last long.

(c) (i) Dew drops are formed due to condensation of water vapours, this process depends on the temperature. The temperature at which droplets are formed is called the dew point.

(ii) Frost forms in the same way as dew except it occurs when the dewpoint is below freezing point. The moisture goes straight from a gas to a solid. But, if the moisture goes from a gas to a liquid and to a solid, the result will be frozen dew.

(iii) Fog is simply when clouds form at zero altitude above ground level. This is more likely to happen at times of high pressure in winter as wind speeds are so low that the fog cannot clear. On a clear winter’s night, the ground cools substantially, cooling the air in immediate contact with it so it reaches the dewpoint the temperature at which water vapour in the air condenses into tiny droplets. The air above the surface- cloud layer (i.e. fog) is slightly warmer. This is called an inversion.

(d) (i) A rain shadow is a dry area on the side of a mountain opposite to the wind. It is called as the dry side of the mountain or the leeward side because mountains block the passage of rain producing wine and cast a shadow of dryness behind them.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(ii) Frontal rain causes when two air masses meet, one a warm air mass and one a cold air mass. This happens in mid-latitude region where the cold air masses coming from the polar regions meet the warm air masses from sub-tropical regions.

(iii) Conventional rainfall is termed as 4′ Q clock rainfall because such kind of rainfall caused by upliftment of air due to high temperature in equatorial region. Due to intense heating in this region air starts rising as a result of this by noon the sky becomes overcast with clouds and torrential rain occurs in afternoon.

Question 10.
(a) Explain how industrial waste and vehicular emissipn act as the source of air pollution. [2]
(b) Which health hazards are associated with radioactive waste? [2]
(c) (i) What is organic farming? [3]
(ii) Why is this form farming gaining popularity in recent times?
(d) Discuss how individuals may reduce energy consumption to create a cleaner and eco-friendly world. [3]
Answer:
(a) The factories produce a lot of waste every day and they are dumping their chemical and other waste wherever they want and polluting the air, water, and land. It causes the soil pollution and climate change which are dangerous for earth’s biodiversity. Outdoor air pollution is caused mainly by the combustion of petroleum products or coal by motor vehicles, industry, and power stations.

(b) Exposure to large amounts of radioactivity can cause nausea, vomiting, hair loss, and diarrhea and hemorrhage, destruction of the intestinal lining, central nervous system damage, and death. It also causes DNA damage and raises the risk of cancer, particularly in young children and fetuses.

(c) (i) Organic farming is a method of farming that involves production and maintenance of crops without the use of pesticides, fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, antibiotics and growth hormones.

(ii) Organic farming is gaining popularity because of the following reasons:

  • Organic Farming discourages environmental exposure to pesticides and chemicals.
  • Organic Fanning builds healthy soil.
  • Organic Farming helps combat erosion.
  • Organic Farming fights the effects of global warming.
  • Organic Farming supports water conservation and water health.

(d) Individuals can reduce energy consumption to create a cleaner and eco-friendly world in the following ways :
1. Unplug the appliances when they’re not in use.
2. Buy appliances with a good energy rating.
3. Pick the right washing machine.
4. Choose an energy-efficient fridge.
5. Insulate the roof or ceiling.
6. Seal the chimney with a damper.
7. Avoid installing down lights.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

Question 11.
(a) Why are the tropical deserts found along the western margins of the continents? [2]
(b) Name the economic activities practiced in the tropical grasslands. [2]
(c) Give a reason for each of the following : [3]
(i) “The Equatorial region is also called the lungs of the world.”
(ii) The trees found in the Mediterranean region have long roots and thick barks.
(iii) Tundra region has a low annual range of temperature.
(d) (i) What type of climate is experienced in the north-western part of Europe? [3]
(ii) What is the human response to the typical climate of this region?
Answer:
(a) Most of the world’s deserts are found on the western margins of continents in the subtropics because the prevailing winds in this region are tropical easterly winds. The tropical easterly winds become dry by the time they reach the western margins of the continents and so they bring no rainfall.

(b) Tropical Grassland (Savanna Biome) since the prehistoric time is a forests dominated the surface of the earth. The main occupations are agriculture including subsistence farming, livestock and nomadic herding.

(c) (i) Equatorial regions are often called the “lungs of the planet” because this region is
characterised tropican rainforests which have heavey growth of natural vegetation, here trees are tall and broad leaved and evergreen, they generally draw in carbon dioxide and breathe out oxygen. The amount of carbon dioxide they absorb, is very high thus they are called lungs of planet.

(ii) Mediterranean trees adapt themselves to dry summers with the help of their thick barks and wax coated leaves which help them reduce transpiration. Also, here the plants have long tap roots to reach underground water, called “Xerophytes’ Plants”. Mediterranean regions are known as ‘Orchards of the world’.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(iii) Tundra region has a very low range of temperature because of very little difference in day and night temperatures but the annual range is quite large. This region experiences very low mean annual temperature for most part of the year temperature is below freezing point. The severe climate does not favor much vegetation growth and hence most of the areas under Tundra climate remain barren land.

(d) (i) The climate of Europe varies from subtropical to polar. The Mediterranean climate of the south is dry and warm. The western and northwestern parts have a mild,generally humid climate, influenced by the North Atlantic Drift. In central and eastern Europe the climate is of’ the humid continental-type with cool summers.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(ii) Water plays a crucial role in the lives and economic activity of the people in this region. Most of north-western Europe lies within 300 miles of a sea or coast; many people depend on the rivers for transportation, trade, and recreational activities.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Question Papers with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

Section -1
(Attempt all questions from this section)

Question 1.
(a) Name the following :
(i) The lubricating fluid around a movable skeletal joint.
(ii) The method of disposal of waste by burning.
(iii) The drug based on arsenic compound produced in 1910 which killed germs of syphilis.
(iv) Maximum air which can, at any time, be held in the two lungs.
(v) Modified sebaceous glands found in auditory canal which secrete ear wax.
Answer:
(i) Synovial fluid
(ii) Incineration
(iii) Salvarsan
(iv) Total lung capadty
(v) Ceruminous glands

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(b) Choose the correct answer from each of the four options given below :
(i) A particular species of which one of the following, is the source bacterium of the antibiotic discovered next to penicillin for the treatment of tuberculosis
(a) Escherichia
(b) Streptomyces
(c) Rhizobium
(d) Nitrobacter
Answer:
(b) Streptomyces

(ii) Fat soluble vitamins are :
(a) A, D and E
(b) B, C and D
(c) B, D and E
(d) A, B and C
Answer:
(a) A, D and E

(iii) The enzymes found in intestinal juice are :
(a) Trypsin, amylase, lactase
(b) Steapsin, lipase, erepsin
(c) Maltase, lipase, erepsin
(d) Sucrase, trypsin, steapsin
Answer:
(c) Maltase, lipase, erepsin

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(iv) Which one of the following categories of vertebrae are correctly numbered ?
(a) Sacral – 4
(b) Thoracic – 10
(c) Lumbar – 4
(d) Cervical – 7
Answer:
(d) Cervical – 7

(v) Anaerobic respiration normally occurs in :
(a) Grass
(b) Coconut
(c) Cactus
(d) Baker’s yeast
Answer:
(d) Baker’s yeast

(c) Fill in the blanks :
(i) The fluid mosaic model of plasma membrane was given by …………….
(ii) The covering of muscle fibre is …………….
(iii) The whorl of floral leaves outside the sepal is called …………….
(iv) The pollen tube enters the ovule through the …………….
(v) The outermost cover of the seed is …………….
Answer:
(i) Singer and Nicolson
(ii) Sarcolemma
(iii) Epicalyx
(iv) Micropyle
(v) Testa

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(d) Match the items of column I with those in column II and rewrite the correct matching pairs :

Column IColumn II
(i) Flower stalk(a) Involuntary
(ii) Tendon(b) Pedicel
(iii) Cardiac muscle(c) Connect muscle to bone
(iv) Trachea(d) Site of gaseous exchange
(v) Alveoli(e) Windpipe

Answer:

Column IColumn II
(i)  Flower stalk
(ii) Tendon
(iii) Cardiac muscle
(iv) Trachea
(v)  Alveoli
(b) Pedicel
(c) Connect muscle to bone
(a) Involuntary
(e) Windpipe
(d) Site of gaseous exchange

(e) Identify the odd term in each set and name the category to which the remaining 3 belong :
(i) Lysol, Benzoic acid, DDT, Mercurochrome.
(ii) Cholera, Typhoid, Tuberculosis, Malaria.
(iii) Pleura, Trachea, Bronchi, Pericardium.
(iv) Caecum, Duodenum, Ileum, Jejunum.
(v) Sucrose, Maltose, Lactose, Fructose.
Answer:
(i) Odd: DDT
Category: Antiseptics

(ii) Odd : Malaria
Category: Bacterial diseases

(iii) Odd : Pericardium
Category : Parts of respiratory system

(iv) Odd : Caecum
Category : Parts of small intestine

(v) Odd : Fructose
Category : Disaccharides

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(f) Mention the exact location of the following :
(i) Epiglottis
(ii) Subcutaneous fat layer
(iii) Scapula
(iv). Caecum
(v) Stigma
Answer:
(f) (i) Epiglottis is flap-like structure located at the entrance of windpipe.
(ii) Subcutaneous fat layer are layers of fat cells found beneath the dermis.
(iii) Scapula is a flat triangular shaped bone which lies dorsally on upper ribs on either side of vertebral column in the thorax region.
(iv) Caecum is situated at the junction of small intestine and large intestine.
(v) Stigma is located at the top of pistil.

(g) Differentiate between the following pairs on the basis of guidelines given in brackets :
(i) Chicken pox and AIDS (causative agent)
(ii) Red Cross and WHO (main role)
(iii) Hypoxia and Asphyxiation (definition)
(iv) Hinge joint and Ball and Socket joint (location)
(v) Pepsin and Ptyalin (function)
Answer:

(i)

Chicken poxAIDS
Causative agent is Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV).Causative agent is Human Immuno- denficiency Virus (HIV).

(ii)

Red Cross WHO
The main role of Red Cross is to extend relief and help to the victims of calamity like flood, earthquake, fire, famine etc.The main role of WHO is to collect and supply information about occurrence of diseases of epidemic nature.

(iii)

Hypoxia Asphyxiation
Hypoxia is a condition in which body or region of body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level.Asphyxiation is the condition in which blood becomes more venous due to accumulation of carbon dioxide and the oxygen supply is diminished.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(iv)

Hinge jointBall and Socket joint
Hinge joint is found in elbow between humerus and ulna, bones of finger and toes, knee joint.Ball and socket joint is found in shoulder joint where head of humerus fits into socket of shoulder girdle.

(v)

Pepsin Ptyalin
Pepsin acts on protein and converts it into peptides.Ptyalin acts on carbohydrate and coverts it into maltose and glucose.

(h) Study the diagram given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers 1
Identify the cell A and B. Give reason in support of your answer.
(ii) List the structures present in both cells A and B.
(iii) Name the structures found only in plant cells and those found only in animal cells.
(iv) Name the powerhouse of the cell.
(v) What is the site of protein synthesis ?
Answer:
(i) Cell A is plant cell because it contains cell wall, chloroplasts, large vacuoles. Cell B is animal cell as cell wall and chloroplasts are absent and centrosome is present.
(ii) The structures present in both cells are mitochondria, nucleus, cell membrane,
endoplasmic reticulum, golgi complex, ribosomes etc.
(iii) Cell wall, chloroplasts are present only in plant cells whereas centrosome is found only in animal cells.
(iv) ‘Mitochondria
(v) Ribosomes

Section – II
(Attempt any four questions from this section)

Question 2.
(a) Study the diagram given below and answer the following :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers 2

(i) Label the parts 1-8 as indicated in diagram above.
(ii) Name the digestive glands labelled in the diagram. Also name their secretions.
(iii) Give the names of enzymes secreted by part 4 and write their functions.
(iv) In which part of the given figure, mostly water is absorbed ?
Answer:
(i) 1-Oesophagus, 2-Stomach, 3-Liver, 4-Pancreas, 5-Large intestine, 6-Small intestine, 7-Anus, 8-Vermiform appendix.
(ii) Digestive glands are pancreas and liver and their secretions are pancreatic juice and bile respectively.
(iii) Enzymes secreted by pancreas are :
1. Pancreatic amylase : It acts on starch and converts to maltose.
2. Trypsin : It acts on proteins and polypeptides to produce smaller peptides and amino acids.
3. Steapsin : It acts on emulsified fats and converts to fatty acids and glycerol.
(iv) Water is mostly absorbed in large intestine.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(b) Answer the following briefly :
(i) Give the postulates of cell theory.
(ii) Give some characteristics of meristematic tissues.
(iii) Define inflorescence and placentation.
(iv) Mention some conditions which favour cross pollination.
(v) Why do we not use the terms maize fruit or maize seed ? What do we say instead ?
Answer:
(i) The postulates of cell theory are :
1. The cell is the basic and smallest unit of structure of all living beings.
2. All organisms are made up of one or more cells.
3. All cells arise from pre-existing cells.

(ii) Some characteristics of meristematic tissues are :
1. They are actively dividing cells present in growing regions of roots and shoots.
2. They are small, cubical with thin cell wall and large nucleus.
3. These cells are tightly packed with almost no intercellular spaces.
4. Vacuoles are absent but other cell organelles are present in large numbers.

(iii) Inflorescence is the mode of arrangement of flowers on the axis of the plant. Placentation is the manner in which ovules are arranged or attached to the wall of the ovary.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(iv) Some conditions which favours cross pollination are :
1. Unisexuality i.e., if the flowers are either male or female and born on separate plants. Example : Papaya which has separate male and female trees.
2. Self sterility where stigma cannot receive pollen grains from anthers of same flowers.
3. Herkogamy where pollen grains cannot reach stigma of same flower due to some mechanical or structural barriers.
4. Dichogamy where anther and stigma of same flower mature at different times.

(v) We do not use the term maize fruit or maize seed, instead we called it as maize grain as it is a one seeded fruit where fruit wall and seed coat are fused together to form a protective layer.

Question 3.
(a) Study the diagram given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers 3
(i) What does the figure represent?
(ii) Label the parts 1-10.
(iii) What is the function of part labelled 3 ?
(iv) What is the fate of part 3 and 7 after fertilization ?
(v) What do you mean by double fertilization ?
Answer:
(a)  The figure represents germination of pollen grain and fertilization process.
(i) 1 – Pollen grain, 2 – Stigma, 3 – Pollen tube, 4 – Style, 5 – Ovule, 6-Embryo sac, 7 – Ovary, 8 – Polar nuclei, 9 – Micropyle, 10 – Nucellus.
(iii) Function of pollen tube is to transport male gamete cell from stigma to the ovule for
the process of fertilization.
(iv) After fertilization, ovules develop into seeds and ovary forms the fruit.
(v) The process in which one male nucleus fuses with egg cell nucleus to form zygote while other male nucleus fuses with two poiar nuclei to form endosperm is called double fertilization.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(b) Give biological term for the following :
(i) Biological catalysts which alter the rate of a biochemical reaction.
(ii) The organisms which possess both the sex organs in one individual.
(iii) The immediate treatment and care given to a person who has suddenly fallen sick or met with an accident till the time medical team arrives.
(iv) The period between the entry of germs and appearance of first symptoms ofthe disease.
(v) The immunity acquired by an individual from an outside source.
(vi) The air breathed in and out in a normal quiet breathing.
(vii) Complete loss of pigmentation of skin all over the body.
(viii) The process of breaking down of large fat globules into tiny droplets.
(ix) The process in which microbes break down carbohydrates into simpler products in the absence of oxygen.
(x) The incomplete breakdown of organic matter by bacteria emitting foul smell.

Answer:
(i) Enzymes
(ii) Hermaphrodite
(iii) First-aid
(iv) Incubation period
(v) Passively acquired immunity
(vi) Tidal volume
(vii) Aibmism
(viii) Emulsification
(ix) Fermentation
(x) Putrefaction

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

Question 4.
(a) Study the diagram below and answer the questions that follow :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers 4
(i) What are the conditions necessary for germination of seed ?
(ii) Name a solution which absorbs oxygen.
(iii) Why in the figure above middle seed germinates but not top and bottom seed ?
(iv) Define germination.
(v) Draw a structure of a matured embryo of a bean seed labelling all its major parts
Answer:
(a) (i) Suitable temperature, water and oxygen are essential conditions required for germination of seeds.
(ii) Alkaline pyrogallic acid.
(iii) The seed placed in middle gets both water and oxygen which are required for germination process, so it germinates. But top seed gets only air/ oxygen but no water, similarly, bottom seed gets water only but very limited oxygen. So, they can not germinate.
(iv) The process of formation of seedling from the embryo is called germination.
(v)
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers 9

(b) Give reasons :
(i) Cells are generally small in size.
(ii) Xylem and phloem are called conducting tissues.
(iii) Germinated grams are considered highly nutritive.
(iv) Respiration is said to be reverse of photosynthesis.
Answer:
(i) Small size of cells provide large surface area to volume ratio for greater diffusion of substances in and out of the cell. Also, they can communicate with each other raplidy to function effectively.

(ii) Xylem conducts water and mineral salts from roots upwards to the leaves and other parts of the plant. Similarly, phloem conducts manufactured food from leaves to the other parts of plants both upwards and downwards. Hence, they are called conducting tissues.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(iii) Seeds contain endosperm, which stores food for the developing plants. When seed germinates, this complex food material is converted into diffusible form so that it can be used for growth. Hence, germinated gram seeds are considerd to be highly nutritive.

(iv) Respiration is a catabolic process where glucose breaks down to release carbon dioxide and energy, whereas photosynthesis is an anabolic process where glucose is synthesized using carbon dioxide and water. In respiration, oxygen is utilized and carbon dioxide is released but in photosynthesis, oxygen is released and carbon dioxide is utilized. So, respiration is said to be reverse of photosynthesis.

(v) A fluid called synovial fluid which is found within joints provides lubrication and reduces friction, but with age, this fluid gets dried up and due to loss of calcium in bones, they lose their strength and become weak. So, old people complain of stiff joints.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

Question 5.
(a) Study the diagram and answer the following :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers 5
(i) What does the figure represent ?
(ii) Label the parts 1-8.
(iii) Which is called voice box and why ?
(iv) How is the part labelled 7 protected ?
(v) Name the parts in sequence through which atmospheric air reaches the air sacs
Answer:
(a)
(i) The figure represents respiratory system of human being.
(ii) 1-Nasal passage, 2-Larynx, 3-Bronchioles, 4-Alveoli, 5-Diaphragm, 6-Bronchi, 7-Lungs, 8-Trachea.
(iii) Larynx is called voice box as it contains vocal cords which vibrates when air is
expelled out forcibly through it, thus, producing sound.
(iv) Lungs are protected by rib cage and membranous covering called pleura; the outer parietal and inner visceral layer with pleural fluid in between. The fluid provides lubrication during contraction and expansion of lungs.
(v) Nostrils → nasal cavity → pharynx → larynx → trachea → bronchi → bronchioles → alveolar ducts→ alveoli.

(b) Give causes and symptoms of the following diseases :
(i) Marasmus
(ii) AIDS
(iii) Malaria
(iv) Cholera
(v) Tuberculosis
Answer:
(i) Marasmus is caused usually in infants below 1 year age due to deficiency of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in diet. Symptoms are less body weight, skin become loosely fold, thin face and limbs, retarded physical and mental growth, ribs appear prominent from outside.

(ii) AIDS is caused due to sexual intercourse with infected individual, contaminated blood transfusion, shared injection needles, infected mother to child during pregnancy. Symptoms are fever, night sweats, weight loss and swollen lymph nodes,

(iii) Malaria is caused by a protozoan Plasmodium which is transmitted through saliva of female Anopheles mosquitoes. Symptoms are chills, high fever, nausea, vomiting, headache etc.

(iv) Cholera is caused by a special bacterium called Vibrio cholera which is spread through contaminated food and water. Symptoms are vomiting, severe loose motions, little or no urination, muscle cramps, abdominal pain, dehydration etc.

(v) Tuberculosis is caused by rod-shaped bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis and spread from sputum of infected persons. Symptoms are persistent cough, fever during afternoon, chest pain, breathlessness, bloody mucus, loss of weight, fatigue etc.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

Question 6.
(a) Give two examples each of the organisms belonging to the following category :
(i) Protista
(ii) Fungi
(iii) Cnidaria
(iv) Porifera
(v) Mollusca
Answer:
(i) Euglena, amoeba
(ii) Yeast, penicillium
(iii) Jelly fish, hydra
(iv) Bathsponge, sycon
(v) Snail, octopus.

(b) The figure below represents the microscopic structure of human skin. Study the same and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers 6
(i) Label the parts 1-8.
(ii) How does the skin help in maintaining body temperature ?
(iii) How does the skin protect our body from germs and UV rays ?
(iv) Name any two modifications of sebaceous glands.
(v) State the functions of parts 1 and 5.
Answer:
(a) (i) 1-Hair shaft, 2-Sweat pore, 3-Sebaceous gland, 4-Sweat gland, 5-Fat, 6-Dermis,7-Epidermis, 8-Blood vessels.

(ii) When outside temperature is high, skin loses extra heat by dilation of blood vessels which results in sweating. As sweat evaporates, it provides cooling sensation. But when outside temperature is low, the blood vessels get constricted, so blood supply is reduced preventing loss of heat leading to less or no sweating, thus conserving heat to keep us warm.

(iii) A pigment called melanin is present in malpighian layer of the skin which protects the inner parts of body from harmful effects of UV rays of sun. Sebaceous glands secrete sebum which prevents the entry of germs into our body.

(iv) Meibomian glands and ceruminous glands

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(v) Function of part 1 : Hair provides sensation of touch, prevents entry of foreign particles. Function of part 5 : Fat layer serves as food reserve and shock absorber.

Question 7.
(a) The following set-up was arranged to prove a particular physiological process in plants. Study the same and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers 7
(i) Name the physiological process being studied.
(ii) What is the function of soda lime in the bottle A and why is lime water placed in bottle B ?
(iii) What change would you expect to observe in bottle D ?
(iv) If bottle C was fitted with a three holed rubber stopper and a thermometer was introduced in such a way that its bulb reaches close to the germinating seeds, what would you observe ?
(v) Represent the physiological process named in (i) above in the form of a chemical equation.
Answer:
(i) Carbon dioxide is given off from germinating seeds during the respiration process.
(ii) Soda lime absorbs carbon dioxide from the air which enters the tube. Lime water is placed in bottle B to check whether the incoming air is free from carbon dioxide or not as it turns milky in the presence of carbon dioxide gas.
(iii) Lime water turns milky as carbon dioxide is given out by germinating seeds by respiration process.
(iv) As heat is also evolved during respiration, so if a thermometer is inserted in bottle C, there would be rise in mercury level.
C6H12O6 + 6  O2 —» 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(b) Study the diagram below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers 8
(i) What does the diagram represent ?
(ii) How leguminous plants help in nitrogen fixation ?
(iii) Name the bacteria that converts :
1. Ammonium compounds to nitrites
2. Nitrites to nitrates
(iv) How are nitrates in the soil converted to nitrogen ?
(v) How plants and animals play an important role in the formation of ammonium compounds ?
Answer:
(i) Nitrogen cycle
(ii) Leguminous plants contain Rhizobium in their root nodules which pick up free nitrogen from atmosphere and convert it into soluble nitrates which can be used by plants. This process is called nitrogen fixation.
(iii) 1. Nitrosomonas
2. Nitrobacter
(iv) Denitrifying bacteria are present in soil which converts nitrates present in soil into nitrogen.
(v) Nitrogenous wastes are present in dead remains of plants and animals which are converted into ammonia by bacteria. Ammonia is then converted into ammonium compounds. In this way, plants and animals play an important role in the formation of ammonium compounds.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Question Papers with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

Max Marks :80
[2 Hours]

General Instructions

  • Answers to this Paper must be written on the paper provided separately.
  • You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes.
  • This time is to be spent in reading the Question Paper.
  • The time given at the head of this Paper is the time allowed for writing the answers.
  • Attempt all questions from Section I and any four questions from Section II.
  • The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

Part-I 
(Attempt all questions from this part) [40 Marks]

Question 1.
(a) Name the following : [5]
(i) The region of the axis between the point of attachment of cotyledons and the plumule.
(ii) The undigested cellulose which is fibrous in nature.
(iii) A vaccine for Poliomyelitis.
(iv) A large hole at the back of the cranium through which the spinal cord passes.
(v) A serious food poisoning disease caused due to a bacterium in tinned foods.
Answer:
(a) (i) Epicotyl
(ii) Roughage
(iii) Salk’s vaccine
(iv) Foramen magnum
(v) Botulism
(b) Given below are sets of five terms each. Rewrite the terms in correct order in a logical sequence beginning with the term that is underlined. [5]
(i) Sacrum, Thoracic, Coccyx, Cervical, Lumbar.
(ii) Larynx, Pharynx, Bronchioles, Nostrils. Alveoli.
(iii) Pollen tube, Stigma, Ovary, Pollen grain. Embryo sac.
(iv) Rectum, Pharynx. Oesophagus, Duodenum, Stomach.
(v) Nuclear membrane, Cell wall. Cytoplasm, Nucleolus, Cell membrane.
Answer:
(b) (i) Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacrum, Coccyx.
(ii) Nostrils, Pharynx, Larynx, Bronchioles, Alveoli.
(iii) Pollen grain, Stigma, Pollen tube, Ovary, Embryo sac.
(iv) Pharynx, Oesophagus, Stomach, Duodenum, Rectum.
(v) Cell wall, Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Nuclear membrane, Nucleolus

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(c) Differentiate between the following pairs on the basis of guidelines given in the brackets : [5]
(i) Tendon and Ligament (function)
(ii) Parotid gland and Sublingual gland (location)
(iii) Tidal volume and Residual volume (volume of air)
(iv) Leucoderma and Albinism (type of disorder)
(v) Epidemic disease and Endemic disease (example)
Answer:
(i)

TendonLigament
Tendons connect muscle to bone.Ligaments connect bone to bone and hold them in position.

