Frank ICSE Class 10 Biology Solutions – Nervous System

Frank ICSE Class 10 Biology Solutions – Nervous System

PAGE NO 115
Solution 1:

  1. Central Nervous System
  2. Autonomic Nervous System
  3. Conus medullaris / Medullary cone
  4. Mixed neurons
  5. Neuroscience
  6. Sensory neurons
  7. Motor neurons
  8. White matter
  9. White matter
  10. Dura mater
  11. Neuron
  12. Meninges
  13. Cranium
  14. Neocortex / Neopallium
  15. Limbic system
  16. Corpora quadrigemina
  17. Olfactory Lobes
  18. Median fissure
  19. Agraphia
  20. Brain
  21. Aphasia
  22. Trigeminal nerve
  23. Sympathetic nervous system
  24. Dendrites
  25. Bipolar neuron
  26. Sclera
  27. Myopia
  28. Semicircular canal
  29. Rhodopsin

PAGE NO : 116
Solution 2:

  1. Ear pinna – The pinna or the external ear collects the sound waves from different directions and send them to the middle ear.
  2. External auditory meatus It forms a passage from the pinna to the eardrum.
  3. Cochlea – It converts vibrations into nerve impulses and thus helps in hearing.
  4. Semicircular canals – It responds to change in position and maintains balance.
  5. Lachrymal gland – It secretes a watery fluid which washes the surface of eyes.
  6. Eyelids – It blinks to clean the dust and grit from the cornea.
  7. Retina – It is a photosensitive layer to receive the image.
  8. Eye lens – It focuses the image on the retina.
  9. Pupil – It regulates the amount of light that enters the eye.
  10. Olfactory lobe – These are concerned with the sense of smell.
  11. Optic lobe – These are concerned with vision.
  12. Medulla oblongata – It controls involuntary functions of the body like – coughing, swallowing, breathing, heartbeat, etc.

Solution 3:

  1. Nephron
  2. Blind spot
  3. Myelin
  4. Olfactory lobe
  5. Cranial nerve

Solution 4:
Frank ICSE Class 10 Biology Solutions - Nervous System 1

Solution 5:

  1. Nerve impulse – It is an electrochemical change occurring in the membrane of a nerve fibre produced by a stimulus.
  2. Axon – It is a fibre like process of the neuron which carries impulses away from the cell body.
  3. Cyton – It is an oval, angular, polygonal or stellate body which contains a large central nucleus.
  4. Action potential – A momentary change in electrical potential on the surface of a cell, or a nerve or muscle cell, that occurs when it is stimulated, resulting in the transmission of an electrical impulse.
  5. Reflex action – It is an immediate and involuntary response to a stimulus.
  6. Yellow spot – It is the region of best vision where more cone cells are present.
  7. Blind spot – It is the region of no image formation because of lack of cone cells.
  8. Power of accommodation – It is the ability of the lens to focus on far and distant objects.

Solution 6:
Frank ICSE Class 10 Biology Solutions - Nervous System 2
Frank ICSE Class 10 Biology Solutions - Nervous System 3

Solution 7:
Frank ICSE Class 10 Biology Solutions - Nervous System 4

PAGE NO : 117
Solution 8:
Frank ICSE Class 10 Biology Solutions - Nervous System 5

Solution 9:
Frank ICSE Class 10 Biology Solutions - Nervous System 6

Solution 10:

  1. A – Cerebrum; B – Cerebellum; C – Medulla oblongata
  2. (A) Cerebrum – It is concerned with intelligence, memory and voluntary activities.
  3. Cerebellum – It is concerned with body equilibrium.
  4. Medulla oblongata It controls all involuntary activities like heart beat, respiration, etc.
    The three protective membranes covering the brain are :

    • ¬†Dura mater
    • Arachnoid mater
    • Pia mater.
  5. Neuron is the basic unit of the brain.

PAGE NO : 118

Solution 11:

  1. Meninges – It is located around the brain and spinal cord.
  2. Ganglia – It is located outside the brain and spinal cord.
  3. Cerebellum – It is located behind cerebrum and above medulla oblongata in the brain.
  4. Nodes of Ranvier – It is located on the unmyelinated areas on the axon.
  5. Effector organs – It is located in muscle , gland or any organ of the body.