(ii)

Parotid gland Sublingual gland
Parotid glands are located just in front of and beneath each ear.Sublingual glands are located just below the tongue.

(iii)

 Tidal volumeResidual volume
Volume of air is 500 mL.Volume of air is 1500 mL.

(iv)

LeucodermaAlbinism
Leucoderma is loss of skin pigmentation from smaller or larger patches at different regions of the body.Albinism is complete loss of  pigmentation of the skin all over the body including hair, eyebrows, iris and eyelashes.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(v)

 Epidemic disease Endemic disease
An example of epidemic disease is plague.An example of endemic disease is yellow fever.

(d) Mention the exact location of the following : [5]
(i) Pancreas
(ii) Ovules
(iii) Centrosome
(iv) Sternum
(v) Ceruminous glands
Answer:
(d) (i) Pancreas is located behind the stomach.
(ii) Ovule is located inside ovary or it is the inner cavity of the ovary.
(iii) Centrosome is a region surrounding the centrioles located near the nucleus.
(iv) Sternum is a long flat bone lying in the middle of the front part of the chest.
(v) Ceruminous glands are modified sebaceous glands found in auditory canal of ear.

(e) Choose the correct answer from each of the four options given below : [5]
(i) The barrier between the protoplasm and the outer environment in a plant cell is :
(a) Nuclear membrane
(b) Plasma membrane
(c) Tonoplast
(d) Cell wall
Answer:
(d) Cell wall

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(ii) The term neuter is given to a flower in which both :
(a) Calyx and Corolla are present
(b) Calyx and Corolla are absent
(c) Androecium and Gynoecium are present
(d) Androecium and Gynoecium are absent
Answer:
(c) Androecium and Gynoecium are present

(iii) In Vallisneria, pollination takes place by the agency of :
(a) Water
(b) Wind
(c) Birds
(d) Insects
Answer:
(a) Water

(iv) The group of plants having naked seeds is :
(a) Angiosperms
(b) Bryophyta
(c) Pteridophyta
(d) Gymnosperms
Answer:
(d) Gymnosperms

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(v) Mammary glands are modified :
(a) Sweat glands
(b) Gastric glands
(c) Tear glands
(d) Sebaceous glands
Answer:
(a) Sweat glands

(f) Match the items given in Column I with the most appropriate ones in Column II and rewrite the correct matching pairs.

Column I              Column II
(i) Patella(a) Maize flowers
(ii) Adult man(b) Plasmodium
(iii) E-waste(c) Knee joint
(iv) Anemophilous(d) Plastic
(v) Malaria(e) 16 teeth in each jaw
(f) Mobile batteries
(g) Elbow joint
(h) 14 teeth in each jaw

Answer:

Column I             Column II             
(i) Patella
(ii) Adult man
(iii) E – waste
(iv) Anemophilous
(v) Malaria
(c) Knee joint
(e) 16 teeth in each jaw
(f) Mobile batteries
(a) Maize flowers
(b) Plasmodium

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(g) Choose the odd one out from the following terms given and name the category to which the others belong : [5]
(i) Carbolic acid, Boric acid, DDT, Benzoic acid.
(ii) Hepatitis, Cholera, Chicken pox, AIDS.
(iii) Vegetable peel, Syringes, CDs, Styrofoam.
(iv) Shark, Dogfish, Starfish, Trout.
(v) Gram seed, Pea seed, Rice, Bean seed.
Answer:
(i) Odd: DDT
Category: Antiseptics
(ii) Odd : Cholera Category: Viral diseases
(iii) Odd : Vegetable peel
Category: Non-biodegradable wastes
(iv) Odd : Starfish
Category : Belong to class pisces and are vertebrates
(v) Odd: Rice
Category: Dicotyledon seeds

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(h) Given below is a diagram depicting a physiological process in man. Study the same and answer the following questions : [5]
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers 1

(i) Name the process occurring in the diagram.
(ii) Explain the process mentioned in part (i).
(iii) Label the gases ‘X’ and ‘Y’.
(iv) Write a balanced chemical equation for the process shown.
(v) Name the organelle where cellular respiration takes place.
Answer:
(i) Tissue respiration
(ii) Blood capillaries contain RBCs which bring oxygen in the form of oxyhaemoglobin. The oxygen is delivered to the body cells or tissues by diffusion through the walls of blood capillaries. Similarly, carbon dioxide released from tissues is picked up by capillaries. Carbon dioxide is transported either as bicarbonates soluble in plasma or in combination with haemoglobin.
(iii) X is oxygen and Y is carbon dioxide.
(iv) C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
(v) Mitochondria

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

Section – II
(Attempt any four questions from this part)

Question 2.
(a) Study the diagram and answer the questions that follow : [5]
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers 2
(i) Label the parts 1-4.
(ii) Give the function of parts labelled 3, 4 and 6.
(iii) Name the protein present in the part labelled ‘1’
(iv) Name the pigment that gives colour to the skin.
(v) Name the fluid secreted by the part labelled ‘5’.
Answer:
(a) (1) 1—Stratum corneum, 2—Sensory corpuscle, 3-Sebaceous gland, 4—Erector muscle of hair
(ii) Function of part 3 : Sebaceous glands produce an oily secretion called sebum which makes hair, skin oily and water proof. It prevents loss of water by evaporation.
Function of part 4: Erector muscle contracts and pulls the hair causing goose flesh which we experience mainly during winter or in emotional conditions.
Function of part 6 : Hair follicle which helps in growth and elongation of hair.
(iii) Keratin
(iv) Melanin
(v) Sweat is secreted by sweat gland.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(b) Complete the following paragraph by filling in the blanks (i) to (x) with appropriate words : [5]
The hind limb consists of a long bone ……………. (i) in the thigh, two long bones, the inner ……………. (ii) and the outer ……………. (iii) in the shank, seven ……………. (iv) bones in the ankle, five long ……………. (v) bones in the middle of the foot and fourteen ……………. (vi) in the toes. The forelimb consists of a long bone ……………. (vii) in the upper arm and two long bones ……………. (viii) and ……………. (ix) in the lower arm. The wrists has eight bones called ……………. (x).
Answer:
(i) Femur
(ii) Tibia
(iii) Fibula
(iv) Tarsals
(y) Metatarsals
(vi) Phalanges
(vii) Humerus
(viii) Radius
(ix) Ulna
(x) Carpals

Question 3.
(a) Study the diagram given below and answer the questions that follow : [5]
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers 3
(i) Identify the above structure and mention its location in a flower.
(ii) Lebel the parts numbered 1 and 2.
(iii) Explain the term ‘Double Fertilization’.
(iv) What is the fate of the calyx and corolla after fertilization ?
(v) Draw a neat, labelled diagram of a pollen grain.
Answer:
(a) (i) It is an ovule showing the embryo sac inside it. It is an inner part of ovary which is the part of female reproductive organ, pistil of the flower.
(ii) 1-Antipodal cells, 2-Polar nuclei
(iii) Double fertilization is the process in which one sperm nucleus fuses with egg cell nucleus to form embryo and other sperm nucleus fuses with two poiar nuclei to form primary endosperm.
(iv) After fertilization, calyx either fall off or remain intact either in dried form or shriveled form. Corolla also falls off.
(v)
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers 9

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(b) Give an example for each of the following : [5]
(i) A poriferan
(ii) An antibiotic
(iii) A coelenterate
(iv) A deficiency disease
(v) A mammal
(vi) An annelid worm
(vii) A reptilian
(viii) A fat soluble vitamin
(ix) An amphibian
(x) A protein deficiency disease.
Answer:
(i) Bath sponge
(ii) Streptomycin
(iii) Hydra
(iv) Marasmus
(y) Monkey
(vi) Leech
(vii) Snake
(viii) Vitamin A
(ix) Salamander
(x) Kwashiorkor

Question 4.
(a) Study the experimental set given below and answer the following questions [5]
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers 4
(i) What is the aim of the experiment shown above ?
(ii) What is your observation after a few hours for flask A’ and ‘B’ ?
(iii) Name the chemical uged to prevent bacterial growth.
Explain how the bacteria would interfere with the experiment.
(iv) Why do we use thermos flasks specifically for the experiment ?
(v) Which is the control set-up and why ?
Answer:
(a) (i) To show that heat is liberated by respiration process from germinating seeds.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(ii) In flask A, as seeds are germinating so they undergo respiration and heat is evolved which is marked by rise in mercury level of thermometer. But in flask B as seeds are dead, so no respiration and thus no heat is produced. So mercury level in thermometer will not rise.

(iii) Carbolic acid : Bacteria will undergo respiration and will produce heat that will cause rise in level of mercury of thermometer. Thus, the bacterial growth may interfere with results of the experiment.

(iv) Thermos flask acts as an insulator, so it does not allow outside environmental temperature to interfere with the results of the experiment.

(v) Flask B is a control set-up as seeds are dead, so there is no respiration hence no production of heat.

(b) Fill in the blanks with suitable words :[5]
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers 5
Answer:
1.Milk protein/casein
2. Paracasein
3. Maltose
4. Glucose
5. Fatty acids
7. Peptides
8. Amino acids
9. Proteins
10. Peptides

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

Question 5.
(a) Study the diagram given below and answer the questions that follow : [5]
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers 6
(i) Name the structure shown in the diagram.
State in which part of small intestine, it is present.
(ii) How is this structure well-adapted for absorption of digested food ?
(iii) Label the parts numbered 1 and 2.
(iv) Name the lymph vessel present inside the structure.
(v) Name the digestive juice secreted by the liver.
What are the two pigments present in it ?
Answer:
(a) (i) It is a microscopic structure of intestinal villus. It is present in ileum part of small intestine.
(ii) Villi increases the inner surface area of intestine enormously which facilitates the absorption of digested food.
(iii) 1-Epithelium, 2-Capillaries
(iv) Lacteal
(v) Bile
Biliverdin and bilirubin are the two pigments present in bile.

(b) Give appropriate biological / technical terms for the following : [5]
(i) The mode of arrangement of flowers on the axis of the plant.
(ii) The type of waste generated in hospitals and pathological laboratories.
(iii) Different timings of maturation of androecium and gynoecium.
(iv) The process of formation of a seedling from the embryo.
(v) The energy currency of the cell.
(vi) The category of immunity required in the treatment of a snake bite.
(vii) The outermost covering of a vacuole.
(viii) The membrane that encloses the lungs.
(ix) The tissue which stores fat.
(x) The device used to remove gaseous and particulate air pollutants.
Answer:
(i) Inflorescence
(ii) Biomedical wastes
(iii) Dichogamy
(iv) Germination
(v) ATP
(vi) Artificially acquired passive immunity
(vii) Tonoplast
(viii) Pleura
(ix) Adipose tissue
(x) Scrubbers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

Question 6.
(a) Study the diagram given below and answer the questions that follow : [5]
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers 7
(i) Name the structure shown and label its parts 1 and 2.
(ii) Is the given structure albuminous or non-albuminous ?
Give reason for your answer.
(iii) Name the protective coverings of part labelled 3 and 4.
(iv) Name the protein-rich layer of endosperm.
(v) Why is the given structure called a grain ?
Answer:
(a) (i) It is a longitudinal section of a maize grain.
1-Endosperm, 2-Scutellum
(ii) It is albuminous as a large endosperm is present.
(iii) Protective covering of part 3 i.e., plumule is coleoptile and that of part 4 i.e., radicle is coleorhiza.
(iv) Aleurone layer
(v) Here, fruit wall and seed coat are fused together to form a protective layer, so we call

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(b)
(i) Draw a neat and labelled diagram of a plant cell. [5]
(ii) Based on the diagram drawn above in
(i) give a suitable term for each of the following descriptions :
1. The site of protein synthesis.
2. A cell organelle that is absent in a plant cell.
3. The supporting framework of the cell.
4. The plastids that contain DNA and have the capacity to divide.
5. The structure that carries the hereditary units.
6. The cell organelle that regulates all the metabolic functions.
7. The structure that is semi-permeable in nature.
Answer:
(i)
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers 10
(ii) 1. Ribosomes
2. Centrosome
3. Endoplasmic reticulum
4. Chloroplasts
5. Chromosomes
6. Nucleus
7. Cell membrane

Question 7.
(a) Given below are four living structures. Study the same and answer the questions given below: [5]
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers 8
(i) Name the structure A, B, C and D.
(ii) State the living cells in the structure D.
(iii) Name the fluid in which the structure B is found.
(iv) What is the function of the structure C ?
(v) Draw a neat, labelled diagram of a Neuron.
Answer:
(a) (i) A-Parenchyma, B-WBC, C-Unstriated muscles, D-Bone.
(ii) Osteoblasts
(iii) Blood and lymph
(iv) Unstriated muscles helps in passage of food, contraction of uterus during childbirth, contraction and dilation of the pupil. They are involuntary in function.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(v)
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers 11

(b) Answer the following questions briefly : [5]
(i) State two activities of the Red Cross.
(ii) State any two ways by which food can be preserved.
(iii) One should breathe through the nose and not through the mouth. Explain.
(iv) The wall of the trachea is supported by ‘C’ shaped cartilaginous rings. Give a suitable reason.
(v) State two activities of.WHO.
Answer:
(b) (i) Two activities of Red Cross are :
1. To arrange ambulance service in all emergencies.
2. To extend relief and help to victims of calamity like fire, flood, earthquake, famine etc.

(ii) Two ways of preserving food are :
1. Boiling or heating at high temperature.
2. By salting. Foods like pickles, fish, meat are preserved by this method.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 1 with Answers

(iii) Nostrils contain fine hairs which trap large foreign particles present in air and prevent them from entering into our body. Nasal chamber secretes mucous which entraps harmful particles like dust, germs thus allowing pure and germ free air entering into our respiratory tract. It also warms and moistens the air. Thus, we should breathe through nose and not through mouth.

(iv) The C-shaped cartilaginous rings provide strength and flexibility to the walls of trachea and keep the trachea in distended condition permanently without collapsing the windpipe.

(v) Two activities of WHO are :
1. To organize campaigns for control of epidemic and endemic diseases.
2. To promote and support projects for research on diseases.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Question Papers with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers

Section -1
(Attempt all questions from this section)

Question 1.
(a) Name the following :
(i) The book in which Robert Hooke’s discovery about cell was published.
(ii) Smallest known cell.
(iii) The kind of tissue found as gritty masses in the skin of pears.
(iv) The large, colourful leaf-like structure in Bougainvillea.
(v) A distinct white oval scar mark on concave side of seed.
Answer:
(i) Micrographia
(ii) Mycoplasma
(iii) Scierenchyma
(iv) Bract
(v) Hilum

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers

(b) Choose the correct answer from the options given below :
(i) The hierarchy of classification of various levels of diversity is :
(a) Kingdom, phylum, order, class, genus, family, species
(b) Phylum, order, class, kingdom, genus, species, family
(c) Order, kingdom, phylum, family, genus, species, class
(d) Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
Answer:
(d) Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species

(ii) Which bacteria is rod-shaped ?
(a) Coccus
(b) Vibrio
(c) Bacillus
(d) Spirillum
Answer:
(c) Bacillus

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers

(iii) The phylum in which largest number of animals are present is :
(a) Mollusca
(b) Annelida
(c) Arthropoda
(d) Echinodermata
Answer:
(c) Arthropoda

(iv) WHO was established in the year and headquarters are located in……………..
(a) 1864, Geneva
(b) 1948, Geneva
(c) 1948, Paris
(d) 1864, Denmark
Answer:
(b) 1948, Geneva

(v) A disease widely spread worldwide is known as :
(a) Endemic
(b) Epidemic
(c) Sporadic
(d) Pandemic
Answer:
(d) Pandemic

(c) Name the kingdom/phylum/class of the following organisms :
(i) Sycon
(ii) Mosses
(iii) Sea anemone
(iv) Millipedes
(v) Scorpions
Answer:
(i) Kingdom – Anirnalia, phylum – Ponfera, class – Calcarea
(ii) Kingdom – Plantae, phylum – Bryophyta, class – Bryopsida
(iii) Kingdom – Animalia, phylum – Cnidaria, class – Anthozoa
(iv) Kingdom – Animalia, phylum – Arthropoda, class – Myriapoda
(v) Kingdom – Animalia, phylum – Arthropoda, class – Arachnida

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers

(d) Fill in the blanks :
(i) ……………. forms spindle fibres with asters.
(ii) …………….and ……………. are called tracheary elements of xylem.
(iii) The condition when pollen of a flower of another plant of the same species fall on stigma is called …………….
(iv) On the basis of endosperm, seeds are classified as ……………. and …………….
(v) ……………. was first genetically engineered product produced from bacteria E. coli.
Answer:
(i) Centrosomes
(ii) Tracheids and vessels
(iii) Allogamy
(iv) Albuminous and ex-albuminous seeds
(v) Hormone insulin

(e) Differentiate between the following based on instructions given in brackets.
(i) Vibrio cholerae and streptococcus (shape)
(ii) Azotobacter and rhizobium (where they are found)
(iii) Incisors and canines (number present in humans)
(iv) Assimilation and defaecation (definition)
(v) Cranium and vertebral column (number of bones present)
Answer:

(ii)AzotobacterRhizobium
Azotobacter is a free living bacteria present in the soil.Rhizobium is a symbiotic bacteria present in the root nodules of leguminous plants.
(iii)IncisorsCanines
There are 8 incisors teeth in adult human being.There are 4 canines teeth in adult human being.
(iv)AssimilationDefaecation
Assimilation is the conversion of absorbed digested food into body material.Defaecation is the expulsion of undigested remains of food from the alimentary canal.
(v)CraniumVertebral column
There are 8 bones in cranium or brain box.There are 33 bones in the vertebral column.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers

(f) Statements given below are incorrect. Write the correct form of the statements by changing first or last word only.
(i) Complete loss of pigmentation of skin is known as vitiligo.
(ii) The winter sleep in case of frogs is known as aestivation.
(iii) Air that can be forcibly expelled out after normal expiration is called vital capacity.
(iv) Anaerobic respiration is also called oxybiotic respiration.
(v) Respiration is a physico-chemical process.
Answer:
(i) Complete loss of pigmentation of skin is known as albinism.
(ii) The winter sleep in case of frogs is known as hibernation.
(iii) Air that can be forcibly expelled out after normal expiration is called expiratory reserve volume.
(iv) Aerobic respiration is also called oxybiotic respiration.
(v) Burning is a physico-chemical process.

(g) Match the items given in column I with the most appropriate ones in column II and rewrite the correct matching pairs.

Column IColumn II
(i) Scutellum
(ii) Exine
(iii) Monadelphous stamens
(iv) Lymph
(v) Areolar tissue
(a)    China rose
(b)   Maize grain
(c)   Fluid connective tissue
(d)   Connective tissue proper
(e)   Glandular epithelium
(f)  Pollen grain
(g)   Protista

Answer:

Column IColumn II
(i) Scutellum
(ii) Exine
(iii) Monadelphous stamens
(iv) Lymph
(v) Areolar tissue
(b)  Maize grain
(f) Pollen grain
(a) China rose(c)  Fluid connective tissue
(d) Connective tissue proper

(h) Study the diagram given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers 1
(i) Identify the organism. Give its scientific name.
(ii) Name the phylum to which it belongs. Give some characteristic features of organisms belonging to the phylum named by you.
(iii) Label parts 1-4.
(iv) What is the function of part 2 ?
(v) Give the economic importance of this organism.
Answer:
(i) It is an Indian earthworm. Scientific name is Pheretimaposthuma.
(ii) It belongs to phylum Annelida. Some characteristic features of the organisms belonging to this phylum are :

  • Their body is cylindrical and divided into ring-like segments.
  • They have well- developed digestive system with alimentary canal open at mouth and anus.
  • They have a true body cavity.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers

(iii) 1-Mouth, 2-Clitellum, 3-Body segment, 4-Anus.
(iv) Clitellum plays an important role in reproduction process.
(v) Some economic importance of this organism are :
1. They help in loosening and aeration of soil.
2. It increases the fertility of the soil by interchanging top layer of soil with inner layers.
3. It is used in vermiculture.
4. Its excreta is rich in nitrogenous matter which is an essential component for plant’s growth.

Section-II
(Attempt any four questions from this section)

Question 2.
(a) Give the exact location of the following :
(i) Adipose tissue
(ii) Cardiac muscles
(iii) Hypocotyl
(iv) Parotid glands
(v) Foramen magnum
Answer:
(i) Adipose tissue is a specialized fat storing tissues found under skin, around kidneys, eyeball etc.
(ii) Cardiac muscles are found in the walls of the heart.
(iii) Hypocotyl is the region of the axis below the cotyledons of seeds.
(iv) Parotid glands are located in front of and beneath each ear.
(v) Foramen magnum is a large hole on the back part of cranium.

(b) Study the figure given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers 2
(i) Identify the structure. Label the parts 1-6.
(ii) What is the main difference between male and female skeleton ?
(iii) Name the bones present in hindlimbs with their number.
(iv) How many bones are present in pelvic girdle ?
(v) Give the two main divisions of skeleton.
Answer:
(i) It is the front portion of pelvis.
1—Acetabulum, 2—Ischium, 3—Pubis, 4—ilium, 5—Sacrum, 6-Coccyx.
(ii) Male skeleton is larger and heavier than female. The pelvis in female skeleton is wider and trough-shaped.
(iii) Femur—2, tibia-2, fibula—2, ta rsals—1 4, patella-2, metatarsals—10, phalanges—28. So there are total 60 bones in our hindlimbs.
(iv) Our pelvic girdle is made up of two hip bones. Each hip bone is made up of three bones— ilium, ischium, pubis.
(v) Axial skeleton which includes skull, vertebral Column, ribs, sternum and appendicuiar skeleton includes bones of Limbs and girdles.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers

Question 3.
(a) Give two points of differences between the following pairs :
(i) Kwashiorkor and Marasmus
(ii) Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
(iii) Pisces and Amphibians
(iv) Flat worm and Roundworm
(v) Glycolysis and Kreb’s cycle
Answer:
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers 8

(b) Study the below figure and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers 3
(i) Identify the muscular tissue A, B and C.
(ii) Give some characteristic features of tissue A.
(iii) State the location of tissue B.
(iv) Give some characteristic features of tissue C.
(v) Give the location of tissue C.
Answer:
(i) A- cardiac muscles, B- skeletal or striated muscles, C- smooth or unstriated muscles.
(ii) They are involuntary in function. They are striated, uninucleated, short and branched muscles.
(iii) They are found in arms, legs, face, neck etc.
(iv) They are involuntary in function. They are spindle shaped/slender cells tapered at both ends. They are uninucleated.
(v) They are found in walls of intestine, urinary bladder, uterus, lining of blood vessels etc.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers

Question 4.
(a) Give reasons :
(i) Composting is a useful method contributing in crop farming.
(ii) Abnormally a large number of WBCs in the blood are usually an indication of some infection in our body.
(iii) Eating places should be free from flies.
(iv) We cannot hold our breath forcibly for a longer time.
(v) Food tube is partially collapsed when not in use
Answer:
(i) Composting is the process of putting biodegradable wastes in a compost pit to decay, so that by the action of microbes, it gets converted into manure which can be used in agricultural lands to grow crops or plants. So, composting is a very useful method contributing in crop farming.

(ii) When any foreign particles like disease-causing microbes enter into our body, WBCs immediately squeeze out of walls of blood capillaries and reach the site of infection and fight against the germs. Thus, abnormally a large number of WBCs in the blood are usually an indication of some infection in our body.

(iii) Flies are main carriers of germs as they sit on excreta which cause various diseases like cholera, typhoid, dysentery etc. If food will remain uncovered, the flies carrying these disease-causing germs will sit on our food, thus contaminating it and when we consume this contaminated food, we may suffer from various diseases. So, eating places should be free from flies.

(iv) The breathing process is involuntary i.e., not under the control of our will. To some extent we can increase or decrease the rate of breathing but after that we can not hold our breathe forcibly. Our respiratory centre is located in medulla oblongata which is stimulated by carbon dioxide concentration in our body. If we hold our breathe, carbon dioxide gas cannot be released to outside, so its concentration increases which will stimulate our respiratory centre.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers

(v) Food wall or oesophagus is soft so when there is no peristalsis process, it gets collapsed.

(b) Study the diagram given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers 4
(i) Define the process shown in the figure above.
(ii) In which part of the alimentary canal does this process occurs ?
(iii) Is any enzyme secreted by the structure shown in above figure ? If yes, name it.
(iv) Sometimes reverse of the process named by you in Q. (i) occurs. Name the process and state why it occurs ?
(v) Name a structure which prevents backflow of food from :
1. Stomach to oesophagus.
2. Duodenum to stomach.
Answer:
Peristalsis is a wave of constriction caused by circular muscles of gut which pushes the food down into stomach.
It occurs in all regions of gut mainly in oesophagus.
No, oesophagus does not secrete any enzyme.
Antiperistalsis occurs when stomach is disturbed or overloaded where reverse wave of muscular contraction occurs causing throwing of food contents out from the mouth.
1. Cardiac sphincter
2. Pyloric sphincter.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers

Question 5.
(a) Define the following terms :
(i) Digestion
(ii) Sunstroke
(iii) Cellular respiration
(iv) Spawning of mushroom
(v) Bioweapons
Answer:
(i) Digestion is a process of conversion of complex food substances into smaller, simpler, diffusible molecules so that they can be absorbed and assimilated by our body.

(ii) Sunstroke is a condition in which sweat production is unable to keep pace with its evaporation in very hot winds, resulting in rise of body temperature which sometimes may prove fatal.

(iii) The complex chemical reactions which occurs inside a cell to release energy from glucose is called cellular respiration.

(iv) Spawning is the process of introduction of mushroom seed consisting of mycelium of selected type of mushroom into compost from which mushrooms will grow.

(v) Bioweapons are harmful biological agent like bacteria, virus, fungi which can cause diseases and may take epidemic shape killing living organisms. Example—Anthrax bacteria is used as bioweapons.

(b) Study the figure below and the answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers 5

(i) Identify the organelle.
(ii) Label its parts.
(iii) Name the important pigment present in this structure.
(iv) Name the other types of plastids. Describe them.

Question 6.
(a) Study the figure below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers 6
(i) Identify the figure.
(ii) Label the parts 1-10.
(iii) Whatdoyoumeanbytriplefusian?
(iv) Define double fertilization.
(v) What is the fate of following after fertilization:
1. Calyx
2. Integuments
3. Eggcell
4.Ovary
5.Ovule

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers

(b) Give the alternative nana of the following vitamins:
(i) Vitamin A
(ii) Vitamin B12
(ill) Vitamin C
(lv) Vitamin D
(y) VitaminK
(vi) VitaminE
(vil) Vitamin B3
(viii) Vitamin B5
(ix) Vitamin B9
(x) Vitamin B2

Question 7.
(a) Give any two characteristic features of the following:
(I) Mammals
(li) Moliusca
(iii) Gymnosperms
(iv) Thallophyta
(y) Fungi

(b) Study the figure below and answer de following questions:
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 5 with Answers 7
(i) In how many flasks the different plant parts are kept in observation ?
(ii) What is the purpose of keeping a test tube containing lime water in each flask ?
(iii) In which test tubes will lime water turn milky ?
(iv) What is the purpose of set-up ?
(v) What conclusion do you draw from this experiment ?

ICSE Class 9 Biology Question Papers with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers

Section -1
(Attempt all questions from this section)

Question 1.
(a) Name the following :
(i) An amoeboid cell in human body.
(ii) The condition in which filaments of stamens are united in several groups.
(iii) The category of plant tissues that have lost their ability to multiply.
(iv) Three cells inside embryo sac found near the micropylar end.
(v) The type of germination seen in maize grain.
Answer:
(i) WBCs
(ii) Polyadelphous
(iii) Permanent tissues
(iv) 1 egg cell, 2 synergids
(v) Hypogeal germination

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers

(b) Choose the odd one out from the following terms given and name the category to which the others belong :
(i) Formalin, Bordeaux mixture, Lime, Mercurochrome.
(ii) Fly ash, Baggasse, Cow dung, Fertilizers.
(iii) Malaria, Sleeping sickness, Filariasis, Amoebic dysentery.
(iv) Cholera, Typhoid, Hepatitis, Dysentery, Tuberculosis.
(v) Acne, Pimples, Blackheads, Vitiligo.
Answer:

(i) Odd : Mercurochrome
Category : Disinfectants

(ii) Odd : Fly ash
Category : Agricultural wastes

(iii) Odd: Filariasis
Category : Diseases caused by protozoa

(iv) Odd : Tuberculosis
Category : Waterborne diseases

(v) Odd: Vitiligo
Category : Problems related to sebaceous glands.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers

(c) Fill in the blanks :
(i) Knee joint is protected by outer ……………..
(ii) The vibrations of …………….. in human beings produce sound.
(iii) …………….. is the largest gland of our body.
(iv) …………….. and …………….. are water soluble vitamins.
(v) …………….. is the most popular variety of mushroom grown in India.
Answer:
(i) Fibrous capsule
(ii) Vocal cords
(iii) Liver
(iv) Vitamin B, vitamin C
(v) Agaricus bisporous

(d) Choose the correct answer from each of the four options given below :
(i) The hardness of bone is due to:
(a) Calcium
(b) Magnesium
(c) Potassium
(d) Sodium
Answer:
(a) Calcium

(ii) An organelle which lacks a membrane is:
(a) Mitochondria
(b) Golgi complex
(c) Endoplasmic reticulum
(d) Ribosomes
Answer:
(d) Ribosomes

(iii) Which one of the following is a characteristic feature of an anemophilous flower?
(a) Pollen grains have specific gravity equal to that of water.
(b) Pollen grains are light, dry and smooth.
(c) Pollen grains are sticky.
(d) Flowers are large, brightly coloured and produce nectar.
Answer:
(b) Pollen grains are light, dry and smooth

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers

(iv) Alcohol is produced during the process of :
(a) Oxybiotic respiration
(b) Combustion
(c) Fermentation
(d) Kreb’s cycle
Answer:
(c) Fermentation

(v) During respiration, there is :
(a) Gain in dry weight
(b) No change in weight
(c) Conversion of ADP to ATP
(d) Loss in dry weight
Answer:
(d) Loss in dry weight

(e) Given below are five sets of terms. In each case, arrange and rewrite each set so as to be in logical sequence :
(i) Axon endings, Dendrites, Axon, Synapse, Cyton, Nissl granules, Nodes of Ranvier.
(ii) Pollen tube, Stigma, Pollen grains, Anther, Embryo sac, Micropyle.
(iii) Sporangiophores, Spores, Mycelium, Sporangium, Substrate.
(iv) Food pipe, Duodenum, Buccal cavity, Ileum, Stomach, Rectum.
(v) Mandible, Sternum, Cranium, Phalanges, Patella, Pelvis, Acetabulum, Femur.
Answer:
(i) Dendrites, Cyton, Nissl granules, Axon, Nodes of Ranvier, Axon endings, Synapse.
(ii) Anther, Pollen grains, Stigma, Pollen tube, Micropyle, Embryo sac.
(iii) Spores, Substrate, Mycelium, Sporangiophores, Sporangium.
(iv) Buccal cavity, Food pipe, Stomach, Duodenum, Ileum, Rectum.
(v) Cranium, Mandible, Sternum, Pelvis, Acetabulum, Femur, Patella, Phalanges.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers

(f) Statements given below are incorrect. Write the correct form of statements in each case :
(i) Nitrosomonas convert nitrites into nitrates.
(ii) Bacteria reproduces by budding.
(iii) Reptiles have four chambered heart.
(iv) Annelids have an exoskeleton made up of chitin.
(v) Respiration is an anabolic process.
Answer:
(i) Nitrobacter convert nitrites into nitrates.
(ii) Bacteria reproduces by fission.
(iii) Reptiles have three chambered heart.
(iv) Arthropods have an exoskeleton made up of chitin.
(v) Respiration is a catabolic process.

(g) Give one important function of the following :
(i) Scrubbers
(ii) Diaphragm
(iii) Cerumen
(iv) Glenoid cavity
(v) Amylopsin
Answer:
(i) Scrubbers are devices which remove gaseous and particulate air pollutants.
(ii) Diaphragm separates thoracic cavity from abdominal cavity. The contraction and relaxation of diaphragm helps in breathing mechanism.
(iii) Cerumen is a wax-like substance which lubricates and protects the eardrum from germs and dust particles. It is secreted by ceruminous glands.
(iv) Pectoral girdle contains a cup-shaped cavity called glenoid cavity into which head of humerus fits.
(v) Amylopsin, also called pancreatic amylase, acts upon starch and converts it into maltose.

(h) Study the diagram given below and answer the following :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers 1
(i) Identify the figure.
(ii) What are true ribs and floating ribs ?
(iii) Label the parts indicated in diagram.
(iv) Name the cartilage and vertebrae present in this structure.
(v) What is the main function of this structure ?
Answer:
(i) It is rib cage or bony cage.
(ii) True ribs are attached to sternum in front with help of cartilage. They are seven pairs.
(iii) Floating ribs are not attached to the sternum and they are 11th and 12th pair of ribs. 1-Vertebral column, 2-Stemum, 3-Ribs, 4-Cartilage.
(iv) Hyaline cartilage and thoracic vertebrae are present.
(v) It protects our delicate organs like heart and lungs.

Section – II
(Attempt any four questions from this section)

Question 2.
(a) Answer the following briefly :
(i) Give few importance of nutrition.
(ii) Give major steps of mushroom cultivation.
(iii) Give two bacterial diseases in plants and animals each.
(iv) Give two rules in writing scientific names of living organisms.
(v) Give an equation representing :
1. Anaerobic respiration in yeast.
2. Anaerobic respiration in muscles.
Answer:
(i) Importance of nutrition :
1. It is required for growth as it builds up new cells.
2. It helps in repair of worn out or injured cells.
3. It provides energy to carry out various life processes.
4. It provides raw materials for synthesis of enzymes, hormones, milk, sweat etc.
5. It protects us from disease and infection.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers

(ii) The major steps of mushroom cultivation are :

  1. Composting : Here, compost is prepared by using paddy or wheat straw, manure, fertilizer etc.
  2. Spawning: Mycelium of selected type of mushroom is introduced into compost.
  3. Casing : Soil is spread over compost.
  4. Cropping and harvesting : Mycelium grows and tiny mushrooms are formed. When they are fully grown, they are taken out.
  5. Preservation : They are preserved using various techniques.

(iii) Bacterial disease in plants are bacterial blight of cowpea, black rot of cauliflower. In animals, they are anthrax and tuberculosis.

(iv) Two rules in writing scientific names of living organisms are :

  1. They are written in italics when in print and should be underlined when written in hand.
  2. The first letter of genus should be capital letter and species should be small letter.

(v) C6H12O6 → 2C2H5OH + 2CO2 + 2 ATP
C6H12O6 → Lactic acid + 2 ATP + Heat/energy

(b) Study the figure below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers 2
(i) Identify the parts labelled in the figure.
(ii) Where does germination of pollen grains occur and how ?
(iii) What is the function of part 1 and 2 ?
(iv) How does the male nucleus reach the female gamete inside embryo sac ?
(v) Name the covering of pollen grain.
Answer:
(i) 1-Generative nucleus, 2-Tube nucleus.

(ii) Germination of pollen grains occurs on the stigma only if pollen grains have fallen on stigma of the same plant species. Stigma secretes some sugary substances which stimulates the germination of pollen grains.

(iii) Generative nucleus divides to form two male gamete nuclei/sperm nuclei. Tube nucleus directs the growth of pollen tube through style to reach the embryo sac present in ovary and then it disintegrates.

(iv) Pollen tube carrying two sperm nuclei and tube nucleus passes through the stigma and style by dissolving the tissues with the help of enzymes and finally reaches the ovule containing embryo sac. It pushes through micropyle and reaches the embryo sac containing female gamete.

(v) Pollen grain is covered with double layered wall-outer exine and inner intine.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers

Question 3.
(a) Differentiate between the following :
(i) Self pollination and Cross pollination
(ii) Androecium and Gynoecium
(iii) Epithelial tissue and Connective tissue
(iv) Monocots and Dicots
(v) Photosynthesis and Respiration
Answer:
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers 9
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers 10

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers

(b) Study the figure below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers 3
(i) What does the experiment demonstrate ?
(ii) Why level of mercury in test tube B falls after few days ?
(iii) Wltich gas is liberated by this process and how can you prove its presence ?
(iv) What is a control in this experiment and why ?
Answer:
(i) It demonstrates anaerobic respiration in germinating seeds.
(ii) After few days, the mercury level falls off because due to anaerobic respiration carbon dioxide is produced which will occupy the space in the top of test tube and mercury level falls down.
(iii) Carbon dioxide gas is produced. If we will introduce KOH solution in test tube B, KOH will float on the surface of mercury which will absorb carbon dioxide gas and again mercury level will rise up in the test tube.
(iv) Test tube A is a control as boiled, sterilized seeds are taken which cannot undergo respiration either aerobically or anaerobically.

Question 4.
(a) Give reasons :
(i) Scientific names of living organisms are considered better than their common names.
(ii) Every living room in the house should get direct sunlight at least for a short time.
(iii) Tinned and sealed foods are not always safe to eat.
(iv) Protoplasm can not be analysed chemically.
(v) Maximum food is absorbed in ileum part of small intestine.
Answer:
(i) People from different countries with different languages use different names for a particular organism. So it creates confusion, hence to avoid any confusion it is better to assign a scientific name to living organisms than their common names.

(ii) Direct sunlight helps in killing the microbes like bacteria or fungi present in the room. Thus, it keeps the air inside room clean and pure, making healthy environment.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers

(iii) Sometimes in tinned and canned foods a special bacteria is found which causes severe food poisoning called botulism. Thus, they are not always safe to eat.

(iv) The chemical composition of protoplasm is very complex and as soon as it is removed from an organism, it ceases, so it cannot be analysed chemically.

(v) Ileum part of small intestine is very long and it provides more surface area for absorption of food. Villi which are finger-like projections in ileum are present numerously thus increase the surface area for absorption. Thus, maximum food is absorbed in ileum.

(b) Study the diagram given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers 4
(i) Name the process shown in the diagram above.
(ii) Laber the parts 1-4.
(iii) What does the arrow 5 and 6 indicate ?
(iv) Name the corresponding structure found in plants.
(v) Give the percentage of oxygen and carbon dioxide present in inhaled and exhaled air.
Answer:
(i) Gaseous exchange in alveolus.
(ii) 1-Wall of alveolus, 2-RBC, 3-Wall of blood capillary, 4-Plasma
(iii) 5- Oxygen diffuses from alveoli to blood capillary.
6- Carbon dioxide diffuses out from blood capillary to alveoli.
(iv) Stomata through which exchange of gases occurs.
(v)

GasesInhaled air (%)Exhaled air (%)
Oxygen20.9616.4
Carbon dioxide0.044.0

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers

Question 5.
(a) Complete the blanks in below figure :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers 5
Answer:
1. R.H. Whittaker
2. Monera
3. Plantae
4. Bryophyta
5. Pteridophyta
6. Monocots
7. Dicots
8. Vertebrates
9. Invertebrates
10. Eubacteria

(b) Study the figure given below and answer the following questions
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers 6
(i) Name the accessory digestive glands shown in figure.
(ii) Name the secretion produced by part labelled 1 and its function.
(iii) Name the parts of structures labelled 2 and 3.
(iv) Identify the vestigial organ from the above figure and mention its exact location.
(v) Name the enzymes found in secretion secreted from gland labelled 4.
Answer:
(i) Liver, pancreas, salivary glands.
(ii) Part 1 is liver which produces bile and makes the medium of small intestine alkaline so that enzymes secreted by pancreas and small intestine can function properly. It also emulsifies fats so that fat digesting enzymes can act upon it properly.
(iii) Part 2 is small intestine which consists of duodenum, jejunum, ileum.
Part 3 is large intestine which consists of caecum, colon, rectum.
(iv) Vermiform appendix which is a worm-shaped tube arises from blind end of caecum.
(v) Enzymes present in part 4 i.e., pancreas are amylopsin, trypsin, steapsin.

Question 6.
(a) Give exact location of the following :
(i) Caecum
(ii) Submandibular glands
(iii) Bone marrow
(iv) Intervertebral disc
(v) Sebaceous glands
Answer:
(i) Caecum is a small blind pouch-like structure situated at the junction of small intestine and large intestine.
(ii) Submandibular glands lie close to the inner side of the lower jaw on each side.
(iii) Bone marrow is found in the cavity of long bones like femur, humerus etc.
(iv) Invertebral disc is a pad of cartilage between two vertebrae.
(v) Sebaceous glands are branched glands found in dermis region of skin and open into hair follicle and sometimes directly to outside.

(b) Study the below figure and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers 7
(i) Name the organism.
(ii) Is it unicellular eukaryotic or multicellular eukaryotic organism ?
(iii) To which kingdom does it belongs ?
(iv) Give examples of some other organisms belonging to this category.
(v) Name the type of nutrition found in the organism shown in figure.
Answer:
(i) It is a chlamydomonas.
(ii) It is unicellular eukaryotic organism.
(iii) It belongs to kingdom Protista.
(iv) Euglena, paramecium, amoeba.
(v) Autotrophic nutrition.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers

Question 7.
(a) Complete the following paragraph by filling in the appropriate term.
Plant tissues are basically of two types ………….. (i) and ………….. (ii)…………… (iii) tissue is found in growing points of a plant. Permanent tissues are of three types ………….. (iv), ………….. (v) and ………….. (vi). Xylem and
phloem are examples of ………….. (vii) tissue ………….. (viii) ………….. (ix) and ………….. (x) are examples of supporting tissue.
Answer:
(i) Meristematic
(ii) Permanent
(iii) Meristematic
(iv) Protective
(y) Supporting
(vi) Conducting
(vii) Conducting
(viii) Parenchyma
(ix) Collenchyma
(x) Scierenchyma

(b) Study the figure given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers 8
(i) Identify the cell. Give reason in support of your answer.
(ii) Name the only organelle present in animal cells. What is its role ?
(iii) What is the function of organelle labelled 1, 2 and 3 ?
(iv) How can you differentiate between prokaryotic cell and eukaryotic cell ?
(v) Draw a labelled diagram of a prokaryotic cell. Name the kingdom in which they are placed.
Answer:
(i) It is plant cell as it contains cell wall. chioroplast and a large, centrally placed vacuole.

(ii) Centrosome. It initiates and regulates cell division and forms spindle fibres with the help of asters.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers

(iii) Part 1 is ribosomes which help in protein synthesis.
Part 2 is golgi complex which secretes enzyme, hormones and forms acrosome of sperm.
Part 3 is vacuole which provides turgidity to cell and stores water, food, waste substances etc.

(iv)

Prokaryotic cellEukaryotic cell
1. In prokaryotic cell, nucleus is not well defined i.e., chromatin lies free in cytoplasm without nuclear membrane and nucleolus.
2. Cell organelles are absent.
In eukaryotic oil, nucleus is well-defined with nucleolus and nuclear membrane.
2. Various types of cell organelles are present.

(v) They are placed in kingdom Monera.
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 6 with Answers 11

ICSE Class 9 Biology Question Papers with Answers

 

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

Section -1
(Attempt all questions from this section)

Question 1.
(a) Name the following :
(i) Membrane surrounding the vacuole.
(ii) The kind of animal tissue in which cells are flat, cuboidal or columnar forming protective layer.
(iii) A seed with folded plumule leaves.
(iv) The constituent of food which changes the colour of ammonium hydroxide first from white to yellow and then yellow to orange.
(v) The muscles which raise the weight of the body on the toes.
Answer:
(i) Tonoplast
(ii) Epithelial tissue
(iii) Bean seed
(iv) Protein
(v) Gastrocnemius muscle

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

(b) State whether the following statements are true or false. If false, rewrite the statements in the correct form :
(i) When a flower arises in the axil of a leaf-like structure, the structure is known as bract.
(ii) The presence of a hood covering the stigma is a condition of heterostyly in flowers.
(iii) Tegmen is the outermost layer of the seed.
(iv) The scientific name of house crow is Corvus macrorhynchos.
(v) Cataract is an example of degenerative disease.
Answer:
(i) True
(ii) False, The presence of a hood covering the stigma is a condition of herkogamy in flowers.
(iii) False, Testa is the outermost layer of the seed.
(iv) False, The scientific name of house crow is Corvus splendens.
(v) True

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

(c) Match the items of column I with those in column II and rewrite the correct matching pairs.

Column IColumn II
(i)  Blood clotting factor VIII
(ii)  Viviparous germination
(iii) Air spaces
(iv) Bronchi
(v) Steapsin
(a)   Emulsified fats
(b)  Gray hair
(c)   Haemophilia A
(d)   Rhizophora
(e)   Maize grain
(f)  An inverted Y-shaped tube
(g) Haemophilia B

Answer:

Column IColumn II
(i)  Blood clotting factor VUI
(ii)  Viviparous germination
(iii) Air spaces
(iv) Bronchi
(v) Steapsin
(c)  Haemophilia A
(d) Rhizophora
(b) Gray hair
(f) An inverted Y-shaped tube
(a) Emulsified fats

(d) Identify the odd term in each set and classify the rest under one category.
(i) Town area committees, Municipal Corporations, Municipalities, Red Cross.
(ii) BCG, DT, DPT, ATP.
(iii) Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Leprosy, Herpes.
(iv) Trachea, Bronchioles, Alveoli, Oesophagus.
(v) Scapula, Sternum, Vertebrae, Mandible.
Answer:
(i) Odd : Red cross
Category: Local bodies

(ii) Odd: ATP
Category : Names of vaccines

(iii) Odd: Leprosy
Category : Sexually transmitted diseases

(iv) Odd : Oesophagus
Category : Parts of respiratory tract

(v) Odd : Scapula
Category : Bones of axial skeleton

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

(e) Fill in the blanks :
(i) Joint between bones of wrist is an example of joint.
(ii) Liver produces only in embryo.
(iii) is popularly called fruit sugar.
(iv) is the lowest level in biological classification.
(v) is an example of bird pollinated flower.
Answer:
(i) Gliding
(ii) Red Blood Cells
(iii) Fructose
(iv) Species
(v) Canna

(f) Choose the correct answer from each of the four options given below :
(i) Features that help the bird to maintain constant body temperature is :
(a) Digits
(b) Wings
(c) Pneumatic bones
(d) Feathers
Answer:
(d) Feathers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

(ii) Which of the following components of phloem is absent in monocot stem ?
(a) Sieve tubes
(b) Companion cells
(c) Phloem parenchyma
(d) Phloem fibres
Answer:
(c) Phloem parenchyma

(iii) Tissue found in area of regular wear and tear is :
(a) Simple squamous epithelium
(b) Stratified squamous epithelium
(c) Cuboidal epithelium
(d) Columnar epithelium
Answer:
(b) Stratified squamous epithelium

(iv) Which one of the following characteristics is found in all fungi but not in all bacteria ?
(a) Aerobic respiration
(b) Cell wall
(c) Spore formation
(d) A long circular DNA lying loose in the cytoplasm
Answer:
(c) Spore formation

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

(v) Which one of the following pairs of types of teeth performs one common function as stated against it ?
(a) Incisors, canines — Holding
(b) Canines, premolars — Tearing
(c) Premolars, molars — Grinding
(d) Molars, incisors — Tearing
Answer:
(c) Premolars, molars – Grinding

(g) Given below are five sets of terms. Rewrite the terms in correct order so as to be in a logical sequence beginning with the term that is underlined :
(i) Embryo, 1st male gamete, zygote, egg cell, micropvle.
(ii) Preservation, casing, composting, spawning, cropping and harvesting.
(iii) Pulp cavity, dentine, periodontal membrane, enamel.
(iv) Mandible, pelvis, cervical vertebrae, patella, acetabulum.
(v) Stamens, petals, epicalyx, sepals, pistils, receptacle, stalk.
Answer:
(i) 1st male gamete, micropyle, egg cell, zygote, embryo.
(ii) Composting, spawning, casing, cropping and harvesting, preservation.
(iii) Enamel, dentine, pulp cavity, periodontal membrane.
(iv) Mandible, cervical vertebrae, pelvis, acetabulum, patella.
(v) Stalk, receptacle, epicalyx, sepals, petals, stamens, pistils.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

(h) Study the diagram given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers 1
(i) It is a bony fish which belongs to class pisces, phylum chordata and kingdom Animalia.

(ii) They breathe by means of gills, have streamlined body covered with scales and have fins. They are cold blooded i.e., temperature of body directly fluctuates with temperature of environment.

(iii) They are mainly of two types :

  • Cartilaginous fishes whose skeleton is made up of cartilage. Gill slits are exposed without gill cover. Examples-sharks, dogfish etc.
  • Bony fishes whose skeleton is made up of bones. Gill slits are covered with operculum.

(iv) No, it is cold blooded animal.

Section – II
(Attempt any four questions from this section)

Question 2.
(a) Write two points of differences between the following pairs:
(î) Thallophyta and Bryophyta
(ii) Aerobic respiration and Anaerobic respiration
(iii) Bean seed and Maize grain
(iv) Entomophilous flowers and Anemophilous flowers
(v) Axial skeleton and Appendicular skeleton
Answer:
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers 5

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

(b) Study the figure given below and answer the following questions:
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers 2
(i) Identify the figure.
(ii) Label the parts as indicated in figure.
(iii) What are the cells of this structure known as and how are they arranged ?
(iv) What is the chemical composition of this structure ?
(v) What is the membrane of this structure known as ?
Answer:
(i) The figure shows an enlarged bone cell.
(ii) 1-Haversian canal, 2-Osteocyte, 3-Canaliculi.
(iii) The living cells are known as osteocytes and they are arranged in the form of concentric rings embedded in a ground matrix in which collagen fibres and mineral salts are deposited.
(iv) It consists of salts of calcium and phosphorus, collagen fibres.
(v) Periosteum

Question 3.
(a) Give the exact location of the following :
(i) Pylorus
(ii) Cambium
(iii) Centrosome
(iv) Transverse process
(v) Hair root
Answer:
(i) Opening of the stomach into intestine is pylorus.
(ii) Cambium is situated below the bark of the stem.
(iii) It is a region surrounding the centrioles located near nucleus.
(iv) They are thick sideward projections from the neural arches of a vertebrae.
(v) Hair root is the part of hair embedded within the dermis.