Solution 12:
Frank ICSE Class 10 Biology Solutions - Nervous System 7

Solution 13:
Frank ICSE Class 10 Biology Solutions - Nervous System 8

Solution 14:

  1. Iris: It is located in the eye. Its function is to protect the eyeball and controls the size of the pupil.
  2. Semicircular canals: It is located in the inner ear. These are concerned with the body equilibrium.

Solution 15:
Following are the two examples of reflex actions in our daily life :

  1. Removing hand suddenly when pricked by a thorn.
  2. Blinking of eyelids on exposure to light.

Solution 16:

  1. Reflex action – It is an immediate and involuntary response to a stimulus.
  2. Example of a conditioned reflex: Tying one’s shoe lace.

Solution 17:

  1. (a) Bone of skull
  2. (b) Inner ear
  3. (c) Eardrum
  4. (d) Bone of skull
  5. (e) Bone of middle ear
  6. (f) Middle ear
  7. (g) Air filled
  8. (ii) (b) Inner ear – It transmits the impulse to brain.
  9. (d) Bone of skull – It helps in fixing the position of the ears to help the brain use auditory cues to judge direction and distance of sounds.
  10. (g) Air filled – It keeps the pressure in the middle ear equalized with pressure in the outside.
  11. (iii) The main division of the ear are: outer ear, middle ear and inner ear.
  12. (iv) Stirrup
  13. (v) The labyrinth is the inner ear which consists of utriculus, sacculus, cochlea and three semicircular canals.

Solution 18:

  1. A – Semi-circular canal
    B – Utriculus
    C – Sacculus
    D – Cochlea
    (ii) Auditory nerve.
    (iii) 1. Utriculus and sacculus
  2. Semi-circular canal
  3. Cochlea
  4. Sensory cells of organ of Corti
  5. Perilymph

Solution 19:

  1. Cochlea – It helps in hearing by transmitting impulses to the brain through auditory nerves.
  2. Fovea centralis – It is a point at retina where more cone cells are concentrated and thus produces sharpest vision.
  3. Three semicircular canals – It maintains the dynamic equilibrium.
  4. Retina – It prevents the reflection of light.
  5. Lachrymal glands – It produces tear to lubricate the eyeball.

Solution 20:
The arrangement of neurons in
Cerebrum: cytons are present outside and axons are inside
Spinal cord: cytons are present inside and axons are outside.

Solution 211:
Functions of medulla oblongata –

  1. It controls the involuntary activities like – respiration, circulation, digestion, etc.
  2. It controls the dilation and constriction of blood vessels.

Solution 22:
Reflex action – It is an immediate and involuntary response to a stimulus.
Example – 1. Blinking of eyelids on exposure to light .
2. Knee jerk.

PAGE NO : 119

Solution 23:
Frank ICSE Class 10 Biology Solutions - Nervous System 9

Solution 24:
Cone cells.

Solution 25:
Frank ICSE Class 10 Biology Solutions - Nervous System 10

Solution 26:
Frank ICSE Class 10 Biology Solutions - Nervous System 11

Solution 27:

  1. Cochlea: It helps in hearing by transmitting impulses to the brain through auditory nerves.
  2. Meninges: It provides protection to brain and spinal cord.

Solution 28:
One feels blinded for a short while on coming out of a dark room.This is called light adaptation of the eye.It is due to the constriction of the pupil to prevent the entry of light into the eye and pigment rhodopsin is bleached to reduce the sensitivity of the rods.

Solution 29:

  1. Iris
  2. Cerebrospinal fluid

Solution 30:

  1. True
  2. True
  3. True
  4. True
  5. False
  6. True
  7.  False
  8. False

PAGE NO : 120
Solution 31:

  1. (d) nerve cell
  2. (b) cerebrum
  3. (a) 31
  4. (b) 12
  5. (a) dura mater
  6. (a) ear
  7. (c) rhodopsin
  8. (a) twilight vision
  9. (d) macula
  10. (d) two nerves
  11. (c) hearing
  12. (b) 31
  13. (a) eustachian
  14. (c) iris
  15. (b) cones
  16. (b) Ear
  17. (d) corpus callosum
  18. (d) eye
  19. (d) filter light
  20. (b) the two cerebral hemispheres

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