(b) With regards to respiratory system of human beings, answer the following :
(i) How will you prove that exhaled air contains water?
(ii) How is the respiratory passage kept free of dust particles?
(iii) Why is the percentage of oxygen content less and carbon dioxide content more in exhaled air?
(iv) How does diaphragm help in inhalation and exhalation ?
Answer:
(i) When we breathe gently upon a cold surface like glass, water droplets appear on the surface which proves that exhaled air contains water.

(ii) The hair present in the nostrils prevent dust and other large particles from entering the respiratory tract. The mucous secretion in nasal chambers entraps the harmful particles. In this way, respiratory passage is kept free of dust particles.

(iii) Oxygen which we breathe in is used up by tissues for oxidation of glucose to release energy in the form of ATP to carry out metabolic activities. So, the percentage of oxygen content in exhaled air [16.4%] is less as compared to inhaled air [20.96%]. Tissues release carbon dioxide due to oxidation of glucose which is released out through exhaled air [4.0%]. Hence, carbon dioxide concentration is more in exhaled air.

(iv) During inhalation diaphragm contracts and flattens, thus increases the chest cavity lengthwise. Pressure decreases inside lungs, drawing air inside. During exhalation, diaphragm is relaxed which moves towards base of lungs and becomes dome-shaped, thus reducing the volume of thoracic cavity and the air is forced out of the lungs.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

Question 4.
(a) Define the following :
(i) Expiratory reserve volume
(ii) Prophylaxis
(iii) Deamination
(iv) Peristalsis
(v) Pollination
Answer:
(i) Air that can be forcibly expelled out after normal expiration is called expiratory reserve volume.

(ii) The practice of artificially introducing the germs or germ substance into the body for developing resistance to a particular disease is called prophylaxis.

(iii) The process of breaking of excess amino acids in the liver where nitrogen containing amino group is removed and converted to urea is called deamination.

(iv) Peristalsis is the wave of constrictions caused by circular muscles of gut by which the food, in the form of bolus, passes through all regions of gut.

(v) Pollination is the transfer of pollen grains from the anther to stigma of same flower or different flower in same plant or different plant of same species.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

(b) Study the figure of a bone given below and answer the following :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers 3
(i) Identify the figure.
(ii) Label the parts indicated in diagram.
(iii) To which part of skeleton does this structure belongs to ?
(iv) What is the main function of this bone ?
(v) What is the main function of the glenoid cavity ?
Answer:
(i) Pectoral girdle
(ii) 1-Spine, 2-Humerus, 3-Scapula, 4-Clavicle.
(iii) Appendicular skeleton
(iv) It helps in articulation of humerus i.e., bone of forelimbs to axial skeleton.
(v) The outer apex has a large cup-shaped glenoid cavity into which fits the round head of humerus.

Question 5.
(a) Give the exact function of the following :
(i) Endoplasmic reticulum
(ii) Lymph
(iii) Proteins
(iv) Cement
(v) Muscle
Answer:
(i) It is a supportive framework for the cell. It synthesizes and transport proteins and fats.
(ii) Lymph mainly consists of WBCs which play an important role in immune response. It absorbs fats and fatty acids from digestive system.
(iii) Proteins provide chemical material for growth and repair of body cells and tissues. During time of emergency, they get oxidised to release energy.
(iv) Cement is a bone-like structure which covers and fixes the root in position.
(v) Muscle provides all movements in body, cover the skeletal framework and give shape to the body. It helps to maintain body posture while sitting, standing or walking.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

(b) With reference to digestive system of our body, answer the following questions :
(i) Name the digestive gland present in mouth. State its function also.
(ii) Give two important functions of the secretion secreted by the gland named by you in Q.(i) above.
(iii) Draw a labelled diagram of a tooth with two roots.
(iv) Name the following parts of a tooth :
1. Exposed above the gum.
2. Soft connective tissue contained in the central space of the tooth.
3. Slight constriction between root and crown.
4. Hard substance making the covering of the tooth.
Answer:
(i) Salivary glands. It secretes saliva which plays an important role in digestion and has many other important functions.

(ii) Saliva contains an enzyme ptyalin which acts upon starch and converts into maltose. It moistens

(iii)
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers 6
(iv) 1. Crown
2. Pulp
3. Neck
4. Enamel

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

Question 6.
(a) Answer the following questions briefly :
(i) List two methods of controlling houseflies.
(ii) Give two advantages of incineration process and also state two precautions that should be taken during this process.
(iii) Describe about the parts of a hair.
(iv) How is liver an important organ in our body ?
(v) Why is spore formation in bacteria not considered a form of reproduction ?
Answer:
(i) 1. Houseflies can be controlled by spraying DDT and insecticides in houses and breeding places.
2. Food should be kept covered and well protected from flies.

(ii) Two advantages of incineration process are :
1. The ash left over occupies much less landfill space.
2. Residual ash in the bottom can be used for recovery of some metals.
Two precautions that should be taken during incineration are :
1. It should be carried out at very high temperature.
2. Incinerators should be installed away from residential areas.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

(iii) A hair consists of three parts :
1. Hair shaft, which projects from skin and extends slightly below the surface of epidermis.
2. Hair root, which is embedded within dermis.
3. Hair bulb, which is the lowest expanded part which contains hair papilla with capillary blood supply.

(iv) Liver performs major functions in our body like :
1. It controls blood sugar level by converting excess glucose into glycogen.
2. Deamination of amino acids occurs in liver.
3. It synthesizes foetal RBCs.
4. It detoxifies drugs, alcohol.
5. It destroys dead RBCs and produces heparin, an anti-coagulant.
So, it is considered an important organ in our body.

(v) During unfavourable conditions, the bacterial cell draws its content into a spherical mass surrounded by a thick and hard protective wall called spore. This is called resting stage to withstand unfavourable conditions. When favourable conditions meet, the wall of spore ruptures and protoplasm becomes active. So, it is not a method of reproduction rather a method of escaping unfavourable conditions.

(b) (i) Draw the female reproductive part of a flower and label :
1. The part which is sticky and receptor of pollen grains.
2. The part that transfers male gametes.
3. The part that contains the female gametes.
(ii) How do the pollen grains reach to the female reproductive part in a flower ?
(iii) Describe how male and female gametes unite in a flowering plant.
Answer:
(i)
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers 7

(ii) Pollen grains reach the stigma of carpel through pollination process by various pollinating agents like wind, insects, water etc.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

(iii) The process of mixing of male and female gametes to form a zygote is called fertilization. By pollination process, pollen grains gets deposited on stigma of carpel. Under suitable conditions, they germinate. A long pollen tube containing two male gametes arises and it passes through style to reach the ovary. The ovary contains ovule which has a embryo sac. Female gamete is present inside embryo sac. The pollen tube enters the ovule through micropyle and penetrates the embryo sac. One male gamete fuses with female gamete to produce zygote whereas the second male gamete fuses with polar nuclei to form endosperm. This process is called double fertilization.

Question 7.
(a) Give biological terms for the following :
(i) The kind of plant cells with thin walls and usually a single large vacuole.
(ii) A specialized shoot in which leaves are modified into floral structures.
(iii) A condition in which filaments of stamens are united in two bundles.
(iv) The condition in which pollen from the anthers of same flower cannot germinate on the stigma of the same flower.
(v) The condition of seed in which cotyledons are thin and membranous and endosperm persists.
(vi) The spherical bacteria when occur in clusters.
(vii) The entire mass of thread-like structure of Rhizopus.
(viii) The expulsion of undigested food from alimentary canal.
(ix) The point at which two separate bones meet.
(x) The narrowing of blood vessels when outside temperature is low.
Answer:
(i) Parenchyma
(ii) Flower
(iii) Diadelphous
(iv) Self sterility
(v) Albuminous seeds
(vi) Staphylococci
(vii) Mycelium
(viii) Defaecation
(ix) Joint
(x) Vasoconstriction

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers

(b) Study the cell organelle given below and answer the questions that follow :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 10 with Answers 4
(i) Identify the cell organelle. Label the parts indicated in figure.
(ii) Give two important functions of this cell organelle.
(iii) What is the function of structure labelled 4, 5?
(iv) Which is the largest cell organelle ?
Answer:
(i) Nucleus.
1-Outer membrane, 2-Inner membrane, 3-Nucleoplasm, 4-Nucleolus, 5-Chromatin reticulum, 6-Nuclear pore.

(ii) 1. Nucleus regulates and coordinates various life processes of the cell.
2. It plays an important part in cell division.

(iii) Nucleolus produces ribosomes, participates in protein synthesis by forming and storing RNA.
Chromatin become thick and ribbon-like during cell division which are the carriers of genes that control hereditary characters.

(iv) Nucleus

ICSE Class 9 Biology Question Papers with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

Section -1
(Attempt all questions from this section)

Question 1.
(a) Name the following :
(i) A machine that separates suspended wastes using electric current.
(ii) The period between the entry of germs and appearance of first symptoms of a disease.
(iii) Cells that remove dust particles in the trachea.
(iv) Hereditary skin disease.
(v) Bone present in upper arm.
Answer:
(i) Electrostatic precipitator
(ii) Incubation period
(iii) Ciliated epithelial cells
(iv) Albinism
(v) Humerus

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

(b) Fill in the blanks :
(i) In hypogeal germination elongates faster.
(ii) In …………… pollination, there is a lot of wastage of pollen grains.
(iii) ……………solution can absorb oxygen present in air.
(iv) The only living component of xylem is ……………
(v) The matrix of bone contain salts of ……………
Answer:
(i) Epicotyl
(ii) Cross
(iii) Pyrogallol
(iv) Xylem parenchyma
(v) Calcium and phosphorus

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

(c) Choose the correct answer from each of the four options given below :
(i) World Health Day is celebrated on :
(a) April 7
(b) July 7
(c) December 22
(d) June 5
Answer:
(a) April 7

(ii) In which disease legs swell and resemble like that of an elephant ?
(a) Taeniasis
(b) Ascariasis
(c) Amoebiasis
(d) Filariasis
Answer:
(d) Filariasis

(iii) The sum of tidal volume, inspiratory reserve volume, expiratory reserve volume is :
(a) Total lung capacity
(b) Residual volume
(c) Vital capacity
(d) Inspiratory capacity
Answer:
(c) Vital capacity

(iv) Which of the enzymes converts proteins to amino acids ?
(a) Amylase
(b) Lipase
(c) Rennin
(d) Trypsin
Answer:
(d) Trypsin

(v) Which vitamin is synthesized by skin ?
(a) Vitamin D
(b) Vitamin B
(c) Vitamin A
(d) Vitamin C
Answer:
(c) Vitamin A

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

(d) Give the exact function of the following :
(i) Steapsin
(ii) Bacterial spores
(iii) Testa
(iv) Areolar tissue
(v) Pneumatophores
Answer:
(i) Steapsin is an enzyme found in pancreatic juice which converts emulsified fat into fatty acids and glycerol.
(ii) Bacterial spores can withstand unfavourable conditions like drought, heat etc. and can survive in these conditions. They can be carried by wind, water etc. and on getting favourable conditions, they germinate.
(iii) Testa protects the delicate inner parts of seed from injury and also from the attack of bacteria, fungi and insects.
(iv) Areolar tissue makes the skin elastic and helps the skin to withstand strain, holds organs in position, attaches epithelial tissue to other underlying tissues.
(v) Pneumatophores are aerial roots present mainly in mangrove plants which have pores for breathing.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

(e) Choose the odd one out and categorise the rest under one group.
(i) Areolar tissue, Adipose tissue, Fibrous connective tissue, Lymph.
(ii) Parenchyma, Collenc’hyma, Sclerenchyma, Phloem.
(iii) Testa, Tegmen, Cotyledon, Aleurone layer.
(iv) Cycas, Fir, Pine, Ferns.
(v) Liver, Wind pipe, Voice box, Alveoli.
Answer:
(i) Odd : Lymph
Category : Connective tissue proper

(ii) Odd: Phloem
Category : Supporting tissue

(iii) Odd : Aleurone layer
Category : Found in bean seed

(iv) Odd : Ferns
Category: Gymnosperms

(v) Odd: Liver
Category : Parts of respiratory tract

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

(f) The statements given below are incorrect. Write the correct form of the statement by changing the underlined words only.
(i) Volvox is a fungi.
(ii) Lenticels are found on surface of leaves which help in gaseous exchange.
(iii) TAB vaccine contains living weakened bacteria.
(iv) Rickets is a condition in which cornea of our eyes gets dried.
(v) Amylopsin is present in intestinal juice which digests starch to maltose.
Answer:
(i) Volvox is a thallophyta.
(ii) Stomata are found on surface of leaves which help in gaseous exchange.
(iii) BCG vaccine contains living weakened bacteria.
(iv) Xerophthalmia is a condition in which cornea of our eyes gets tired.
(v) Amylopsin is present in pancreatic juice

(g) Complete the following paragraph by filling in the appropriate term :
The method of naming organisms is called …………. (i) and was introduced first by …………. (ii). The five kingdom classification was proposed by (iii). Kingdom Plantae is divided into …………. (iv), …………. (v), …………. (vi),…………. (vii), and …………. (viii). Kingdom animalia is divided into …………. (ix) and …………. (x).
Answer:
(i) Binomial nomenclature
(ii) Linnaeus
(iii) R.H. Whittaker
(iv) Thallophyta
(y) Bryophyta
(vi) Pterìdophyta
(vii) Gyrmnosperms
(viii) Angiosperms
(ix) Vertebrates
(x) Invertebrates

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

(h) Study the figure given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers 3
(i) Identify the seed. Is it a monocotyledonous or dicotyledonous seed ?
(ii) Label the parts.
(iii) Give some examples of this category of seed.
(iv) What is the function of the part labelled 3, 4, 5.
(v) Discuss the two types of germination process.
Answer:
(i) It is a bean seed which is a dicotyledonous seed.
(ii) 1- Testa, 2- Tegmen, 3- Cotyledons, 4- Plumule, 5- Radicle, 6- Hypocotyl, 7- Epicotyl.
(iii) Examples of this type of seed are gram, pea etc.
(iv) Cotyledons store food for the embryo and also protects it.
Plumule is the future shoot and radicle is the future root.
The two types of germination are :
1. Hypogeal germination : Here, epicotyl elongates and cotyledons remain underground like in pea and gram.
2. Epigeal germination : Here, hypocotyl elongates and cotyledons are pushed above the ground like in castor, bean.

Section – II
(Attempt any four questions from this section)

Question 2.
(a) The apparatus given below is set up to demonstrate a particular process occurring in plants. Study the same and answer the following :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers 4
(i) Name the process. Give the overall balanced equation to represent the process.
(ii) What is the objective of the experiment ?
(iii) Why is soda lime placed in the tube ?
(iv) What change would you observe in lime water present in flask A and B ?
(v) Give one precaution to be taken in this experiment.
Answer:
(i) Respiration process is demonstrated in this experiment.
C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O + 38 ATP
(ii) The main objective of the experiment is to show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.
(iii) Soda lime absorbs carbon dioxide from the incoming air so that it does not interfere with the results of the experiment.
(iv) In flask A, lime water turns milky because on respiration by plants, carbon dioxide is produced. But in flask B, lime water does not turn milky as soda lime absorbs carbon dioxide from the incoming air.
(v) To prevent photosynthesis, the experimental set-up should be covered with a black cloth.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

(b) Write two characteristic features of the following :
(i) Bacteria
(ii) Animal cell
(iii) Fungi
(iv) Aves
(v) Arthropods
Answer:
(i) Two characteristic features of bacteria are :
1. They are prokaryotes i.e., nuclear material lies free in cytoplasm without nuclear membrane and nucleolus.
2. Their cell wall is made up of peptidoglycan and sometimes a slimy protective layer is present outside the cell wall.

(ii) Two characteristic features of animal cell are :
1. Centrosome is present which initiates and regulates cell division.
2. Cell wall and plastids are absent.

(iii) Two characteristic features of fungi are :
1. They are made up of thread-like structures called hyphae.
2. They have,no chlorophyll and their body is not differentiated into roots, stem or leaves.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

(iv) Two characteristic features of aves are :
1. Their forelimbs are modified into wings and they have feathers.
2. Their body is streamlined, lay eggs with calcareous shells.

(v) Two characteristic features of arthropods are :
1. Their exoskeleton is made up of chitin.
2. They have jointed limbs and their exoskeleton casts off and regrows which is known as moulting.

Question 3.
(a) Answer the following questions briefly :
(i) Give some advantages and disadvantages of cross pollination.
(ii) Give one speciality of striated muscles and cardiac muscles.
(iii) What is the name of plastid, pigment present in ripe tomato and petals of sunflower ?
(iv) Name the different structures found in epidermis and dermis of human skin respectively.
(v) What is the role of fats in our body ?
Answer:
(i) Some advantages of cross pollination are :
1. Offsprings are healthier.
2. Seeds produced are abundant and viable.
3. New varieties are produced.

Disadvantages of cross pollination :
1. Pollination is not always certain.
2. There is lot of wastage of pollen grains.
3. The process is uneconomical for the plant as flower has to be large, coloured, scented and have to produce nectar.

(ii) Striated muscles are voluntary muscles made up of long fibres which are nucleated and striated (light and dark bands run across the fibres). Cardiac muscles are involuntary and do not get tired soon. They are found only in the walls of heart.

(iii) Plastids found in ripe tomato are chromoplasts and pigment is carotene. Plastids found in petals of sunflower are chromoplasts and pigment is xanthophyll.

(iv) Epidermis is the outer thinner part of skin which consists of stratum comeum made up of protein keratin, granular layer and malpighian layer which actively divides to produce new cells. Pigment melanin which is responsible for skin colouration is found in malpighian layer. Dermis is inner thick layer which contains blood vessels, nerve fibres, hair follicles, sweat glands, sensory organs, sebaceous glands etc.

(v) Fats produce more energy than carbohydrates in our body. They are an important storage form of food. They serve as a solvent for fat soluble vitamins like A, D, E and K. Fat under skin acts as an insulating layer and keeps the body warm.

(b) Study the below figure and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers 5
(i) Name the organism.
(ii) Name the disease caused by it in humans.
(iii) Give symptoms of this disease.
(iv) How is it caused and how the disease can be prevented ?
(v) Label the parts indicated in diagram.
Answer:
(i) The organism is Entamoeba histolytica.
(ii) It causes amoebic dysentery.
(iii) Symptoms are diarrhea with griping pain and discharge of mucus and sometimes blood in stools.
(iv) It is caused through contaminated food and water. This disease can be prevented by proper sanitation and protecting food from flies and dust.
(v) 1-Pseudopodium, 2-Nucleus, 3-Blood cell.

Question 4.
(a) Give reasons :
(i) Yeast is used in baking industry.
(ii) Seeds should not be planted deep in the soil.
(iii) Rest and exercise are required for healthy body.
(iv) Glottis is guarded by epiglottis.
(v) Vertebral column is curved.
Answer:
(i) Due to its property of fermentation, yeast is used in baking industry. It ferments glucose/starch of wheat flour to produce ethanol and carbon dioxide which causes rising of dough that gives the bread a light, spongy texture.

(ii) Seeds, if planted deep in the soil, cannot get sufficient amount of oxygen which is very necessary for germination process. Insufficient pushing force in the embryonic parts i.e.r hypocotyl or epicotyl to break through the upper layers of soil may lead to the failure of germination of seeds.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

(iii) Rest in the form of sleep for about 6-7 hours daily is required for all our organs including brain. Physical exercise is also required which improves our blood circulation and makes us active. More amount of oxygen enters into our body by doing exercise regularly. It helps us to stay healthy and fit.

(iv) Glottis is guarded by epiglottis which is a muscular flap-like structure that prevents entry of food into our wind pipe during swallowing.

(v) Vertebral column is curved to maintain balance of body in erect position. It protects the column from breaking, absorbs pressure and shocks while walking, running etc.

(b) Answer the following questions related to human skeleton :
(i) Give some functions of skeleton in our body.
(ii) What constitute our skeleton ?
(iii) What is the classification of bones based on their shape ?
(iv) Give region-wise classification of bones and their number in humans.
(v) What is present in the cavity of long bones ? State its function also.
Answer:
Some functions of human skeleton in our body are :
1. It provides support to our body parts and gives definite shape.
2. It protects our delicate organs like brain [skull], heart and lungs [ribs], spinal cord [vertebral column] etc.
3. Blood cells are formed in marrow of long bones.
4. It is a storehouse of calcium and phosphorus.
5. Bones and muscles bring about movements in-our body.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

(ii) Bones, cartilage and ligaments constitute our skeleton.

(iii) Based on their shape, bones are long, short, flat and irregular.

(iv) Axial skeleton-80 bones.
Skull : cranium-8 bones, face-14 bones
Vertebral column-33 : cervical-7, thoracic-12, lumbar-5, sacrum-1 (fused 5), coccyx-1, Ribs – 24, stemum-1.

Appendicular skeleton-126 bones
Pectoral girdle-4 (clavicle-2, scapula-2)
Humerus-2, radius ulna-4, Carpals-16, metacarpals-10, phalanges-28
Pelvic girdle-2, femur-2, tibia fibula-4, tarsals-14, meta tarsals-10, phalanges- 28, patella-2

(v) Bone marrow is present in the hollow cavity of long bones. Yellow marrow gives rise to white blood cells whereas red marrow produces red blood cells.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

Question 5.
(a) Give differences between the following pairs based on guidelines given in brackets.
(i) Immovable joint and Partially movable joint (examples)
(ii) Left lung and Right lung (number of lobes present)
(iii) Liver and Pancreas (location)
(iv) Vitamin K and Vitamin D (functions)
(v) TB and Typhoid fever (causative agent)
Answer:
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers 1
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers 2

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

(b) Study the diagram given below and answer the following :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers 6
(i) What is the function of pleural fluid and trachea ?
(ii) Give the name of covering of lungs.
(iii) What are the positions of diaphragm at the time of inhalation and exhalation ?
(iv) Why should lining of alveoli be moist ?
(v) What is the significance of the structure of alveoli ?
Answer:
(i) Pleural fluid present between pleural membrane provides lubrication for free movement of expanding and contracting lungs. Trachea is the windpipe through which air moves in and out of the lungs.

(ii) Pleura is the covering of lungs which is double layered-outer parietal and inner visceral layer.

(iii) During inhalation, diaphragm contracts and flattens whereas during exhalation, diaphragm relaxes and moves towards the base of lungs and becomes dome-shaped.

(iv) For easy diffusion of respiratory gases, lining of alveoli should be moist.

(v) Alveoli provide large surface area for diffusion of gases. It is the structural and functional unit of lungs.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

Question 6.
(a) The figure shows alimentary canal of man. Study the same and answer the following questions:
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers 7
(i) What are the three parts of small intestine and large intestine ?
(ii) How is caecum different in man and rabbit ?
(iii) What is the fate of starch, proteins and fats ?
(iv) How are glucose and amino acids assimilated in our body ?
(v) What is the function of gall bladder ?
Answer:
(i) Three parts of small intestine are duodenum, jejunum, ileum. Parts of large intestine are caecum, colon, rectum.

(ii) Caecum is longer in rabbit than human beings. It contains bacteria which produce some enzymes that digest cellulose but in humans no cellulose digesting enzyme is present.

(iii) Starch is converted into glucose, proteins into amino acids and fats into fatty acids and glycerol.

(iv) Glucose is oxidized in the presence of oxygen to release energy in the form of ATP which is used to carry out various metabolic activities. Excess glucose is stored in the form of glycogen in liver. Amino acids are used to build proteins. Excess amino acids are broken down in liver by deamination process and are converted into urea which is excreted out. Some part is converted into glucose.

(v) Gall bladder stores bile secreted by liver.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

(b) State the importance of following vitamins and minerals in our body :
(i) Iron
(ii) Sodium
(iii) Vitamin A
(iv) Riboflavin
(v) Iodine
Answer:
(i) It is an important component of haemoglobin.
(ii) It regulates acid-base equilibrium.
(iii) It is an important component of visual purple in retinal cells of eye.
(iv) It regulates oxidation of food.
(v) It is an important component of thyroxine hormone secreted by thyroid gland.

Question 7.
(a) Study the figure below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers 8
(i) Which major organ of the flower does fig. A represent ? What is the collective term for this organ ?
(ii) Label the parts indicated in the figure.
(iii) Are the contents inside part 4, male or female ? How does this content come out ?
(iv) There is a flower where we use terms like standard, wings, keel. Name the flower.
(v) What part of the flower do the names given in Q.
(iv) above refer to ?
Answer:
(i) It represents stamen, a male reproductive organ of the flower. Collectively, they are known as androecium.
(ii) 1- Filament, 2- Anther, 3- Pollen grains, 4- Pollen sacs.
(iii) Pollen grains carry male gametes so they represent male part of the flower. When pollen sacs get fully mature, they rupture to liberate pollen grains.
(iv) Sweat pea .
(v) Standard, wings, keel etc. are the petals of the flower.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

(b) Write the advantages of the following in the flower to the plant concerned :
(i) Long and feathery stigma
(ii) Brightly coloured petals
(iii) Smooth and light pollen
(iv) Fragnant nectar
(v) Sticky pollen grains and stigma
Answer:
(i) Long and feathery stigma are present in anemophilous flowers which are pollinated by wind. They are long and feathery, hanging out of the flower so that they can easily trap the pollen grains carried away by the wind.

(ii) The entomophilous flowers which are pollinated by insects have brightly coloured petals that attract insects for pollination.

(iii) Pollen grains which are light, dry and smooth can be easily carried by wind and it is a special feature of wind pollinated flowers.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 9 with Answers

(iv) Flower emits sweet smelling nectar to attract insects and is a feature of anemophilous flower.

(v) In case of insect pollinated flowers, both stigma and pollen grains are sticky. Pollen grains are sticky so that they can easily stick to the body of insects and can be carried away. Stigma is sticky so that it can trap pollen grains easily from body of insects.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Question Papers with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers

Section -1
(Attempt all questions from this section)

Question 1.
(a) Name the following :
(i) The longest animal cell.
(ii) Tissue found in husk of coconut.
(iii) Three germ killing secretions of our body.
(iv) Cavity in the body in which human lungs are located,
(v) Location of the heat regulating centre of the body.
Answer:
(i) Neuron
(ii) Scierenchyma
(iii) Saliva, sweat, tears
(iv) Thoracic cavity
(v) Hypothalamus

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers

(b) Choose the correct answer from each of the four options given below :
(i) First living cells were observed by :
(a) Leeuwenhoek
(b) Robert Hooke
(c) Virchow
(d) Robert Brown
Answer:
(a) Leeuwenhock

(ii) Phylum Mollusca can be distinguished from other non-chordates by the presence of :
(a) Bilateral symmetry and exoskeleton
(b) Mantle and gills
(c) Shell and non-segmented body
(d) Mantle and non-segmented body
Answer:
(c) Shell and non-segmented body

(iii) Pinna is supported by :
(a) Bone
(b) Tendon
(c) Capsule
(d) Cartilage
Answer:
(d) Cortilage

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers

(iv) Pylorus is an opening from :
(a) Oesophagus into stomach
(b) Mouth cavity into oesophagus
(c) Stomach into intestine
(d) Intestine into rectum
Answer:
(c) Stomach into intestine

(v) The vector that transmits filarial worm is :
(a) Anopheles mosquito
(b) Culex mosquito
(c) Housefly
(d) Entamoeba
Answer:
(b) Culex mosquito

(c) Fill in the blanks :
(i) …………. is the liquid waste that runs off into the drains from the house.
(ii) ………….parasite is responsible for plague.
(iii) Incomplete closure of ………… during swallowing causes cough.
(iv) Curdling of milk occurs by …………….
(v) Three inlets of oxygen gas for respiration in plants are ………….. and ………….
Answer:
(i) Sewage
(ii) Rat-flea
(iii) Epiglottis
(iv) Lactobacillus
(v) Stomata, lenticels, general surface of roots

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers

(d) State whether the following statements are true or false. If false, rewrite the correct form of the statement:
(i) Food is stored in endosperm in the case of maize grain.
(ii) Removing of anthers in young flowers is called pollination.
(iii) Diadelphous stamen condition is seen in Bombax.
(iv) In Volvox, a thallus-like body is present.
(v) Aspergillus is called blue mould.
Answer:
(i) True
(ii) False, Removing of antheis in young flowers is called emasculation.
(iii) False, Polyadeiphous stamen condition is seen in Bombax.
(iv) True
(v) False, Aspergillus is called green mould.

(e) Choose the odd one and include the rest under one group.
(i) Mycelium, Sporangium, Hyphae, Capsule. ,
(ii) Salivary glands, Liver, Pancreas, Prostate gland.
(iii) Glenoid cavity, Scapula, Clavicle, Acetabulum.
(iv) Frog, Salamander, Alligator, Sea cucumber.
(v) Plasmid, Cell wall, Chloroplast, Dictyosome.
Answer:
(i) Odd: Capsule
Rest belong to Rhizopus/bread mould

(ii) Odd : Prostate gland
Rest are glands associated with digestive system.

(iii) Odd : Acetabulum
Rest are associated with pectoral girdle.

(iv) Odd : Sea cucumber
Rest are vertebrates.

(v) Odd : Plasmid
Rest are found in a plant cell.

(f) Match the items given in column I with the most appropriate ones in column II and rewrite the correct matching pairs :

Column IColumn II
(i)  Coccyx
(ii)  Devil fish
(iii) Scutellum
(iv)  Hay fever
(v)  Chloromycetin
(a) Mollusca
(b) Allergy
(c) Antibiotic
(d) Vertebrae
(e) Maize

Answer:

Column IColumn II
(i) Coccyx
(ii) Devil fish
(iii) Scutellum
(iv) Hay fever
(v) Chloromycetin
(d) Vertebrae
(a) Mollusca
(e) Maize
(b) Allergy
(c) Antibiotic

(g) Differentiate between the following on the basis of guidelines given in brackets :
(i) Toxin and Antitoxin (definition)
(ii) Scrubbers and Electrostatic precipitators (function)
(iii) Sleeping sickness and Filariasis (causal agent)
(iv) Hibernation and Aestivation (definition)
(v) Immovable joint and Partially movable joint (example)
Answer:
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers 6

(h) Study the formula given below and answer the following which is related to dental formula :
i 3/4 c 0/0 pm 0/1 m 1/1
(i) State the total number of teeth present in the dentition.
(ii) Is the dentition of a carnivore or herbivore ? Give reason.
(iii) Name an animal possessing such dentition.
(iv) Give dental formula of an adult human being.
(v) Give dental formula of a human child.
Answer:
(i) Total number of teeth is 20.
(ii) It is of herbivore as no canine teeth are present.
(iii) Rabbit
(iv) i 2/2 c 1/1 pm 2/2 m 3/3
(v) 2/2 c 1/1 pm 0/O m 2/2

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers

Section – II
(Attempt any four questions from this section)

Question 2.
(a) Study the figure given below and answer the following questions:
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers 1
(i) Identify figure A, B and C.
(ii) Which of them has heavy deposition of lignin ?
(iii) Which of them provides mechanical strength and flexibility ?
(iv) Which of them is modified to store chloroplasts in leaves ?
(v) Which of them is commercially exploited to obtain linen and hemp ?
Answer:
(i) A-Sclerenchyma, B-Parenchyma, C-Collenchyma
(ii) Sclerenchyma
(iii) Collenchyma
(iv) Parenchyma
(v) Sclerenchyma

(b) Give reasons :
(i) Raw mango is green in colour while ripe one is yellow.
(ii) Plasma membrane is a semi-permeable membrane.
(iii) Anthers in anemophilous flowers are loosely attached.
(iv) Disposable needles must be used for injection.
(v) Anaerobic respiration is an incomplete break down of glucose.
Answer:
(i) Raw mango contains chlorophyll which is a green pigment but when mango ripens, chlorophyll disintegrates and xanthophyll, carotene takes their places. So green colour changes to yellow or orange-red colour.
(ii) Plasma membrane allows only certain substances to pass through it while it prevents entry of other substances. So, it is called a semi-permeable membrane.

(iii) In anemophilous flowers, pollination occurs through wind. So anthers containing pollen grains are loosely attached to filament so that they can easily be blown away by slight wind movement.

(iv) Injection needles if shared by more than one person may introduce the HIV virus from one individual to another. So to prevent the transmission of HIV, disposable needles are used for injection.

(v) In anaerobic respiration, glucose is not completely oxidized. In plants or yeast cells glucose, in the absence of oxygen or insufficient oxygen, forms ethanol and carbon dioxide. In animal cells it produces lactic acid. Thus, incomplete break down of glucose occurs because when glucose completely breaks down, it gives carbon dioxide and water.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers

Question 3.
(a) State the exact function of the following :
(i) Municipalities
(ii) Pleural fluid
(iii) Meibomian glands
(iv) Red bone marrow
(v) HCL in gastric juice
Answer:
(i) Municipalities look after sanitation, supply of safe drinking water, arrange vaccination programmes, keep statistical records of births and deaths.

(ii) Pleural fluid is found between outer and inner membrane of lungs which provides lubrication for free movement of expanding and contracting lungs.

(iii) The secretion of meibomian glands is oily which lubricates the margins of eyelids and prevents the overflow of tears.

(iv) Red bone marrow produces RBCs.

(v) HCL makes the medium of stomach acidic so that pepsin enzyme gets activated to digest proteins. It also kills the germs that may have entered along with our food.

(b) Study the diagram given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers 2
(i) Label the parts 1-6.
(ii) Give examples of synovial joints.
(iii) How is this joint protected ?
(iv) What is the function of the part labelled 3 ?
(v) Give an example of pivot joint.
Answer:
(i) 1-Bone, 2-Cartilage, 3-Synovial fluid, 4—Synovial membrane, 5-Fibrous capsule, 6-Ligament.
(ii) Shoulder joint, knee joint.
(iii) It is well protected by an outer fibrous capsule and held in position by ligaments. Synovial fluid lubricates the point of contact between two bones so that friction is reduced and we can easily bend our knee or shoulder without any pain.
(iv) Joint between skull and upper end of axis vertebrae.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers

Question 4.
(a) State the exact location of the following :
(i) Duodenum
(ii) Plasmid
(iii) Notochord
(iv) Epicalyx
(v) Columnar epithelial tissue
Answer:
(i) It is upper part of small intestine next to stomach.
(ii) Plasmids are extra-chromosomal DNA found in cytoplasm of bacteria.
(iii) It is a rod-like structure present in the mid-dorsal axis of the body in few primitive forms of chordates.
(iv) It is second series of sepals, lies outer to calyx in some flower like Hibiscus.
(v) They are tall like brick or cylindrical cells found in inner lining of stomach and intestine.

(b) Study the diagram given below and answer the following questions
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers 3
(i) Identify figure A and B.
(ii) Label the parts 1-4.
(iii) What is the role of part 3 ?
(iv) Give the importance of cell organelle A and B.
(v) What is the special name of the organelle in figure B in plant cells ?
Answer:
(i) A is mitochondria, B is golgi complex
(ii) 1-Outer membrane, 2-Inner membrane, 3-Cristae, 4-Matrix.
(iii) Cristae provide a large amount of surface area for chemical reactions to occur as mitochondria is the site of aerobic respiration.
(iv) Mitochondria is the site of cellular aerobic respiration and stores energy in the form of ATP. It also synthesizes respiratory enzymes.
Golgi body synthesizes and secretes enzymes and hormones. It forms the acrosome of sperm.
(v) Dictyosomes

Question 5.
(a) Answer the following questions briefly :
(i) What is the function of ciliated epithelium and where is it found ?
(ii) Give advantages of long and feathery stigma in flowers.
(iii) Potatoes kept in basket during rainy season give out small shoots. Would you call it as germination ?
(iv) What special precaution would one take to conduct experiment on respiration process in green plants ?
(v) What are two forms of dysentery and their causal agent ?
Answer:
(i) The cells of ciliated epithelium have fine hair-like projections called cilia which constantly moves removing dust, foreign particles etc., from that region where it is present. It is found in the lining of trachea.

(ii) Long and feathery stigma is present in anemophilous flowers i.e., where pollination is done by wind. This type of stigma can easily trap pollen grains carried by wind.

(iii) No, it is called sprouting where small shoots arise from eye buds of potato tuber. But in case of germination, tiny shoots arise from seeds of plants.

(iv) We should not keep the experimental set-up containing the green plant under sunlight as carbon dioxide released will be used by plants for photosynthesis. So we should conduct respiration experiment in a dark room.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers

(v) Two forms of dysentery are :
1. Bacillary dysentery, caused by bacterium Shigella.
2. Amoebic dysentery, caused by protozoa Entamoeba histolytica.

(b) The figure below shows a section of a flower. Study it carefully and answer the following questions:
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers 4
(i) Label the parts as indicated in figure.
(ii) Is it a perfect or imperfect flower ? Give reason.
(iii) What are esseritial and non-essential parts of a flower ?
(iv) Which are the male and female parts of a flower ?
(v) Give the collective term of the parts labelled 4,10, 3.
Answer:
(i) 1-Anther, 2-Filament, 3-Petal, 4-Sepal, 5-Receptacle, 6-Stalk, 7-Stigma, 8-Style, 9-Ovary, 10-Stamen.
(ii) It is a perfect flower as it contains all the four floral structures.
(iii) Essential parts of a flower are those that are directly concerned with reproduction e.g. stamens and carpels. Non-essential parts are those which protect the reproductive parts or helps the flower in pollination e.g. sepals and petals.
(iv) Male part is stamen which contains male gametes in pollen grains and female part is pistil which contains female gametes.
(v) Collective term for sepals is called calyx.
Collective term for stamens is called androecium.
Collective term for petals is called corolla.

Question 6.
(a) Give biological terms for the following :
(i) The process by which the cells are modified to perform specific function resulting in division of labour.
(ii) The condition in which sepals are fused in a flower.
(iii) The condition in which petals and sepals are undifferentiated together.
(iv) The type of germination seen in a bean seed.
(v) A common phase in both aerobic and anaerobic respiration.
(vi) A group of related families.
(vii) The technique of partial sterilization usually applied to milk.
(viii) A structure which prevents back flow of food from stomach into oesophagus.
(ix) The point at which two separate bones meet.
(x) The process of lifting of body hairs during emotions or winter season.
Answer:
(i) Differentiation
(ii) Gamosepalous
(iii) Perianth
(iv) Epigeat germination
(y) Glycolysis
(vi) Order
(vii) Pasteurization
(viii) Cardiac sphincter
(ix) Joint
(x) Piloerection

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers

(b) Given below are five chemical reactions involving glucose and five different chemical products ( A-E ).
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers 5
Write the reaction number for the following :
(i) Anaerobic respiration in plants
(ii) End products in aerobic respiration
(iii) Reactions occurring in liver
(iv) Anaerobic respiration in animals
(v) Storage in the liver
(vi) Aerobic respiration
(vii) Anaerobic respiration in yeast
(viii) Change taking place in potato
(ix) Fermentation
(x) During strenuous exercise in muscles
Answer:
(i) Reaction 5
(ii) Reaction 4
(iii) Reaction 3
(iv) Reaction 1
(v) Reaction 3
(vi) Reaction 4
(vii) Reaction 5
(ix) Reaction 5
(x) Reaction 1

Question 7.
(a) Give the treatment of the following diseases :
(i) Malaria
(ii) Sleeping sickness
(iii) Amoebic dysentery
(iv) Tuberculosis
(v) Typhoid
Answer:
(i) Drugs like quinine, paludrine, camoquin are used to treat malaria.
(ii) Drugs like melarsophol is used to treat sleeping sickness.
(iii) It can be treated with antibiotics. Proper sanitation, keeping food away from dust and flies.
(iv) Antibiotic streptomycin is used to treat TB and BCG vaccine helps in developing immunity against TB.
(v) Chloromycetin antibiotic is used to treat typhoid.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 7 with Answers

(b) Answer the following questions related to human skin :
(i) What are the two layers of human skin ?
(ii) Name some special derivatives of human skin.
(iii) Name the parts of a hair. Which part helps in growth and elongation of hair ?
(iv) Give the parts of a nail.
(v) Name the secretion of sweat gland. State its composition also.
Answer:
(i) The two layers of human skin are epidermis and dermis.
(ii) Some special derivatives of human skin are hair, nails, mammary glands, sweat glands, sebaceous glands.
(iii) Hair consist of three parts-hair shaft, hair root and hair bulb.
Hair bulb and hair follicle together are responsible for the growth and elongation of hair.
(iv) Plate, bed and matrix are the parts of a nail.
(v) Sweat is a secretion of sweat gland. It consists of about 99% water, 0.2-0.5% salts and traces of urea (0.08%).

ICSE Class 9 Biology Question Papers with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers

Section -1
(Attempt all questions from this section)

Question 1.
(a) Name the following :
(i) The organs of defense in coelenterates.
(ii) Aerial roots present in plants like mangroves which help in breathing.
(iii) Mosquito which spread yellow fever.
(iv) Fish which eats larvae of mosquito.
(v) Alternative name of lockjaw disease.
(b) Give one example for the following :
(i) Cells in our body which undergo phagocytosis
(ii) A sporadic disease
(iii) Disease caused by parasitic worms
(iv) Useful fungi
(v) Bryophyta
Answer:
(i) Stinging cells
(ii) Pneumatophores
(iii) Aedes aegypti
(iv) Gambusia
(v) Tetanus

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers

(b) Choose the correct answer from each of the four options given below :
(i) Which one of the following is made of dead cells ?
(a) Sclerenchyma
(b) Tracheids
(c) Vessels
(d) All of these
Answer:
(i) WBCs

(ii) The symbiotic association of algae and fungi is found in :
(a) Lichens
(b) Mosses
(c) Liverworts
(d) Ferns
Answer:
(ii) Malaria

(iii) Hollow bones are found in :
(a) Snake
(b) Frogs
(c) Fishes
(d) Birds
Answer:
(iii) Taeniasis

(iv) The inner lining of stomach is protected by one of the following from the harmful effect of hydrochloric acid which is :
(a) Bile
(b) Mucus
(c) Saliva
(d) Lipase
Answer:
(iv) Penicillium notatum

(v) World Rabies Day is celebrated on :
(a) September 8
(b) December 1
(c) June 5
(d) March 22
Answer:
(v) Mosses

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers

(d) Complete the following statements by choosing the correct alternatives out of those given within brackets :
(i) The flower of papaya is ………….. (perfect / imperfect/ complete)
(ii) The solid material obtained by secondary treatment of waste matter is which is used as manure,………….. (effluent /sewage / sludge)
(iii) The causative agent of chicken pox is ………….. ( varicella zoster / taenia solium/ trypanosoma)
(iv) The total lung capacity in human beings is ………….. (6000 ml/4500 ml/ 3000 ml)
(v) ………….. is one of the problem associated with sebaceous gland due to hormonal influence. ( acne/ pimples/ blackhead)
Answer:
(i) Imperfect
(ii) Sludge
(iii) Varicella Zoster
(iv) 6000 ml
(v) Acne

(e) Statements given below are incorrect. Write the correct form of the statements by changing the underlined word only :
(i) Liver is the second largest gland in our body.
(ii) Deficiency of folic acid causes scurvy.
(iii) Flame cells are excretory organs of earthworm.
(iv) Anaerobic respiration in yeast is called pasteurization.
(v) Micropyle represents the spot where ovule was attached to ovarian wall.
Answer:
(i) Pancreas is the second largest gland in our body.
(ii) Deficiency of foilic acid causes anaemia.
(iii) Flame cells are excetory organs of tapeworms.
(iv) Anaerobic respiration in yeast is called fermentation.
(v) Hilum represents the spot where ovule was attached to ovarian wall.

(f) Choose the odd one out and categorise the rest under one group.
(i) Squamous, Columnar, Glandular, Ligament.
(ii) Stigma, Style, Filament, Ovary.
(iii) Synergid, Generative nucleus, Antipodal cell, Polar nuclei.
(iv) Jellyfish, Starfish, Brittle-star, Sea cucumber.
(v) Rickets, Xerophthalmia, Pellagra, Marasmus.
Answer:
(i) Odd : Ligament
Category : Epitheial tissue.

(ii) Odd : Filament
Category: Parts of carpel/pistil.

(iii) Odd : Generative nucleus
Category: Found inside ovule.

(iv) Odd : Jellyfish
Category: Echinoderms.

(v) Odd : Marasmus
Category: Vitamin deficiency diseases.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers

(g) Define the following :
(i) Antibiotic
(ii) Innate immunity
(iii) Basal metabolic rate
(iv) Malnutrition
(v) Species
Answer:
(i) Antibiotic is a chemical substance produced by microbes which can kill or inhibit the growth of other microbes.

(ii) Innate immunity is the immunity by virtue of genetic constitutional makeup which is present naturally in our body without any external stimulation or a previous infection.

(iii) The rate at which the body uses energy, while at rest, to maintain vital functions such as breathing is called basal metabolic rate.

(iv) Malnutrition is the condition in which a person suffers due to lack or deficiency of one or more essential elements of food.

(v) Species means an organism of particular kind whose members can interbreed among themselves to produce fertile young ones.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers

(h) Complete the following analogy
(i) Aerobic respiration : 38 ATP :: Anaerobic respiration : ……………………..
(ii) Radicle : Coleorhiza :: Plumule : ……………………..
(iii) Heterostyle : Primrose :: …………………….. : Pansy flower
(iv) Bract : Bougainvillea :: …………………….. : Nectaries
(v) Red bone marrow : RBCs :: Yellow bone marrow : ……………………..
Answer:
(i) 2 ATP
(ii) Coleoptile
(iii) Herkogamy
(iv) Nasturtium
(y) WBCs

Section – II
(Attempt any four questions from this section)

Question 2.
(a) Give two parts of differences between the following pairs :
(i) Plant cell and Animal cell
(ii) Poriferans and Cnidarians
(iii) Gastric juice and Intestinal juice
(iv) Bone and Muscle
(v) Sebaceous gland and Sweat gland
Answer:
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers 7

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers

(b) Study the figure given below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers 1
(i) Identify the virus. Name the infection it causes.
(ii) Give the symptoms of the disease.
(iii) How is this disease transmitted ?
(iv) Label the parts indicated in figure.
(v) When this disease was first recognized ?
Answer:
(i) It is HIV virus. It causes AIDS.
(ii) Symptoms are swollen lymph nodes, fever, night sweats, weight loss.
(iii) The disease is transmitted by sexual contact with infected person, contaminated blood transfusion, mother to child during pregnancy, shared injection needles.
(iv) 1-Viral protein, 2-Protein covering, 3-RNA.
(v) AIDS was first recognized in USA in 1981.

Question 3.
(a) Answer the following questions briefly :
(i) Give some merits of local defense system.
(ii) Under what conditions would the breathing rate increase ?
(iii) What is roughage ?
(iv) Describe the three types of lever mechanisms in our body.
(v) State the function of Meissner’s corpuscle and Pacinian corpuscle in the skin.
Answer:
(i) Some merits of local defense system are :
1. They start working instantaneously and are not dependent on previous exposure to infections.

2. They are effective against a wide range of potentially infectious agents. Breathing rate increases during strenuous physical exercise like running, swimming, brisk walking, emergency situation like fear, nervousness. The amount of oxygen in the body tissues decreases and concentration of carbon dioxide increases, thus breathing rate increases to attain the normal level of oxygen and carbon dioxide concentration.

Roughage is the cellulose part of fruits, raw vegetables and other plant materials that we consume. It is not digested in alimentary canal as our body does not secrete cellulose digesting enzymes.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers

The three types of lever mechanisms found in our body are :
1. Lever of first order : Here, fulcrum lies in between power and weight.
Example : Extension of arm at the elbow by action of triceps muscles.

2. Lever of second order : Here, weight is in between fulcrum and power.
Example : Muscles of leg [gastrocnemius muscle] raising weight of the body on toes.

3. Lever of third order : Here, power is in between fulcrum and weight.
Example : Biceps muscles flexing the arm.

(v) Meissner’s corpuscles detect the sense of touch whereas pacinian corpuscle detects the sense of pressure.

(b) The figure below shows the vertebral column. Study the same and answer the following questions:
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers 2
(i) Give the main function of vertebral column.
(ii) Name the bones labelled 1-5 in the figure.
(iii) Draw a labelled diagram of thoracic vertebrae.
(iv) Describe the structure of a vertebrae.
Answer:
Vertebral column protects the spinal cord, maintains balance of the body in an erect position, provides attachment of pectoral and pelvic girdles, muscles. It forms the main axis of our body and has roles in both posture and movement.

(ii) 1. Cervical , 2.Thoracic , 3. Lumbar 4. Sacrum, 5. Coccyx.

(iii)
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers 8

(iv) Vertebrae is a ring-like structure and its lower part is formed of a solid cylinder of bone called centrum. On back side of centrum is neural canal formed by union of two neural arches. Spinal cord runs through neural canal. Intervertebral disc forms a kind of cushion between two vertebrae. Neural spine is a ridge which projects upwards from the point where two neural arches meet. Transverse processes are thick projections from sidewards of neural arches. Neural arches bear articular facets which helps in joining two vertebrae.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers

Question 4.
(a) State the exact function of the following :
(i) Stratum corneum
(ii) Matrix of nail
(iii) Canines
(iv) Osculum
(v) Stigma
Answer:

  • Stratum comeum is a tough layer which protects from mechanical damage, bacterial infection and loss of water by evaporation.
  • Matrix of nail produces new cells and pushes out the older cells towards tip of nail thus causing growth of nail.
  • Canines are conical and sharply pointed teeth which hold and tear the food.
  • Osculum is a single, large opening on the top of sycon which is a Poriferan for exit of water.
  • Stigma is the tip part of carpel which receives the pollen grains during pollination and the germination of pollen grains takes place on stigma.

(b) Study the figure below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers 3
(i) What does the figure represent ?
(ii) How does nerve impulse travel from one nerve cell to other ?
(iii) What is the main function of this structure ?
(iv) Describe the pathway in which nerve impulse travels through this structure.
(v) What is the outer covering of axon known as ?
Answer:
(i) Neuron/nerve cell.
(ii) The axon terminals in their swollen tip secrete a chemical called acetylcholine which is a neurotransmitter. It induces an electrical impulse on the dendrites of adjacent neuron, thus electrical impulse travels from axonal terminals of one neuron to dendrites of next neuron through synapse.
(iii) Neuron conducts nerve impulses from central nervous system i.e., brain and spinal cord etc. to distant places in our body.
(iv) Dendrites → Cyton/cell body → Axon → Axonal terminals.
(v) Neurolemma. In some neurons, myelin sheath is present called myelinated neurons which acts as an insulating layer.

Question 5.
(a) Give two characteristic features of the following :
(i) Angiosperms
(ii) Pteridophytes
(iii) Amphibia
(iv) Cnidaria
(v) Nematoda
Answer:
(i) 1. They have highly developed plant body with roots, stem, leaves, flowers, fruits.
2. Seeds are enclosed within fruits.

(ii) 1. They are non-flowering plants with root, stem and leaves.
2. Leaves are made of leaflets bearing spores on the underside.

(iii) 1. Amphibians live partly on land and partly in water.
2. They have three chambered heart, cold-blooded, adults breathe by means of lungs while larvae by gills.

(iv) 1. They have tentacles to catch food.
2. They have hard skeleton made up of calcium carbonate.

(v) 1. They are mostly parasitic and are long, cylindrical, unsegmented with false body cavity.
2. Alimentary canal is open at both ends i.e., mouth and anus.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers

(b) The figure below shows a cell. Study the figure and answer the following :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers 4
(i) Identify the cell. Is it a prokaryotic or eukaryotic cell ?
(ii) Label the parts indicated in figure.
(iii) What are the locomotory organelles present in the cell ?
(iv) What is the part labelled 2 made up of ?
(v) How does this cell obtain its nourishment ?
Answer:
(i) It is a bacterial cell. It is a prokaryotic cell.
(ii) 1-Capsule, 2-Cell wall, 3-Cell membrane, 4-Cytoplasm, 5-Mesosome, 6-Pilli, 7-Bacterial chromosome, 8-Plasmid, 9-Glycogen granules, 10-Flagellum.
(iii) Flagellum is the locomotory organelle. Lashing movement of flagellum provides locomotion of bacteria in a liquid environment.
(iv) Cell wall of bacteria is made up of peptidoglycan.
(v) Bacteria shows heterotrophic mode of nutrition. It may be saprotrophic i.e., draws nourishment from decaying dead organisms or parasitic i.e., draws nourishment from body of living hosts.

Question 6.
(a) Write the disease caused due to the following deficiencies :
(i) Vitamin K
(ii) Vitamin D
(iii) Fluorine
(iv) Calcium
(v) Chlorine
Answer:
(i) Haemorrhage
(ii) Rickets in children, osteomalacia in adults
(iii) Dental decay
(iv) Rickets, poor skeletal growth
(v) Muscular cramps

(b) Study the figure below and answer the following questions :
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers 5
(i) Name the ducts which arises from structure labelled 1, 2 and 3.
(ii) Name the region to which gland labelled 1 and 2 pour their secretions.
(iii) How are the enzymatic reactions different in stomach and small intestine ?
(iv) Name the region in alimentary canal where :
1. Protein digestion starts
2. Carbohydrate digestion starts
Answer:
(i) Hepatic duct arises from part 1 i.e., liver.
Pancreatic duct arises from part 2 i.e., pancreas.
Cystic duct arises from part 3 i.e., gall bladder.

(ii) Duodenum region of small intestine

(iii) In stomach due to HC1 produced by gastric glands, the medium is acidic which activates the enzyme pepsin found in gastric juice. Pepsin acts upon proteins to form peptides. But in small intestine, bile which is secreted by liver, makes the medium alkaline so that enzymes secreted by pancreas and small intestine get activated and can act upon food substrates.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers

(iv) 1. Protein digestion starts first in stomach.
2. Carbohydrate digestion starts first in mouth.

Question 7.
(a) Name the phylum of the following :
(i) Mussel
(ii) Grasshopper
(iii) Beetle
(iv) Nereis
(v) Bath sponge
(vi) Skates
(vii) Duck-billed platypus
(viii) Heron
(ix) Sea urchin
(x) Hookworm
Answer:
(i) Mollusca
(ii) Arthropoda
(iii) Arthropoda
(iv) Annelida
(v) Porifera
(vi) Chordata
(vii) Chordata
(viii) Chordata
(ix) Echinodermata
(x) Nematoda

(b) Study the figure below and answer the following questions:
ICSE Class 9 Biology Sample Question Paper 8 with Answers 6
(i) What is the aim of the experiment ?
(ii) Name the liquid taken in the test tube.
(iii) What change will you notice when air is blown into the tube and why ?
(iv) What will be the control in this experiment ?
Answer:
(i) The aim of the experiment is to show that exhaled air contains more carbon dioxide.
(ii) Liquid is lime water.
(iii) When air is blown into the tube, lime water turns milky. Lime water is calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2] which when reacts with carbon dioxide gives calcium carbonate [ CaCO3] which is a white precipitate that turns lime water milky. Ca(OH)2 + CO2 → CaCO3 + H2O
(iv) The control will be a test tube with lime water keeping undisturbed.

ICSE Class 9 Biology Question Papers with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

Section-A [40 Marks]

Question 1.
Write a short composition in Hindi of approximately 250 words on any one of the following topics :
निम्नलिखित विषयों में से किसी एक विषय पर हिन्दी में लगभग 250 शब्दों में संक्षिप्त लेख लिखिए :
(i) ‘सदाचार के समक्ष धन-सम्पत्ति एवं ऐश्वर्य सब तुच्छ हैं।’ इस कथन पर अपने विचार व्यक्त कीजिए।
(ii) त्योहारों का व्यापारीकरण उनके वास्तविक महत्त्व को समाप्त कर देता है। स्पष्ट कीजिए।
(iii) परिवार बालक की प्रथम पाठशाला स्पष्ट कीजिए।
(iv) ‘बिन माँगे मोती मिले, माँगे मिले न भीख’—इस उक्ति पर आधारित एक मौलिक कहानी लिखिए।
(v) नीचे दिये गये चित्र को ध्यान से देखिए और चित्र के आधार बनाकर उसका परिचय देते हुए कोई लेख, घटना अथवा कहानी लिखिए, जिसका सीधा व स्पष्ट सम्बन्ध चित्र से होना चाहिए।
ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers
Answer:
(i) सदाचार सच्चरित्रता या सदाचार ही वस्तुतः

जीवन का सार है। संसार की बड़ी से बड़ी सम्पत्ति, महान् साम्राज्य, कोई भी लौकिक वस्तु चाहे वह कितनी ही मूल्यवान हो, चरित्र के सामने उसका कोई भी मूल्य नहीं। धन से श्रेष्ठ स्वास्थ्य है, स्वास्थ्य से भी श्रेष्ठ चरित्र है। अंग्रेजी में एक कहावत है-“धन गया तो कुछ नहीं गया, स्वास्थ्य गया तो कुछ गया और यदि चरित्र गया तो सब कुछ ही नष्ट हो गया।” सच्चरित्रता के सामने धन और स्वास्थ्य का कोई भी मूल्य नहीं है। चरित्रवान व्यक्ति हर स्थान पर समादरित होता है।

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

सदाचार अनेक गुणों का मिला-जुला रूप है। सत्य आचरण, श्रेष्ठ व्यवहार, अच्छा चाल-चलन, इन्द्रिय संयम, उदारता, पवित्रता, नम्रता, प्रेम और ईमानदारी इसके अन्तर्गत आते हैं, जिसका अर्थ है-श्रेष्ठ आचरण। मन, वचन और कर्म से सदाचार का पालन करने वाला व्यक्ति महात्मा होता है और हर स्थान पर पूज्य होता है। विद्वान् की विद्वत्ता, शक्तिशाली की शक्ति, धनी का धन चरित्र से ही शोभित होते हैं। बिना सच्चरित्रता के बल, विद्या और धन का कोई मूल्य नहीं। दुराचारी ब्राह्मण से सदाचारी शूद्र अच्छा होता है। सदाचारी व्यक्ति को इसके लिए कड़ी साधना करनी पड़ती है। विनय ही मनुष्यों का आभूषण है। विनयशील मनुष्य सभी का प्रिय होता है और विनय सदाचार से ही उत्पन्न होती है।

सदाचार से विनय के अलावा अन्य गुण जैसे—धैर्य, शिष्टाचार, संयम, आत्मविश्वास तथा निर्भीकता का विकास होता है। हमारे देश की प्रतिष्ठा सदाचार के कारण ही है। भारत में अनेक सदाचारी पुरुषों ने जन्म लिया है जैसे—पुरुषोत्तम राम, आद्य शंकराचार्य, महाराणा प्रताप, शिवाजी, स्वामी विवेकानन्द आदि। इन विभूतियों ने अपने चरित्र से इतिहास के पृष्ठों को उज्ज्वल किया है। इसी प्रकार चैतन्य महाप्रभु, रामकृष्ण परमहंस, स्वामी दयानन्द अपनी सच्चरित्रता के बल पर ही समाज का उद्धार कर सके। जो भी पुरुष महान् हुए हैं वे संयम और सदाचार से ही उन्नति को प्राप्त हुए हैं। सदाचार ही महिमा शास्त्रों में भी वर्णित है जैसे—

आचाराल्लभते ह्यायु राचाराल्लभते श्रियम्।
आचाराल्लभते कीर्तिम् आचारः परमं धनम्॥

अर्थात् सदाचार से आयु बढ़ती है, सदाचार से लक्ष्मी बढ़ती है, सदाचार से कीर्ति बढ़ती है और सदाचार ही सबसे बड़ा धन है। इसलिए सदाचार की सदा रक्षा करनी चाहिए। सदाचार के बिना मनुष्य के पास कुछ नहीं बचता। सदाचार से ही सम्मान प्राप्त होता है। सदाचारी संन्यासी सदाचारी मनुष्य और सदाचारी विद्यार्थी हर स्थान पर आदरणीय होता है। सदाचार से ही अधार्मिकता मिटती है। देश में जो आज संकट की स्थिति बनी हुई है वह सदाचार के अभाव में ही है। लोग सदाचार का पाठ भूल गए हैं।

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

भारतवासी दिव्य आर्यों की सन्तान हैं। उनका लक्ष्य देश, धर्म और समाज को उन्नत करना था। बड़े-बड़े ऋषियों ने समाज को सद्गुणों से अवगत कराया और मनुष्यों के चरित्र को ऊपर उठाया। आज सभी की यह अभिलाषा है कि हमारा देश उन्नति के पथ पर अग्रसर होता रहे। यह तभी सम्भव है जब सभी भारतवासी सच्चरित्र बनें, सहृदयता लाएँ, समानभाव से एक दूसरे से मिलें और धार्मिक सद्भाव रखें। हम ऐसे कार्य करें कि देश को हम पर गर्व हो।

अतः यह कहना उचित है कि सदाचार के समक्ष धन-सम्पत्ति एवं ऐश्वर्य सब तुच्छ हैं।

(ii) त्योहारों का व्यापारीकरण उनके वास्तविक महत्त्व को समाप्त कर देता है।

त्योहार वह अवसर है जब हम उसे मनाकर हार्दिक प्रसन्नता का प्रदर्शन करते हैं। सभी लोग एक-दूसरे से मिलकर उल्लसित होते हैं। त्योहार नीरस जीवन को भी सरस बनाते हैं और समाज में शान्ति और खुशी लाते हैं। समाज में मेल-जोल और प्रेम बढ़ता है। सभी धर्मों के लोग अपने-अपने रंगीन त्योहार बड़ी खुशी से मनाते हैं। भारत विभिन्न धर्मों, विभिन्न भाषाओं और मिली-जुली संस्कृति का देश है इसलिए भारतीय पूरे वर्ष में अनेक त्योहार मिल-जुलकर कर मनाते हैं, लेकिन आजकल देखा जाता है कि त्योहारों के व्यापारीकरण ने उनके वास्तविक महत्त्व को कम कर दिया है।

अब उन्हें किसी व्यापार के उच्चीकरण का साधन बना लिया गया है। भारतीय त्योहार अपने-अपने मतों के अनुसार भिन्नता रखते हैं। सभी धर्म के लोग अपना-अपना त्योहार मनाते हैं, लेकिन उनका आधुनिक रूप पहले के रूप से भिन्नता रखता है।

राष्ट्रीय त्योहार जैसे स्वतन्त्रता दिवस, गणतन्त्र दिवस और गांधी जयन्ती देश-भक्ति की भावना से मनाए जाने चाहिए। इन त्योहारों पर पूरे राष्ट्र में छुट्टी घोषित रहती है और सभी प्रदेशों की राजधानियों में बड़ी धूम-धाम और सज-धज के साथ मनाए जाते हैं, लेकिन कभीकभी देखने में आता है कि इन त्योहारों के संयोजक अपने निहित स्वार्थों के कारण आपस में लड़ने लगते हैं।

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

भारत की राजधानी दिल्ली में सभी राष्ट्रीय त्योहार मुख्य रूप से बड़ी धूमधाम से मनाए जाते हैं। गणतन्त्र दिवस पर जो सेना के तीनों अंगों की परेड, प्रदेशों की झाँकियाँ और नई-नई मशीनों का प्रदर्शन हमें भारत के प्रति गौरवान्वित करता है, लेकिन अक्सर देखा जाता है कि पारितोषिक उसी को मिलते हैं जिसकी सरकार में पहुँच है। व्यापारिक कम्पनियाँ अपने माल का प्रदर्शन करती हैं।

विज्ञापन का बोलबाला शत-प्रतिशत बना रहता है। योग्यता के आधार पर पारितोषिक या पदक दिये जाने चाहिए। अतः हम अनुभव करते हैं कि राष्ट्रीय त्योहारों में भी व्यापारीकरण हावी होता जा रहा है। अब आते हैं धार्मिक त्योहार । इन त्योहारों का धार्मिक महत्त्व समाप्त होकर व्यापारीकरण के अन्दर ‘पियो, प्रसन्न रहो और जिओ’ का सिद्धान्त अपना लिया है। दीपावली का त्योहार पूरे देश में मनाया जाता है।

रात को लक्ष्मी की पूजा की जाती है। बाजार और घर रोशनी से सजाया जाता है। धार्मिक महत्त्व को भूलकर लोग पटाखों, शराब और जुआ खेलने में मस्त रहते हैं। पूरे भारत में अरबों के पटाखे जला दिये जाते हैं जो वातावरण को प्रदूषित करते हैं। त्योहारों पर व्यापारियों की खूब चाँदी होती है। सभी लोग त्योहारों पर अधिक खर्च करते हैं, नये कपड़े बनवाते हैं, घरों को रोशनी से सजाते हैं आदि आदि।

अधिक रोशनी करने से बिजली की खपत अधिक होती है। संगीत के कार्यक्रम आयोजित किये जाते हैं। इससे लोग देर रात तक जागते हैं। पटाखों के चलने से ध्वनि प्रदूषण और वायु प्रदूषण बढ़ता है, लेकिन पटाखों के व्यापारियों को आर्थिक लाभ होता है। दीपावली पर अधिक खर्च करने के बजाय गरीबों की मदद करनी चाहिए।

इसी प्रकार होली भी रंगों का त्योहार हो गया है। रंगों की बिक्री होली के अवसर पर अधिक होती है। इस त्योहार में भी शराब पीकर दंगा करने की बुराई घुस गई है। ईद पर भी कम खुशी नहीं होती। यह त्योहार मुसलमान भाई बड़ी खुशी से और धूम-धाम से मनाते हैं। नये कपड़े बनते हैं, मीठी सिवइयाँ बनती हैं। यानी इस त्योहार पर भी खर्चा बहुत होता है। ऐसा लगता है कि सभी त्योहारों का व्यापारीकरण कर दिया गया।

त्योहारों पर दिखावा अधिक होने के कारण वे लोग भी अधिक खर्च करते हैं जो खर्च करने लायक नहीं हैं। इससे कर्जदार हो जाते हैं और उन्हें अपने खर्चे के बजट में कमी करनी पड़ती है। राखी के त्योहार पर भी बहनें भाइयों के राखी बाँधती हैं। एक साधारण राखी इस त्योहार का प्रतीक थी, लेकिन आजकल बहुत महँगी-महँगी राखियाँ बाजार में महीनों पहले से ही सजाकर रख दी जाती हैं। दिखावे के लिहाज से महँगी राखी खरीदी जाती है।

जैसा कि हम जानते हैं कि त्योहार भारतीय संस्कृति से अटूट सम्बन्ध रखते हैं। ये हमारी दैनिक जिन्दगी में थोड़ा-सा बदलाव लाते हैं। इन त्योहारों के कारण ही हम एक-दूसरे से प्रेम से मिलते हैं। इनसे धार्मिक सद्भाव बढ़ता है और राष्ट्रीय एकता को बल मिलता है। इन त्योहारों के धार्मिक महत्त्व को समझकर हम अपने जीवन में पवित्रता लाएँ, आपसी प्रेम-भाव बढ़ाएँ और दिखावे या व्यापारीकरण की ओर न बढ़ें।

इन त्योहारों से भाईचारा बढ़े और हम ऐसा प्रयास करें कि धार्मिक-सद्भाव बढ़ता चला जाय। हमें चाहिए कि हम लोगों को त्योहारों का वास्तविक महत्त्व समझाएँ। एक-दूसरे में प्रेम बढ़े और पारस्परिक मन-मुटाव कम हो। यह तभी होगा जब हम त्योहारों के वास्तविक महत्त्व को समझेंगे।

(iii) परिवार बालक की प्रथम पाठशाला

इस सम्पूर्ण विश्व में जितनी भी सजीव वस्तुएँ हैं, उन सबका कभी न कभी जन्म हुआ होगा। मनुष्य भगवान के घर से सभी कार्यों में पारंगत होकर नहीं आता, बल्कि वह एक ऐसे अबोध बालक के रूप में जन्म लेता है, जो दुनिया की जद्दोजहद से दूर अपने भोलेपन के विशाल सागर में डूबा रहता है। उसे दुनिया से कोई मतलब नहीं होता, परन्तु दुनिया को उससे मतलब होता है। एक नन्हा-सा बालक हमारे इस समाज की कुरीतियों से परे होता है, परन्तु, जैसे-जैसे वह बड़ा होता जाता है, उसे उसके माता-पिता समाज के अनुरूप ढालने के लिए शिक्षा देते हैं।
एक परिवार में जब किसी शिशु का जन्म होता है, तो हर्षोल्लास का वातावरण बन जाता है।

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

यह अपार हर्ष अनेक कारणों से होता है। जैसे कि लोगों को लगता है कि उनके बीच एक नया साथी आया है, उनके परिवार में एक नया सदस्य आया है। विवाह उपरान्त एक स्त्री का स्वप्न या दूसरे शब्दों में उसकी कामना केवल माँ बनने की होती है और माँ बनने के साथ-साथ वह एक सम्पूर्ण नारी बन जाती है। अपने बच्चे को देखकर उसकी ममता बढ़-चढ़कर सामने आती है। उसमें मातृत्व का एक अनोखा संचार हो जाता है। एक निर्दयी से निर्दयी औरत भी माँ बनने के बाद एक दयालु और भावुक स्त्री के रूप में परिवर्तित हो जाती है।

माँ बनने के बाद वह अपना सारा ध्यान व समय अपने अबोध शिशु पर लगा देती है। उसकी हर संकट से रक्षा करती है और उस दिन का बेसब्री से इन्तजार करने लगती है जिस दिन वह नन्हा प्राणी उसे माँ कहे। धीरे-धीरे यह दिन भी आ जाता है कि बच्चा यह सम्बोधन करता है। अब उसके परिवारीजन उसे आगे बोलना सिखाते हैं। यहीं से उसका शैक्षिक जीवन आरम्भ होता है। उसे अपने सभी रिश्तेदारों का सम्बोधन कराया जाता है।

ढाई-तीन साल का होते-होते वह अबोध बालक सबको पहचानने लगता है और उसकी किलकारियों से घर आँगन झूम उठता है। धीरे-धीरे बच्चा शरारती होने लगता है। शुरू में तो छोटी-मोटी शरारतें सबको अच्छी लगती हैं, लेकिन जब उसकी शरारतें बढ़ती जाती हैं, तब उसके माता-पिता उसके गुरु बनकर उसे समझाने लगते हैं। उसमें नवीन आदर्शों का समावेश कराते हैं और समाज में उठना-बैठना सिखाते हैं, उसे अच्छे और बुरे का अन्तर समझाया जाता है।

उसे गलत काम करने पर रोका जाता है, परन्तु सही काम करने को प्रोत्साहित किया जाता है। अगर बच्चा यह सब बातें गृहण कर लेता है तो हम कहते हैं कि माता-पिता ने अपने बच्चों की मजबूत नींव डाली बच्चे तो गीली मिट्टी की तरह होते हैं और उनके माता-पिता कुम्हार। जैसे कुम्हार मिट्टी को ढालेगा वैसा ही बर्तन बनेगा। अगर कुम्हार बर्तन को ठीक से नहीं बनाएगा तो बर्तन खराब हो जाएगा।

ठीक इसी प्रकार से अनेक माता-पिता अपने बच्चे का सही तरीके से पालन-पोषण नहीं करते, उनका ध्यान नहीं रखते जिससे वह बिगड़ जाता है। बहुत से परिवारों में यह भी पाया जाता है कि बच्चे को अपने माता-पिता द्वारा डाँटा जाना दादा-दादी को अच्छा नहीं लगता है और वह अपने लाड़-प्यार से उसे बिगाड़ देते हैं। यद्यपि प्यार और स्नेह के जल से ही बालक रूपी पौधे को सींचना चाहिए, लेकिन हर चीज की अति बुरी होती है।

चार वर्ष की आयु का होते-होते बालक को हिन्दी व अंग्रेजी के वर्ण सिखाये जाते हैं। उसको गिनतियाँ भी सिखाई जाती हैं, परन्तु यह सब तो माता-पिता तभी सिखा सकते हैं, जब वह स्वयं शिक्षित हों। बच्चों में अच्छे संस्कार डालने के लिए परिवारीजनों का स्वयं सांस्कारिक होना अनिवार्य है, परन्तु चूँकि हमारे देश में अत्यधिक गरीबी और निरक्षरता है इसलिए चाहते हुए भी वह अपने बच्चों को कुछ अच्छा नहीं सिखा पाते हैं, क्योंकि उनका पूरा समय अपनी आजीविका कमाने में निकल जाता है। वह हमारे देश के भावी कर्णधारों का गुरु बनने के सौभाग्य से वंचित रह जाते हैं और न ही बालक की प्रथम पाठशाला उसका परिवार बनता है।

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

निरक्षर लोग बच्चों को पाठशाला भेजने का सपना तो देखते हैं, परन्तु यह नहीं समझ पाते कि पाठशाला भेजने से पहले भी बालक को कुछ पढ़ाया जाता है, उसे कुछ सिखाया जाता है। बच्चों को सिखाने की सम्पूर्ण जिम्मेदारी गुरुजनों की नहीं होती, वह तो सिर्फ किताबी ज्ञान देते हैं, परन्तु अच्छे संस्कारों का श्रेष्ठ ज्ञान देने वाले उसके माता-पिता ही होते हैं, उसके परिवारीजन ही होते हैं, जो पाठशाला जाने से पहले ही उसमें अधिकांश गुणों का समावेश कर देते हैं, इसलिए हम कह सकते हैं कि परिवार ही बालक की प्रथम पाठशाला होती है।

(iv) बिन माँगे मोती मिले माँग मिले न भीख।

यह कहावत सत्य है कि “बिन माँगे मोती मिले, माँगे मिले न भीख”। माँगने से सम्मान और प्रेम समाप्त हो जाता है। निम्नलिखित दोहे में बखूबी इस सिद्धान्त को प्रतिपादित किया गया है:

“आव गई आदर गया नैननि गया सनेह।
ये तीनों तब ही गए जबहिं कहा कछु देइ॥”

अत: माँगने से तो जहाँ तक हो बचना ही चाहिए और अपने पुरुषार्थ पर भरोसा कर कर्म करना चाहिए। हमारे देश में भिक्षावृत्ति बहुत बढ़ गई है। अपाहिज को तो छोड़ दीजिए, हट्टे-कट्टे लोग भीख माँग कर अपना आलसी जीवन बिताते हैं। ऐसे लोगों को भीख देने से हम भिक्षावृत्ति को प्रोत्साहित करते हैं। सरकार द्वारा भिखारी वर्ग के लिए कोई ऐसी योजना चलानी चाहिए जिससे कि उन्हें कुछ रोजगार मिले और भिक्षावृत्ति छूट जाय।

इसी कहावत पर मुझे ध्यान आ रहा है मेरे गाँव के मक्खन सिंह का। वह निहायत ही गरीब था। परिवार में उसकी पत्नी और दो छोटे-छोटे बच्चे थे। कहने को तो उसके पास एक खेत था, लेकिन काम न करने के कारण वह बंजर पड़ा था। वह रोज किसी न किसी से पैसे उधार ले लेता और अपना खर्च चलाता।

वह उधार के नाम पर माँगता, लेकिन गाँव के लोग उसे खैरात समझ कर दे देते। कुछ दिन बाद लोगों ने उसे देना बन्द कर दिया। गाँव के लोग कुछ न कुछ बहाना बनाकर उससे पीछा छुड़ा लेते। भाग्य की बात एक दिन एक साहूकार को रात हो गई और वह मक्खन सिंह के घर पर रुक गया। मक्खन सिंह गरीब तो था, लेकिन उसकी दयानतदारी में कमी न थी।

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

उसकी पत्नी ने पड़ोस से खाने का सामान उधार लेकर उस साहूकार के लिए भोजन बनाया और एक कमरे में उसके सोने का प्रबन्ध कर दिया। सुबह होते ही वह सेठ जाने को तैयार हुआ। वह मक्खन सिंह की आवभगत से प्रसन्न हुआ और उसकी ईमानदारी के लिए उसे पाँच सोने की मुहरें दे गया।

मुहरें प्राप्त कर मक्खन सिंह का परिवार बहुत खुश हुआ। उसने उन्हें बेचकर अपने घर पर ही एक छोटी-सी दुकान खोल ली। वह दुकान चल निकली और मक्खन सिंह के वारे-न्यारे होने लगे। अब उसने अपने खेत को भी कराना शुरू कर दिया। अब उसके दिन खुशहाली में बीतने लगे।

लोगों को उसके दिन फिरने पर आश्चर्य हुआ। बात ही बात में लोगों ने उसका रहस्य जान लिया कि उस साहूकार से उसे कुछ धन प्राप्त हुआ था जिसे उसने कारोबार करने में लगा दिया। ईश्वर की कृपा हुई और मक्खन सिंह के भाग्य ने पलटा खाया कि उसे बिन माँगे मोती मिल गए।

(v) चित्र अध्ययन

हमारे देश में ही नहीं अपितु पूरे विश्व में भी वनों का विशेष महत्व है। वृक्षारोपण की आवश्यकता हमारे देश में आदिकाल से ही रही है और आज भी इसकी आवश्यकता ज्यों-की-त्यों बनी हुई है। आज भी वस्तु-स्थिति उससे बहुत अधिक भिन्न नहीं है। स्थितियों में समय के अनुसार कुछ परिवर्तन तो अवश्य माना जा सकती है। आज भी वस्तु-स्थिति उससे बहुत अधिक भिन्न नहीं है। स्थितियों में समय के अनुसार कुछ परिवर्तन तो अवश्य माना जा सकता है, पर जो वस्तु जहाँ की है, वह वास्तविक शोभा और जीवन-शक्ति वहीं से प्राप्त कर सकती है।

इस कारण वन-संरक्षण की आवश्यकता आज भी पहले के तरह ही ज्यों-की त्यों बनी हुई है। आज जिस प्रकार की नवीन परिस्थितियाँ बन गई हैं, जिस तेजी से नए-नए कल-कारखानों उद्योग-धन्धों की स्थापना हो रही है। नए-नए रसायन, गैसें, अणु, उद्जन, कोर्बोल्ट आदि बमों का निर्माण और निरन्तर परीक्षण जारी है, जैविक शस्त्रास्त्र बनाए जा रहे हैं।

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

इन सभी के धुएँ, गैसों और कचरे आदि के निरन्तर निस्सरण से मानव तो क्या सभी तरह के जीव-जन्तुओं का पर्यावरण अत्यधिक प्रदूषित हो गया है। केवल वन ही हैं, जो इस सारे विषैले और मारक प्रभाव से प्राणी जगत् की रक्षा कर सकते हैं। उन्हीं के रहते समय पर उचित मात्रा में वर्षा होकर धरती की हरियाली बनी रह सकती है। हमारी सिंचाई और पेय जल की समस्या का समाधान भी वन-संरक्षण से ही सम्भव हो सकता है।

वन हैं तो नदियाँ भी अपने भीतर जल की अमृत धारा सँजो कर प्रवाहित कर रही है। जिस दिन वन नहीं रह जाएँगे, सारी धरती वीरान, बंजर और रेगिस्तान बन जाएगी। यदि आज की तरह ही निहित स्वार्थों की पूर्ति, अपनी शानो-शौकत दिखाने के लिए वनों का कटाव होता रहा, तो धीरे-धीरे अन्य सभी का भी सुनिश्चित अन्त हो जाएगा। वृक्षारोपण की आवश्यकता इसीलिए होती है कि वृक्ष सुरक्षित रहें।

वनों के अभाव में प्रकृति का संतुलन बिगड़ जायेगा। प्रकृति का संतुलन जब बिगड़ जायेगा तब सम्पूर्ण वातावरण इतना दूषित और अशुद्ध हो जायेगा कि हम न ठीक से साँस ले सकेंगे और न ठीक से अन्न-जल ही ग्रहण कर पाएंगे। इस प्रकार से वृक्षारोपण की आवश्यकता हमें सम्पूर्ण रूप से प्रभावित करती हुई हमारे जीवन के लिए अत्यन्त उपयोगी सिद्ध होती है। वृक्षारोपण की आवश्यकता की पूर्ति होने से हमारे जीवन और प्रकृति का परस्पर संतुलन क्रम बना रहता है।

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

Question 2.
Write a letter in Hindi in approximately 120 words on any one of the topics given below:
निम्नलिखित में से किसी एक विषय पर हिन्दी में लगभग 120 शब्दों में पत्र लिखिए :
(i) अपने शहर की सड़कों की दुरावस्था की शिकायत करते हुए समाचार-पत्र के सम्पादक को एक पत्र लिखिए।
Answer:
सेवा में,
श्रीमान् सम्पादक महोदय,
दैनिक जागरण,
आगरा
विषय : शहर की सड़कों की दुरावस्था हेतु शिकायत-पत्र
मान्यवर,
आपके दैनिक समाचार-पत्र के माध्यम से सार्वजनिक निर्माण विभाग के अधिकारियों का ध्यान अपने शहर की सड़कों की दुरावस्था की ओर आकर्षित करना चाहता हूँ। आशा है कि आप इस पत्र को प्रकाशित कर अनुगृहीत करेंगे। आगरा एक ऐतिहासिक नगर है। बाहर इसे ‘ताज की नगरी’ कहते हैं। नाम से लगता है कि यह बड़ी सुन्दर नगरी है और व्यवस्थित, चौड़े और सुन्दर राजमार्ग हैं पर स्थिति इसके विपरीत ही है।

सड़कें छोटी और अव्यवस्थित हैं। जगह-जगह गड्ढे हो रहे हैं फलस्वरूप आए दिन दुर्घटनाएं होती रहती हैं। सड़क एक बार बनकर अगले दस वर्ष तक मरम्मत की राह देखती रहती है। सड़कों का रख-रखाव नहीं होता है। स्थान-स्थान पर नल निकालने के लिये सड़कें खोद दी गई हैं उनकी पुनः मरम्मत नहीं हुई है। अन्य सड़कों की तो बात छोड़िए सिविल लाइन्स और माल रोड तक की सड़कें गड्ढों से भरी हुई हैं। सड़कों पर रोशनी की व्यवस्था नहीं है।

आशा है कि सम्बन्धित अधिकारी यथा स्थान सड़कों की मरम्मत करायेंगे और उन पर बिजली की रोशनी की व्यवस्था करेंगे ताकि आए दिन की दुर्घटनाओं से बचा जा सके।
भवदीय
नवल शाह
48, कमला नगर, आगरा।
दिनांक : 15.3.20xx

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(ii) मित्र को पत्र लिखकर उसे वाद-विवाद प्रतियोगिता में प्रथम आने के लिए बधाई दीजिए।
Answer:
6, महात्मा गाँधी मार्ग,
आगरा।
दिनांक-20-3-20XX
प्रिय मित्र रोहित,
कल तुम्हारा प्यार-भरा पत्र प्राप्त हुआ। मुझे यह जानकर हार्दिक प्रसन्नता हुई कि तुम अपने विद्यालय में मनाए गए सांस्कृतिक सप्ताह में हिन्दी वाद-विवाद प्रतियोगिता में प्रथम आए हो। मित्र तुम इसके लिए बधाई के पात्र हो क्योंकि वाद-विवाद प्रतियोगिता का विषय ‘हिन्दी राष्ट्रभाषा के रूप में देश के लिए हितकर है’ एक गम्भीर विषय है। तुम्हारा विपक्ष में बोलना और भी मुश्किल विषय है। विपक्ष में बोलते हुए प्रथम आना वास्तव में प्रशंसनीय है।
हमें इस प्रकार की प्रतियोगिताओं में भाग लेते रहना चाहिए। इससे ज्ञानार्जन तो होता ही है साथ-साथ भाषण देने की कला भी आती है। मैं भी इस तरह की प्रतियोगिताओं में भाग लिया करूँगा। शेष कुशल है। तुम्हारे माता-पिता को मेरा चरण स्पर्श व छोटे भाई को प्यार।
तुम्हारा मित्र,
गौरव सिंह
कक्षा 10

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

Question 3.
Read the passage given below and answer in Hindi the questions that follow using your own language as far as possible :
निम्नलिखित गद्यांश को ध्यानपूर्वक पढ़िये और उसके नीचे लिखे प्रश्नों के उत्तर हिन्दी में लिखिए। उत्तर यथासम्भव आपकी भाषा में होने चाहिए।
विदिशा नामक राज्य में एक सुरम्य वन था। उस वन का प्राकृतिक वैभव तथा असाधारण सौन्दर्य देखने के योग्य था। उसकी प्राकृतिक छटा को देखकर ऐसा लगता था मानो प्रकृति ने उस वन को अपूर्व सौन्दर्य, असीम सुख और अनुपम शान्ति का वरदान दिया हुआ हो।

उस वन में एक दयालु एवं परोपकारी सन्त का आश्रम था। आश्रम में एक बहुत बड़ा सरोवर था। वन के हिंसक और अहिंसक सभी पशु-पक्षी उस आश्रम में विश्राम करते थे। जंगल के हिंसक जीव-जन्तु भी सन्त की संगति में अहिंसक की तरह आचरण करते थे तथा पारस्परिक शत्रुता को भूलकर उस सरोवर में एक साथ एक ही घाट पर पानी पीते थे। राजा के आदेश से वहाँ शिकार करने पर कठोर प्रतिबन्ध था।

एक दिन राजा का एकमात्र पुत्र युवराज शिकार की तलाश में आश्रम में आ पहुँचा। वहाँ उसने एक मृग शावक पर अपना निशाना साधा। यह दृश्य देखकर सन्त बोला—’ठहरो युवराज ! यह निर्दोष, मूक मृग शावक इस आश्रम का निवासी है। यह निर्भीक होकर यहाँ विचरण करता है। आपके पिताजी की ओर से यहाँ शिकार करने पर प्रतिबन्ध है। आप उनके आदेश का उल्लंघन मत कीजिए।’
युवराज को सन्त की सलाह बुरी लगी। उसने क्रोध में आकर कहा—’मुझे आखेट करने से रोकने वाले तुम कौन हो ?’

सन्त ने विनम्र भाव से उत्तर दिया ‘यह राज्य आपका है। आप इसके स्वामी हैं। मैं तो आपको आपके पिता के आदेश का स्मरण करा रहा हूँ’, किन्तु सन्त की बात को अनसुना कर युवराज मृग शावक पर निशाना साधने लगा। इस पर सन्त युवराज के बाण के सामने खड़े होकर कहने लगे—’नहीं, युवराज ! मुझे मारने के बाद ही मृग शावक को अपना निशाना बना सकते हो।’ सन्त की बातों ने आग में घी का काम किया। युवराज क्रोध में आग बबूला हो उठा और उसने सन्त को अपने बाण का निशाना बना डाला।

सन्त की मृत्यु से सारा राज्य शोक-सागर में डूब गया। राजा ने युवराज को बन्दी बनाकर सामने लाने को कहा। बन्दी युवराज से राजा ने पूछा—’तुमने सन्त की हत्या की ?’ ‘वह उद्दण्ड था, मेरे शिकार में बाधा डाल रहा था।’ युवराज ने उत्तर दिया। राजा ने कठोर स्वर में पूछा-‘तुमने सन्त की हत्या की या नहीं ?’ युवराज ने उत्तर दिया—’हाँ, मैंने ही उसकी हत्या की।’

युवराज का उत्तर सुनते ही महाराज का हाथ तलवार पर गया। यह देखकर दरबारी हाथ जोड़कर बोले-‘राजन् ! युवराज प्रजा की आँखों का तारा है। सिंहासन का एकमात्र अधिकारी है इसलिए इन्हें क्षमा कर दें।’ राजा ने कहा—’जो व्यक्ति एक त्यागी सन्त महात्मा का हत्यारा हो सकता है, वह सिंहासन का उत्तराधिकारी कदापि नहीं हो सकता। कौन कहता है, यह मेरा एकमात्र उत्तराधिकारी है ? राज्य का हर सपूत—जिससे राज्य का सिर ऊँचा होता है, सिंहासन का उत्तराधिकारी होता है। न्याय सबके लिए समान है। मेरे न्याय में पुत्र-मोह आड़े नहीं आ सकता। युवराज ने हमारे कुल पर धब्बा लगाया है। वह हत्यारा है और हत्यारे की सजा मौत होती है।’ और देखते ही देखते राजा की तलवार से युवराज का सिर धड़ से अलग हो गया।
(i) सन्त का आश्रम कहाँ था ? उस आश्रम की क्या विशेषताएँ थीं?
(ii) युवराज का सन्त के आश्रम में आने का क्या प्रयोजन था ? आश्रम में आकर उसने क्या किया ? सन्त ने उसे क्या कहा?
(iii) युवराज ने सन्त को क्यों मार डाला? युवराज का यह करना उचित था अथवा अनुचित, क्यों?
(iv) सन्त की मृत्यु से राज्य पर क्या प्रभाव हुआ ? राजा ने युवराज को बन्दी बना कर क्या प्रश्न किए ? युवराज ने प्रश्नों के क्या उत्तर दिए ?
(v) युवराज के उत्तर को सुनकर राजा क्या करना चाहता था ? दरबारियों ने राजा से क्या निवेदन किया ? राजा ने दरबारियों से क्या कहा तथा अन्त में क्या न्याय किया ?
Answer:
(i) विदिशा नामक राज्य में एक सुरम्य वन था। उस वन में एक दयालु एवं परोपकारी सन्त का आश्रम था। उस आश्रम में एक बहुत बड़ा सरोवर था। वन के हिंसक और अहिंसक सभी पशु-पक्षी उस आश्रम में विश्राम करते थे। उस आश्रम की प्राकृतिक छटा अत्यन्त सुन्दर थी।

(ii) विदिशा राज्य का राजकुमार शिकार खेलने के लिए आश्रम में आया था। उसने एक मृग शावक पर निशाना साधा। सन्त ने उससे कहा, ‘ठहरो युवराज यह निर्दोष मृग शावक इस आश्रम का निवासी है। आपके पिताजी की ओर से यहाँ शिकार करने पर प्रतिबन्ध है। आप उनके आदेश का उल्लंघन मत कीजिए।’

(iii) जब युवराज मृग शावक को तीर मारने वाला था तो सन्त उसके तीर के सामने आकर खड़ा हो गया और युवराज से कहा कि तुम्हें मृग शावक को मारने से पहले मुझे मारना पड़ेगा। युवराज को क्रोध आ गया और उसने वह तीर सन्त को मार दिया। निर्दोष सन्त की हत्या करना अनुचित था। सन्त के आश्रम में राजा की आज्ञा से पशु-पक्षियों का शिकार करना वर्जित था। सन्त का यह कर्त्तव्य था कि वह किसी शिकारी को पशु-पक्षियों को मारने न दे, लेकिन युवराज के द्वारा सन्त का मारा जाना अनुचित और निन्दनीय था।

(iv) सन्त की मृत्यु से सारा राज्य शोक से भर गया। राजा ने युवराज को बन्दी बना लिया और उससे पूछा- क्या तुमने सन्त की हत्या की?’ युवराज ने उत्तर दिया-‘वह उद्दण्ड था, मेरे शिकार में बाधा डाल रहा था। राजा ने क्रोध में आकर फिर पूछा, ‘तुमने सन्त की हत्या की या नहीं ?’ तब युवराज ने उत्तर दिया, ‘हाँ, मैंने ही उसकी हत्या की।’

(v) युवराज का उत्तर सुनकर युवराज को दण्ड देने के लिए राजा का हाथ तलवार पर आ गया। यह देखकर दरबारी हाथ जोड़कर बोले कि युवराज प्रजा की आँखों का तारा है और सिंहासन का एकमात्र अधिकारी है। इन सब बातों को देखते हुए उसे क्षमा कर दें, लेकिन राजा को तो न्याय करना था। उसने तलवार लेकर युवराज का सिर धड़ से अलग कर दिया। राजा न्यायप्रिय था उसका पुत्र-मोह उसके न्याय के मार्ग में नहीं आया।

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

Question 4.
Answer the following according to the instructions given :
निम्नलिखित प्रश्नों के उत्तर निर्देशानुसार लिखिए
(i) निम्नलिखित शब्दों से विशेषण बनाइए
राष्ट्र, नवीनता।
Answer:
राष्ट्र – राष्ट्रीय
नवीनता – नवीन

(ii) निम्नलिखित शब्दों से भाववाचक संज्ञा बनाइए
कहना, जीतना।
Answer:
कहना – कहावत
जीतना – जीत ।

(iii) निम्नलिखित शब्दों के विलोम शब्द लिखिए
निर्माण, उपलब्ध।
Answer:
निर्माण – ध्वस्त
उपलब्ध – अनुपलब्ध

(iv) निम्नलिखित अंशों में से किसी एक को अपने वाक्य में प्रयोग कीजिए
(क) आँचल में समेटे हैं,
(ख) हँसी-खुशी।
Answer:
(क) भारत का प्राचीन इतिहास विभिन्न संस्कृतियों को अपने आँचल में समेटे हुए है।
(ख) सब लोग हँसी-खुशी अपने-अपने घर चले गए।

(v) निम्नलिखित में से किसी एक शब्द के दो पर्यायवाची शब्द लिखिए–
बाग, भ्रम।
Answer:
बाग – बगीचा, उपवन
भ्रम – शक, संदेह

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(vi) कोष्ठक में दिए गए निर्देशानुसार वाक्यों में परिवर्तन कीजिए
(a) पहाड़ के गाँव कभी अपनी लोक-कलाओं के लिये जाने जाते थे। (‘अपनी’ से प्रारम्भ करें)
(b) परिवर्तन की इस लहर ने भवन-निर्माण शैली को भी प्रभावित किया है।
(भवन-निर्माण शैली भी “से प्रारम्भ करें)
(c) कुछ घरों में पशुओं के लिये नीचे व्यवस्था की जाती है। (पशुओं की से प्रारम्भ करें)
Answer:
(a) अपनी लोक-कलाओं के लिए कभी पहाड़ के गाँव में जाने जाते थे।
(b) भवन-निर्माण शैली भी इस परिवर्तन की लहर से प्रभावित हुई है।
(c) पशुओं के लिए कुछ घरों में नीचे व्यवस्था की जाती है। पशुओं की व्यवस्था घर के नीचे की जाती है।

Section-B
साहित्य सागर (संक्षिप्ति कहानियाँ)

Question 5.
Read the extract given below and answer in Hindi the questions that follow :
निम्नलिखित गद्यांश को पढ़िए और उसके नीचे लिखे प्रश्नों के उत्तर हिन्दी में लिखिए:
बालक कुछ ठहरा। मैं असमंजस में रहा। तब वह प्रेत गति से एक ओर बढ़ा और कुहरे में मिल गया। हम भी होटल की ओर बढ़े। हवा तीखी थी—हमारे कोटों को पार कर बदन में तीर-सी लगती थी।
— ‘अपना अपना भाग्य’ —
लेखक-जैनेन्द्र कुमार
(i) यहाँ किस लड़के के बारे में लेखक कह रहा है। प्रेत गति से क्या तात्पर्य है ?
(ii) लेखक असमंजस में क्यों है ?
(iii) ठण्डी हवा कैसी लग रही थी? वे दोनों कहाँ गये।
(iv) मित्र ने उस समय क्या कहा और लेखक ने क्या उत्तर दिया ? फिर उदास होकर मित्र ने क्या कहा?
Answer:
(i) नैनीताल की सर्द शाम का समय है। लेखक और उसका मित्र एक बैंच पर बैठे थे। जिस लड़के के बारे में कहा गया है वह एक पहाड़ी गरीब लड़का है जो अपने गाँव से भोजन के अभाव के कारण शहर भाग आया है और यहाँ किसी दुकान पर काम करता है। तीन गज की दूरी से उन्हें दिख पड़ा, एक लड़का सिर के बड़े-बड़े बाल खुजलाता चला आ रहा था। नंगे पैर, नंगे सिर, एक मैली-सी कमीज लटकाए है। प्रेत गति का मतलब होता है बहुत तीव्र गति से।

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(ii) लेखक असमंजस में यह सोचकर है कि इतनी अधिक ठण्डी में बिना कपड़ों के ये लड़का कैसे रात काटेगा? उनके प्रयास करने पर भी उनके होटल में ही ठहरे वकील साहब ने उसे काम पर नहीं रखा। यदि उसे नौकरी मिल जाती तो उसका कष्ट कम हो जाता।

(ii) ठण्डी हवा तीर की भाँति उनके बदन में लग रही थी। ऊनी कोट भी उस बर्फीली हवा से रक्षा नहीं कर पा रहे थे। वे दोनों वहाँ से उठकर अपने होटल की तरफ चल दिये।

(iv) ठण्डी से सिकुड़ते हुए मित्र ने लेखक से कहा कि भयानक शीत है और उस लड़के के पास बहुत कम कपड़े हैं। लेखक ने लापरवाही से कहा कि ‘यह संसार है’ हम क्या कर सकते हैं। पहले बिस्तर में गरम हो लें फिर किसी और की चिन्ता करेंगे। यह सुनकर मित्र उदास हो गया और कहा कि इसे लाचारी कहो, निठुराई कहो या बेहयाई।

Question 6.
Read the extract given below and answer in Hindi the questions that follow :
निम्नलिखित गद्यांश को पढ़िए और उसके नीचे लिखे प्रश्नों के उत्तर हिन्दी में लिखिए:
“मूर्ति की आँखों पर सरकंडे से बना छोटा-सा चश्मा रखा हुआ था, जैसा बच्चे बना लेते हैं। हालदार साहब भावुक हैं। इतनी सी बात पर उनकी आँखें भर आईं।”
— ‘नेताजी का चश्मा’ —
लेखक-स्वयं प्रकाश
(i) किसकी मूर्ति की आँखों पर सरकंडे से बना चश्मा लगा था ?
(ii) यह चश्मा किसने लगाया होगा और क्यों ?
(iii) हालदार साहब यहाँ क्यों रुके ?
(iv) भावुक व्यक्ति कौन होता है उसके लक्षण बताइए?
Answer:
(i) सुभाष चन्द्र बोस अर्थात् नेताजी की मूर्ति पर सरकंडे से बना चश्मा लगा था।
(ii) यह चश्मा कस्बे के किसी देशप्रेमी ने लगाया होगा। वह कोई बच्चा हो सकता है या कोई उस कस्बे का नागरिक हो सकता है, क्योंकि उसको बिना चश्मे की मूर्ति अच्छी नहीं लगी, क्योंकि नेताजी हमेशा चश्मा लगाते थे।

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

Question 7.
Read the extract given below and answer in Hindi the questions that follow :
निम्नलिखित गद्यांश को पढ़िए और उसके नीचे लिखे प्रश्नों के उत्तर हिन्दी में लिखिएः
“लोग बड़ी कठिनता से उसे हटा पाये। काकी के दाह-संस्कार में उसे नहीं जाने दिया। एक दासी राम-राम करके उसे घर पर ही सँभाले रही।”
— काकी —
लेखक-सियारामशरण गुप्त

(i) लोग कठिनता से किसे हटा पाये तथा वहाँ क्या हुआ था?
(ii) ‘दासी राम-राम करके उसे घर पर ही सँभाले रही’ इस पंक्ति को समझाइए ?
(iii) किसी अपने प्रिय के गुजर जाने पर बच्चे पर क्या असर पड़ता है ?
(iv) बुद्धिमान गुरुजनों ने उस बच्चे को क्या बताया तथा उसे सत्य का पता कैसे लगा?

साहित्य सागर (पद्य)

Question 8.
Read the extract given below and answer in Hindi the questions that follow :
निम्नलिखित पद्यांश को पढ़िए और उसके नीचे लिखे प्रश्नों के उत्तर हिन्दी में लिखिएः
“राजा के दरबार में, जैये समया पाय।
साईं तहाँ न बैठिये, जहँ कोउ देय उठाय।।
जहँ कोउ देय उठाय, बोल अनबोले रहिए।
हँसिये नहीं हहाय, बात पूछे ते कहिये।।”
-‘कुंडलियाँ’कवि–
गिरधर कविराय

(i) ये कुंडलियाँ बहुत लोकप्रिय हैं—कैसे ?
(ii) कवि ने किसको अपना विषय बनाया है ?
(iii) राजा के दरबार में कैसा व्यवहार करना चाहिए ?
(iv) इन पंक्तियों का भावार्थ लिखिए।
Answer:
(i) कविराय गिरधर की कुंडलियाँ जनमानस में बहुत लोकप्रिय हैं। इनकी कुंडलियाँ नीति पर आधारित हैं। इस लोकप्रियता का सबसे बड़ा कारण है बिल्कुल सरल, सहज़, व्यावहारिक तथा सीधी-सादी भाषा में गम्भीर तथा नीतिपरक तथ्यों का कथन।।

(ii) कवि ने नीति, वैराग्य और आध्यात्म को ही अपनी कविता का विषय बनाया है। जीवन के व्यावहारिक पक्ष का इनके काव्य में प्रभावशाली वर्णन मिलता है जिसकी पैठ जनमानस में बहुत गहरी है।

(iii)राजा के दरबार में बिना बुलाये नहीं जाना चाहिए। हमें उस स्थान पर नहीं बैठना चाहिए जहाँ से कि कोई उन्हें उठा सकता है। बिना किसी के पूछे बोलना नहीं चाहिए और जोर से ठहाका मारकर हँसना नहीं चाहिए।

(iv) कवि कहता है कि राजा के दरबार में तभी जाना चाहिए जब बुलाया जाये और समय से पहुँचना चाहिए। उस स्थान पर नहीं बैठना चाहिए जहाँ से कोई उठा दे। बिना पूछे कोई बात नहीं करनी चाहिए और ठहाका मारकर नहीं हँसना चाहिए क्योंकि यह असभ्यता मानी जाती है।

Question 9.
Read the extract given below and answer in Hindi the questions that follow :
निम्नलिखित पद्यांश को पढ़िए और उसके नीचे लिखे प्रश्नों के उत्तर हिन्दी में लिखिए:

“लेकिन विघ्न अनेक अभी
इस पथ पर अड़े हुए हैं
मानवता की राह रोककर
पर्वत खड़े हुए हैं।”
-‘स्वर्ग बना सकते हैं
कवि-रामधारी सिंह ‘दिनकर’
(i) कवि ने इस कविता में क्या इच्छा व्यक्त की है ? क्या यह कविता ‘राष्ट्रप्रेम’ को प्रदर्शित करती है ?
(ii) कौन से पथ पर विघ्न अड़े हुए हैं तथा उनको कैसे दूर किया जा सकता है ?
(iii) अपने देश के लिए हमारे क्या कर्तव्य हैं ?
(iv) इन पंक्तियों का भावार्थ लिखिए।
Answer:
(i) कवि रामधारी सिंह ‘दिनकर’ ने इस कविता में यह इच्छा व्यक्त की है कि हम प्रयत्न करें तो इस देश को स्वर्ग के समान बना सकते हैं। इसके लिए परस्पर प्रेमभाव, सहयोग, एकता, न्याय और सुख का समभाव होना आवश्यक है। सभी मिलकर विकास की ओर कदम बढ़ाये। यह कविता राष्ट्रीयता से प्रेरित है।

(ii) हमारे विकास के पथ पर विघ्न-बाधाएँ खड़ी हुई हैं। हम अपने सच्चे उद्यम से उनको दूर कर सकते हैं। हर काम में बाधाएँ आती हैं, लेकिन सच्चा कर्मवीर वही है जो उनको पार करके आगे बढ़ता है। ईश्वर भी उसी व्यक्ति की सहायता करता है जो वीरता से अपने सच्चे पथ पर आगे बढ़ता है।

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(iii) अपने देश की स्वतन्त्रता की रक्षा करना हमारा परम कर्तव्य है। हम प्राण देकर भी अपने देश की रक्षा करते हैं। अपने देश को उन्नति के पथ पर ले जाने के लिए एकता, परस्पर सहयोग, सहिष्णुता और देश प्रेम की आवश्यकता है। देश की आवश्यकतानुसार हम फौज में भर्ती होकर देश की रक्षा का प्रण लें।

(iv) कवि कहता है कि मनुष्य के विकास के पथ पर अनेक विघ्न आकर खड़े हो गये हैं और मानवता का रास्ता रोके अनेक रुकावटें पर्वतों के समान अडिग होकर खड़ी हुई हैं। लेकिन सच्चा वीर इन बाधाओं को पार करता हुआ मानवता की राह में आगे बढ़ता है। कहते हैं कि कर्मवीर के सामने से बाधाएँ ऐसे उड़ जाती हैं जैसे आँधी में तिनका।

Question 10.
Read the extract given below and answer in Hindi the questions that follow :
निम्नलिखित पद्यांश को पढ़िए और उसके नीचे लिखे प्रश्नों के उत्तर हिन्दी में लिखिए:
“ऊँचा खड़ा हिमालय,
आकाश चूमता है, नीचे चरण तले पड़, नित सिन्धु झूमता है।
गंगा, यमुना, त्रिवेणी, नदियाँ लहर रही हैं,
जगमग छटा निराली, पग-पग पर छहर रही हैं।”
— ‘वह जन्मभूमि मेरी’ —
कवि-सोहन लाल द्विवेदी
(i) हिमालय को क्या कहा जाता है ? इसकी सुन्दरता का वर्णन करिये।
(ii) हिमालय से हमारे देश को क्या-क्या लाभ हैं ?
(iii) गंगा, यमुना कहाँ से निकलती हैं ? त्रिवेणी का क्या हुआ तथा ये नदियाँ कहाँ आकर मिलती हैं ?
(iv) प्रस्तुत पंक्तियों का भावार्थ लिखिए।
Answer:
(i) हिमालय पर्वत अति प्राचीन और अति सुन्दर है। प्रकृति की छटा यहाँ पर दर्शनीय है। चारों ओर बर्फ से ढंकी हुई इसकी चोटियों की छटा अत्यन्त मनोरम है। यह भारत के उत्तर में स्थित है तथा इसको भारतमाता का मुकुट कहा जाता है। धार्मिक पुस्तकों में भी इसका अभूतपूर्ण वर्णन है। इस पर स्थित कैलाश पर्वत पर भगवान शिव का निवास है। ‘मान सरोवर’ की यात्रा यहाँ के भक्तजन करते हैं।

(ii) हिमालय पर्वत हमारे देश की उत्तर दिशा में एक सबल प्रहरी की तरह खड़ा है। इससे भारत को अनेक लाभ हैं। यहाँ से निकली हुई नदियाँ भारतभूमि की सिंचाई करती हैं और पीने का पानी देती हैं। उत्तर से आने वाले आक्रमणकारियों से हिमालय भारत की रक्षा करता रहा है। अधिक ऊँचा होने के कारण प्राचीनकाल में आक्रान्ता इसे पार नहीं कर पाते थे। यहाँ पर अनेक दर्शनीय स्थल, धार्मिक

स्थल और सैलानियों के लिए ठहरने के सुन्दर स्थान हैं। गर्मी से राहत पाने के लिए धनी लोग यहाँ आकर ठहरते हैं। यहाँ अनेक वन हैं जिनमें बहुमूल्य लकड़ियाँ और जड़ी-बूटी मिलती हैं। यहाँ की चोटियाँ बादलों को आकर्षित कर वर्षा कराती हैं। सबसे ऊँची चोटी ‘ऐवरेस्ट’ यहाँ का गौरव है। यहाँ अनेक तीर्थस्थान हैं। यहाँ की गुफाओं में आज भी ऋषि-मुनि तपस्या करते हैं। यहाँ के मान सरोवर का धार्मिक महत्व है।

(iii) पवित्र नदी गंगा हिमालय के गोमुख स्थान से गिरकर गंगोत्री में आती है और फिर वहाँ से आगे बढ़ती है, जबकि यमुना का स्रोत ‘यमुनोत्री’ से है। कहते हैं पहले तीसरी नदी त्रिवेणी भी हिमालय से निकलकर मैदान में आती थी और इलाहाबाद में ‘संगम’ पर तीनों नदियाँ मिलती थीं। अन्तराल में सरस्वती नदी का लोप हो गया और वह धरती के नीचे चली गईं। अब ‘संगम’ पर मिलने वाली नदियाँ दो हैं- गंगा और यमुना। गंगा का सफेद जल और यमुना का सांवला जल साफ-साफ नजर आता है।

(iv) कवि सोहनलाल द्विवेदी कहते हैं यह जन्मभूमि मेरी है जहाँ ऊँचा पर्वत हिमालय खड़ा हुआ है जो आकाश को चूम रहा है। यह भारतमाता के मुकुट की तरह शोभित है और दक्षिण में हिन्द महासागर भारत माता के चरण धो रहा है। गंगा, यमुना, त्रिवेणी नदियाँ हर्षित होकर बह रही हैं। इसकी सुन्दर छटा अनुपम और दर्शनीय है।
नया रास्ता

नया रास्ता

Question 11.
Read the extract given below and answer in Hindi the questions that follow :
निम्नलिखित गद्यांश को पढ़िए और उसके नीचे लिखे प्रश्नों के उत्तर हिन्दी में लिखिए :
“सड़क पर घोर अंधकार था। शायद सड़क पर लगी बिजली की ट्यूबें खराब हो गई थीं। अंधकार में मीनू अशोक के पीछे-पीछे चलने लगी, मीनू का पैर एक पत्थर पर पड़ने से उसका सन्तुलन बिगड़ गया। तभी उसने अपने को सँभाला, दो कदम पर उसका घर था।”
(i) मीनू कहाँ से आ रही है ? उसे देर क्यों हो गई ?
(ii) वह वहाँ क्यों गई थी ? उसे अपनी सहेली से मिलकर कैसा लगा?
(iii) उसकी सहेली ने अपने भाई को उसके साथ क्यों भेजा ?
(iv) अशोक को देखकर पिताजी ने क्या कहा ? मीनू फिर कहाँ चली गई ?
Answer:
(i) मीनू नीलिमा के घर से आ रही थी। उसे देर इसलिए हो गई क्योंकि नीलिमा की माँ ने उससे खाना खाकर जाने को कहा। अतः उसको रुकना पड़ा। नीलिमा ने भी उससे आग्रहपूर्वक खाना खाकर ही जाने की बात कही।

(ii) मीनू को अपनी सहेली नीलिमा से मिले हुए बहुत दिन हो गये थे। इसलिए वह उससे मिलने उसके घर गई। नीलिमा से मिलकर उसे बहुत अच्छा लगा। मीनू के आते ही नीलिमा ने उसे गले से लगा लिया। ऐसा लग रहा था कि मानों दोनों सहेलियाँ एक लम्बे समय के बाद मिल रही हों।

(iii) खाना बनने और मीनू के खाना खाने से रात को 10 बज गये थे। मीनू को डर था कि कहीं उसके पिताजी व माँ इतनी रात गये लौटने पर नाराज न हों। तभी नीलिमा ने अपने भाई अशोक को बुलाया और उससे कहा कि वह मीनू को घर तक छोड़कर आये।

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(iv) अशोक को देखकर पिताजी ने बड़े प्रेम से उसे बुलाया और बैठने को कहा, परन्तु रात अधिक हो जाने के कारण उसने बैठने के लिए इन्कार कर दिया और अभिवादन कर चला गया। इधर मीनू सीधे अपनी माँ के कमरे में गई और कुछ देर दोनों बात करती रहीं। फ़िर मीनू को नींद आ गई और वह सो गई।

Question 12.
Read the extract given below and answer in Hindi the questions that follow :
निम्नलिखित गद्यांश को पढ़िए और उसके नीचे लिखे प्रश्नों के उत्तर हिन्दी में लिखिए:
“यद्यपि मीनू ने कत्थक नृत्य बचपन में सीखा था, परन्तु वह शुरू से ही अपने स्कूल में व फिर बड़े होने पर कॉलेज में नृत्य का कार्यक्रम देती रही। इसलिए अभी भी कत्थक काफी कुशलतापूर्वक कर लेती थी। हमेशा अपने कत्थक नृत्य में पुरस्कार लिए थे।”
(i) सहेलियों ने मीनू के सामने क्या प्रस्ताव रखा ?
(ii) वह इस प्रस्ताव के लिए मना क्यों नहीं कर सकी?
(iii) वह लेटे-लेटे किन स्मृतियों में खो गई ?
(iv) हर कार्य में मीनू की प्रतिभा मुखरित हो उठती ? कैसे ?
Answer:
(i) हॉस्टल में मीनू को देखकर सभी सहेलियों ने उसे चारों ओर से घेर लिया। एक बार उसने बातों-बातों में माया के सामने कहा था कि उसने कत्थक नृत्य सीखा है। माया ने ही यह प्रस्ताव रखा कि मीनू का कत्थक नृत्य कॉलेज के वार्षिकोत्सव में कराया जाये। उसकी सभी सहेलियों ने आकर उसके सामने कत्थक नृत्य करने का प्रस्ताव रखा।

(ii) सभी सहेलियों के बहुत आग्रह के कारण मीनू नृत्य करने के लिए मना न कर सकी। यद्यपि वह इन सब बातों में विशेष रुचि नहीं रखती थी। इस समय उसके सामने एक ध्येय था, एक मंजिल थी, जिस पर पहुँचने के लिए उसे विशेष परिश्रम की आवश्यकता थी और फिर नीलिमा की शादी में भी उसके तीन दिन बेकार हो गये थे।

(iii) मार्ग की थकान के कारण वह अपने कमरे में आकर लेट गई। लेटे-लेटे वह अतीत की स्मृतियों में खो गई। उसने बचपन में ही कत्थक नृत्य सीखा था। उसके कस्बे में एक कत्थक नृत्य का स्कूल खुल गया था। वहाँ उसने नृत्य सीखा और अपने स्कूल में भी इस नृत्य का कार्यक्रम दिया था।

(iv) हर कार्य में मीनू की प्रतिभा मुखरित हो उठती। वह हर कार्य लगन के साथ करती। कत्थक नृत्य में भी उसने पूर्ण रुचि दिखाई। दो वर्ष में ही वह कत्थक नृत्य में निपुण हो गई थी। बाद में भी स्कूल में वह निरन्तर नृत्य करती रही, जिससे उसका अभ्यास निरन्तर बना रहा।

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

Question 13.
Read the extract given below and answer in Hindi the questions that follow :
निम्नलिखित गद्यांश को पढ़िए और उसके नीचे लिखे प्रश्नों के उत्तर हिन्दी में लिखिए :
अपने जीवन की परिस्थितियों से विवश होकर मीनू के हृदय में कई बार हीन भावनाएँ उत्पन्न हुईं। कई बार उसे ऐसा आभास हुआ कि उसका जीवन बिल्कुल व्यर्थ है, परन्तु मीनू जैसी योग्य तथा होनहार युवती के लिए ऐसी भावनाएँ उचित नहीं थीं।
(i) मीनू के हृदय में हीन भावनाएँ क्यों उत्पन्न हुईं ? ।
(ii) मेरठ से जो पत्र आया उसमें क्या लिखा था?
(iii) आशा का रिश्ता मेरठ वालों ने माँगा तो मीन ने अपने घर में क्या कहा?
(iv) दयाराम के घरवालों का हृदय मायाराम जी के परिवार के प्रति घृणा से क्यों भर गया ?
Answer:
अपने जीवन की परिस्थितियों को देखते हुए कई बार मीनू का हृदय हीन-भावना से भर गया। मीनू पढ़ी-लिखी है, अच्छे संस्कारों वाली है और सुन्दर है, फिर भी कई लड़कों द्वारा वह नापसन्द कर दी गई है। वह अपने को अपमानित महसूस करती है। दृढ़ता और साहस की मूर्ति होते हुए भी कभी-कभी हीन-भावना उसके हृदय में भर जाती है और वह दुःखी हो जाती है।

(ii) मेरठ से लड़के वालों के यहाँ से जो पत्र आया उसमें लिखा था कि वे लोग मीनू के बजाय उसकी छोटी बहन आशा से शादी कर सकते हैं। यदि आपको स्वीकार हो तो खबर कर दें। इस पत्र को पढ़कर सभी लोग उदास हो गये।

(iii) मीनू की छोटी बहन मीनू से सुन्दर थी, लेकिन वह अभी छोटी थी। कायदे से पहले मीन का विवाह होना चाहिए उसके बाद आशा का नम्बर आता है। मीनू का विचार था कि यदि मेरठ वालों ने आशा का रिश्ता माँगा है तो हमें कर देना चाहिए। आखिर आशा का विवाह भी तो करना ही है। मीनू की बात उसके पिताजी और माताजी को पसन्द आई और आशा का रिश्ता मेरठ वालों से करने का मन बना लिया।

(iv) दयारामजी मेरठ आशा के रिश्ते की बात करने गये, लेकिन वहाँ उन्हें पता चला कि किसी धनवान व्यक्ति की लड़की से उनका रिश्ता करीब-करीब पक्का हो गया है। दयारामजी उदास होकर लौट आये। घर पहुँचने पर दयारामजी का उदास चेहरा देखकर सभी समझ · गये कि आशा के रिश्ते के लिए भी मना हो गई है। जब उन्हें असलियत पता चली तो सबका हृदय मायारामजी के परिवार के प्रति घृणा से भर गया।

एकांकी संचय

Question 14.
Read the extract given below and answer in Hindi the questions that follow :
निम्नलिखित गद्यांश को पढ़िए और उसके नीचे लिखे प्रश्नों के उत्तर हिन्दी में लिखिए:
“हाँ माताजी उन्होंने यही कहा था। मुझे भी अचरज हुआ। मैंने पूछा, वे यहाँ आते हैं ? तो हँसकर बोली, डरो नहीं। वे यहाँ भाई के पास नहीं आते, दफ्तर के काम से आते हैं।”
—’संस्कार और भावना’ —
लेखक-विष्णु प्रभाकर
(i) यह कथन किसने, किससे और किसके बारे में कहा है ?
(ii) जिसके बारे में वक्ता बता रही है उससे पहले उसकी क्या बातें हुई हैं ?
(iii) कौन बीमार रहा है और वह कैसे बचा ?
(iv) वक्ता का अन्तर्मन क्यों काँपने लगा था ?
Answer:
(i) यह कथन माँ की छोटी बहू उमा का है और माँ से कहा गया है। यह कथन माँ के बड़े लड़के अविनाश की पत्नी के लिए कहा गया

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Sample Question Paper 2 with Answers

(ii) उमा की इससे पहले अपनी जेठानी से बातें हुईं। जेठानी ने कहा कि वह अपने पति से बहुत प्यार करती है। यद्यपि माँ-बेटे का सम्बन्ध सबसे बड़ा होता है, लेकिन पति को दुःखी करके वह किसी और को खुश करने की कल्पना भी नहीं कर सकती। वह अपने पति को बहुत चाहती है। वह उसके विरुद्ध जाकर कोई काम नहीं कर सकती।

(iii) माँ का बड़ा बेटा अविनाश बहुत बीमार रहा है। उसकी बहू ने हर प्रकार से उसकी सेवा कर उसे बचा लिया। वह घर का सब काम भी करती थी और बाजार से दवा भी लाती थी। एक दो बार मिसरानी से दवा मँगाई थी वरना तो वह स्वयं ही दवा लाती थी। उसका पूरा ध्यान अविनाश पर ही रहता था। उसकी लगन और सेवा से ही अविनाश स्वस्थ हुआ है।

(iv) उमा ने माँ को बताया कि एक दिन वह उनसे (जिठानी) लड़ने गई थी कि उन्होंने बेटे को माँ से अलग कर दिया है, लेकिन उनके तर्कों के सामने वह कुछ न कह सकी। उसका अन्तर्मन काँपने लगा क्योंकि उनके प्रति उसके मन में मोह छा गया है। जैसे मोहग्रस्त . आदमी होता भी है और नहीं भी होता है। उसके बाद वह (उमा) वहाँ से चली आई।

Question 15.
Read the extract given below and answer in Hindi the questions that follow :
निम्नलिखित गद्यांश को पढ़िए और उसके नीचे लिखे प्रश्नों के उत्तर हिन्दी में लिखिएः
“अब भी आँखें नहीं खली ? जो व्यवहार अपनी बेटी के लिए तुम दूसरों से चाहते हो वही दूसरे की बेटी को भी दो। जब तक बहू और बेटी को एक-सा नहीं समझोगे, न तुम्हें सुख मिलेगा और न शान्ति।”
—’बहू की विदा’
लेखक-विनोद रस्तोगी

(i) यह कथन किसका है और किससे कहा गया है ? वक्ता ने ऐसा क्यों कहा?
(ii) इस कथन में कितनी सत्यता है। क्या इससे दहेज की समस्या कुछ कम होगी?
(iii) “अब भी आँखें नहीं खुलीं” से क्या तात्पर्य है ?
(iv) अन्त में क्या निर्णय लिया गया ?
Answer:
(i) यह कथन राजेश्वरी का है और अपने पति जीवनलाल से कहा गया है। राजेश्वरी ने उनसे ऐसा इसलिए कहा कि वह अपनी बहू को उसके भाई के साथ मायके नहीं भेज रहे थे क्योंकि उन्होंने शादी में उनको कम दहेज दिया था।

(ii) इस कथन में कि बहू को अपनी बेटी के समान समझना चाहिए यह एक सत्य विचार है, पर ऐसा होता नहीं है। बहुत कम लोग इसको स्वीकार कर पाते हैं। अधिकतर संख्या तो धन के लोभियों की है जो दहेज न मिलने के कारण बहू को अपमानित करते हैं। यदि सभी लोग इस बात को स्वीकार कर लें कि बहू और बेटी एक समान हैं, उनसे वो ही व्यवहार किया जाये जो बेटी से करते हैं तो दहेज की समस्या किसी हद तक कम हो सकती है।

(iii) “अब भी आँखें नहीं खुलीं” से तात्पर्य यह है कि जीवनलाल को अब तो समझ आ जानी चाहिए कि उनकी बेटी को भी उसकी ससुराल वालों ने कम दहेज मिलने के कारण मायके नहीं भेजा है। उनका बेटा जो बहन को लिवाने गया था, अकेला वापस लौट आया था। यही गलती वह अपनी बहू को उसके भाई के साथ न भेजकर कर रहे हैं।

(iv) अन्त में जीवनलाल को समझ आई कि उसे यह गलती नहीं करनी चाहिए। मनुष्य को इतना उदार तो होना ही चाहिए तथा इसी तरह हम बुरों के साथ अच्छे बनकर समाज में सकारात्मकता ला सकते हैं। उन्होंने बहू के भाई प्रमोद से अपनी बहन को ले जाने के लिए कह दिया।

Question 16.
Read the extract given below and answer in Hindi the questions that follow :
निम्नलिखित गद्यांश को पढ़िए और उसके नीचे लिखे प्रश्नों के उत्तर हिन्दी में लिखिए:
“और तुम जानते हो कि महाराणा इस गढ़ को जीतकर अपनी प्रतिज्ञा पूरी करना चाहते हैं, किन्तु क्या हम लोग अपनी मातृभूमि का अपमान होने देंगे?”
— ‘मातृभूमि का मान’ —
लेखक — हरिकृष्ण ‘प्रेमी’

(i) यहाँ कौन किससे वार्ता कर रहा है और किस सन्दर्भ में?
(ii) वक्ता का परिचय दीजिए। वह इस समय कहाँ पर है ?
(iii) दूसरे साथी के ‘नकली बूंदी कहने पर वक्ता ने क्या जवाब दिया ?
(iv) तीसरे साथी का विचार क्या था ?
Answer:
(i) यहाँ पर राणा का वीर सिपाही वीरसिंह अपने साथी से बात कर रहा है। वह यहाँ बूंदी के नकली दुर्ग की रक्षा के लिए अपने साथियों के साथ तैनात है। बूंदी के दुर्ग के सन्दर्भ में ही वह बात कर रहा है।

(ii) वक्ता वीरसिंह महाराणा लाखा की मेवाड़ सेना का वीर सिपाही है। वह एक राजपूत है और राणा के यहाँ नौकरी करता है। वह बूंदी का रहने वाला देशभक्त सिपाही है, वह राणा की सेना में है, लेकिन इस समय उसे बूंदी के नकली किले की सुरक्षा में कुछ साथियों के साथ रखा गया है और उसको यह निर्देश दिया गया है कि लड़ाई नकली होगी और थोड़े समय बाद बूंदी के नकली किले पर अधिकार कर लिया जायेगा।

(iii) दूसरे साथी ने वीरसिंह को समझाना चाहा कि यह दुर्ग तो नकली है, हमें इस नकली दुर्ग के लिए ऐसा नहीं सोचना चाहिए। तब सच्चे मातृभक्त वीरसिंह ने उसे धिक्कारा और कहा कि नकली बूंदी भी प्राणों से प्रिय है। जिस जगह एक भी हाड़ा है, वहाँ बूंदी का अपमान आसानी से नहीं किया जा सकता। आज महाराणा देखेंगे कि यह खेल ही नहीं रहेगा, बल्कि यह भूमि सिसोदियों और हाड़ाओं के खून से लाल हो जायेगी।

(iv) वीरसिंह के तीसरे साथी का विचार यह था कि हम लोग महाराणा के नौकर हैं। महाराणा के विरुद्ध तलवार उठाना उचित नहीं है। उनका शरीर महाराणा के नमक से बना है। उन्हें महाराणा की इच्छा में बाधा उत्पन्न नहीं करनी चाहिए। स्वामिभक्त होने के नाते उसका विचार भी गलत नहीं है।

ICSE Class 9 Hindi Question Papers with Answers